Difference Between Motorcycle and Moped (With Table)

If we think about two-wheelers, motorcycles, mopeds, and scooters, are comes to our mind. All three are recognizing as better platforms for transportation. Motorcycle and moped are looks similar with many differences. The best motorcycle is selected by the needs and people like the two-wheelers than a car since it is affordable.

Motorcycle vs Moped

The difference between motorcycle and moped is its engine size. The motorcycle has an engine size of 250cc, and the engine size of the moped is 50cc. The motorcycle can travel, on motorways but the moped has not capable of riding on highways. The speed of the motorcycle varies with the engine, and the moped has a standard speed of 28mph.

Motorcycles have many brands from 1900. It is in the market for the past 100 years. The motorcycle is a two-wheeler vehicle with a motor, and it has no pedals. The motorcycles are designed for riding on highways at high speed. It is capable of handling complex circumstances. The motorcycle provides more wind protection than any other two-wheelers. The two-wheelers are developed from small brands to worldwide.

A moped is a bicycle or two-wheeled vehicle. A moped has pedals like a bicycle. A moped has a low-powered engine that is capable of economical transportation. It has a small engine with low-speed capability. It can not ride on highways. It is designed to travel within the urban streets for safety. It is not safe to ride in moped on highways. The mopped has a maximum speed of 28mph.

Comparison Table Between Motorcycle and Moped

Parameters of ComparisonMotorcycleMoped
DefinitionA motorcycle is a two-wheeled vehicle with a high-speed motorA moped is a two-wheeled vehicle with pedals like a bicycle.
Engine sizeThe motorcycle has an engine of 250cc.A moped has an engine size of 50cc.
Drive typeMotorcycle has chain or beltMoped has chain
Cooling systemThe motorcycle has a liquid-cooled systemThe moped has an air-cooled system
Maximum torqueTorque starts at 25 nmTorque starts at 6.5 Nm
TransmissionThe motorcycle has a manual transmissionA moped has an automatic transmission

What is Motorcycle?

A motorcycle is a two-wheeler vehicle frequently called a bike. It works with an internal combustion engine. Edward Butler is the one who designed the first motorcycle with three wheels in 1884. It has a single horizontal gasoline engine that is connected by a chain to the rear wheel. There are three types of motorcycles, namely street, off-road, and dual-purpose.

In 1900, manufacturers covert the bicycles into pedaled cycles and then into a bike. They add a spark-ignition engine to the cycle for creating the bike. In 1907, Tourist trophy motorcycles races are held in the Isle of man. These events induce creativity in motorcycle inventors. It leads to a supercharge in the history of motorcycles. Inventors add multivalve engines on aerodynamic, and the body is structured by carbon fibers.

The two-stroke and four-stroke cycles are produced with four cylinders. Motorcycles have a displacement of 1800cc. Steel is often used in frames for motorcycles with the combination of tubes and sheets. Aluminum or steel is used in the making of wheels. Their weight is increased by graphite, composite, and magnesium. Automobiles tires are used in motorcycles for better performance. The stability and cornering ability are increased by the gyroscopic effects.

What is Moped

A moped is a small motorcycle with a low-speed engine. It is a bit faster than bicycles on the streets. It does not have the capability to travel on highways. It has different frame designs too. Most have similar look to the motorcycle but with pedals like bicycles. Unlike a motorcycle, a moped need not require a driving license. In simple, mopeds are motorized vehicles with pedals and provide low speed.

In 1952, the Swedish journalist Harald Nielsen coined the term moped which means pedal cycle with an engine. Mopeds are faster than bicycles but slower than motorcycles. It exactly has a frame-like bicycle. A moped has a 50cc engine type. The term moped is the combination of motor and pedal. “MO” from motor and “PED” from pedals. A moped is a fuel-powered single-cylinder engine.

The pedals transfer the energy to the rear wheel that produces the motion. The single-piston moped cannot produce high power that results in low speed. The speed of the moped is 28 miles per hour. The weight of the moped is 88 to 95 kg. It has a spoke wheel type with drum brakes. The fuel economy of moped is 140 to 170 miles per hour. A moped has a single-speed gearbox. The moped has no ABS with a kickstart type.

Main Differences Between Motorcycle and Moped

  1. A motorcycle is a two-wheeled vehicle with a high-speed motor, and a moped is a two-wheeled vehicle with pedals like a bicycle.
  2. The motorcycle has an engine of 250cc, and a moped has an engine size of 50cc.
  3. The motorcycle has a liquid-cooled system, and the moped has an air-cooled system.
  4. The motorcycle has a manual transmission, and a moped has an automatic transmission.
  5. Maximum torque of motorcycle starts at 25 nm, and the maximum torque of moped starts at 6.5 Nm.

Conclusion

Motorcycle and moped both are completely different. both have their unique features. Motorcycle or moped, if you ride in any of these wearing helmets in must. A driving license is a requirement for riding on motorcycles. Motorcycles can ride in highways. Mopeds have low speed engine. Every country have own rules and regulation for driving the motorcycles. Mopeds are small and compact. Mopeds are not capable to ride in highways with high speed. It is important to follow the road rules. There are hundreds of brands are available in both mopeds and motorcycles. Your needs and preferences can choose the best vehicles.

References

  1. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.3141/2031-09
  2. https://trid.trb.org/view/206149
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