Difference Between Part-Time and Casual Job (With Table)

Sometimes a full-time job is not our cup of tea, however, we do wish to be employed in some form of work. In situations like these, one can opt for either casual or part-time jobs. 

Both of these are varied from full-time jobs in terms of time, money, and benefits. They are individually different from each other as well. 

Part-Time Job vs Casual Job

The difference between a part-time job and a casual job is that part-time jobs have a fixed routine and added benefits and rights. On the other hand, casual workers have flexible hours and may work when they are free. However, casual workers don’t get added benefits that part-time workers do.

Part-time employees mostly have a fixed schedule and a prerequisite workload. They may also cover for someone absent on certain days or work overtime. These workers can take paid leaves and sick leave with prior notice. In addition, they also get a paid notice of termination. Basically, part-time employees work on a stable and consistent routine. 

Casual employees have a flexible and relatively easier workload and schedule. Casual workers don’t have fixed hours of work and may or may not be promised permanent employment in the organization they work for. They are free to come and go. Casual employees may be terminated without notice and don’t get paid leaves. 

Comparison Table Between Part-Time Job and Casual Job

Parameters of ComparisonCasual Job Part-Time Job
PayRemuneration is variable and generally lower than a part-time job.Salary is commonly higher as it is fixed and non-negotiable.
Time Involved The employee is free to go come and go as they wish. They have the liberty of selecting time slots that align with their schedule. The schedule is fixed. The employee has designated time slots in which they are expected to work.
FlexibilityQuite flexible as the schedule is not decided.Not very flexible as the employee needs to work by the routine.
SecurityJob security is lesser as they can be terminated without notice or pay. Can only be terminated with a paid notice.
BenefitsCant benefit from the company privileges as they are arent provided to such workers. For example, no paid leave or any insurance. They get to avail themselves of benefits specified in the contract such as leave with pay and other such leaves and insurances.

What is a Part-Time Job?

The part-time job requires the employee to work on a fixed schedule and on allotted projects specified by the company. The time invested is lesser than the time invested in a full-time job. The pay may also be part of what a full-time employee earns.

Employees under a part-time job, much like in a full-time job, are assured security and may also utilize the benefits given by the company such as insurance, monetary perks, or assigned leaves (like casual leave, paid leaves, etc.).

They also have the privilege of a paid termination, which means that once they are to be removed from their position, they are paid some amount and are given prior notice before termination. 

The employee working a part-time job may also be considered for a permanent position in the organization later on. Part-time jobs mostly attract parents, students, or retirees who don’t have the time or commitment to work a full-time job. 

If someone is seeking some experience before employing themselves for a full-time job, a part-time job is a perfect solution to make some money and gain important experience which would help us to put ourselves out there and tasting how the real thing would feel.

It would also show greatly on an application for a full-time job, in the same organization or another.

What is a Casual Job?

The casual job requires people who aren’t singularly focusing their time and energy on the work but may be available for some light assignments and give in their hours for some experience with lesser pay than what is paid in a part-time job. A casual worker is not expected to put in regular hours.

They are working based on need and not on a stipulated time. Casual workers also do not have the benefits and rights offered to regular employees.  These include rights like paid leave, annual leave, redundancy pay, or a notice of termination when fired from the job.

Such jobs are also short-termed and temporary and guarantee no hope for a permanent position in the future. 

The main employee circle of such jobs is students. Students from college or high school can work such jobs based on their skill sets and level of education.

This provides them with a basic salary and experience while at the same time helping maintain and manage their time flexibly alongside school or college whilst doing a job that doesn’t affect their regular schedule. 

Main Differences Between Casual Job and Part-Time Job

Most industries offer both part-time and casual jobs for people who aren’t willing to commit to a 9-5 job. In this, they are quite similar. But, amongst each other, they are very different. 

  1. Part-time jobs have fixed timings and schedules. They work on a systematic routine which is lesser still than what a full time employee commits to. 
  2. Casual workers however have no allotted routine and may come as go as they please. They may finish an assignment given to them in a duration that would be compliant to them.
  3. Part-time workers have added benefits and rights which they may avail. Casual employes dont get access to these.
  4. For example, part-time workers have access to paid leaves, casual leaves and other perks like bonuses and insurances. Casual workers mostly dont get these.
  5. Also, part-time employees are given prior paid notice of termination. This too, casual employees dont get and may be terminated without a notice.

Conclusion

In conclusion, part-time jobs are for those who are willing to commit to a strict routine and make a decent earning out of it. Casual jobs are for people who already have a busy schedule and need some extra cash or experience. 

Casual workers are mostly not looking for further venture in the organization they are working with, however, part-time employees hope for a permanent job if it is viable for them after their part-time tenure.

A part-time worker gets much more benefits than a casual worker as they are working more and it can be counted as an incentive. Casual workers don’t commit enough work to avail these rights, however, in some organizations, casual workers may benefit from such rights as well. However, this is uncommon.

Finally, it depends on the individual; their preferences and flexibility, of what they should opt for. If one has a busier routine and wants some light remuneration and experience, a casual job would be perfect.

However, if one requires a more serious and committing job to earn decent money and avail other rights, they may choose a part-time job.

References

  1. https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=6358116
  2. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/001979390505800401
x
2D vs 3D