Difference Between PowerPC and Intel (With Table)

Apple changed PowerPC to Intel in the year 2006. This transition of the microprocessor made the public take a choice between these two processors. PowerPC is developed by major three companies Apple, IBM, and Motorola. PowerPC was mainly used by Apple products. Intel chips are more efficient. It had brilliant performance and faster than PowerPC.

PowerPC vs Intel

The difference between PowerPC and Intel is PowerPC is a microprocessor that uses a RISC instruction set, whereas Intel uses a CISC architecture set. PowerPC is developed by Apple, IBM, and Motorola. Intel uses CISC architecture which has huge different complex instructions.

PowerPC is a cheap microprocessor that has RISC architecture. The processor is busy all the time in RISC architecture. PowerPC has a broad range, simple design, good architecture as features. It has a 64-bit architecture. It supports both little and big-endian mode. It has the benefit that it can switch any mode anytime. Floating-point registers have separate sets. The mode can be changed at any time. 8-bit bytes are taken by memory. Halfword has two consecutive bytes, the word is of four bytes, and doubleword is of eight bytes.

Intel chips consume more power as compared to PowerPC. Apple made a huge change when it switched from PowerPC to Intel. Intel is based on Nehalem-based architecture. Intel chips are more efficient. It had brilliant performance and faster than PowerPC. It supports hyperthreading in many devices. It has the most advanced technology used in it. The chips undergo numerous tests so that it proves that the chip can get through all types of circuits.

Comparison Table Between PowerPC and Intel

Parameters of ComparisonPowerPCIntel
DefinitionCheap microprocessorChip with greater performance
ArchitectureRISCCISC
Clock Rate1.6GHz3.47GHz
Basis Of ArchitecturePower-based architectureNehalem based architecture
Speed Per InstructionSlowFast

What is PowerPC?

PowerPC supports RISC architecture. It keeps the processor very busy every time. Floating-point registers have separate sets. The mode can be changed at any time. 8-bit bytes are taken by memory. Halfword has two consecutive bytes, the word is of four bytes, and doubleword is of eight bytes. Virtual Address Space can be used to write PowerPC programs.

Registers are present in the architecture. Data and addresses can be stored and manipulated using general registers. It consists of 32 general registers. Fixed length segments are in address space. PowerPC supports floating-point data. The floating-point unit is present for computation. There is a different type of allocations which include 8, 16, 34 and 64-bit binary numbers.

It has some instruction sets in which there are rules to follow. Decode the instructions by the first 6 bits, which are called primary opcode. There are remaining contain fields that hold specifiers, immediate, and many more reserved bits. The structure is very complex in PowerPC.

There are 200 machine instructions. It has two types of approaches for input and output operations. One is through address space, and the other through memory management. RISC is a reduced instruction set computer which keeps the processor busy all the time.

What is Intel?

Intel has changed rapidly in the last fourteen years. It is an American corporation company situated in California. It is competitive with other processors. It has high speed. The power consumption in Intel is very high. The QPI (Quick Path Interconnect) allows faster communication with the CPU. Intel chips consume more power as compared to PowerPC.

Apple made a huge change when it switched from PowerPC to Intel. Intel is based on Nehalem-based architecture. Intel chips are more efficient. It had brilliant performance and faster than PowerPC. It supports hyperthreading in many devices.

Fabrication is the process in which computer chips are made. It has the most advanced technology used in it. The chips undergo numerous tests so that it proves that the chip can get through all types of circuits. It tested several times under different procedures that it makes it suitable to deliver power and fit for all kinds of connections.

After all the test has been made, it is placed in the position in the motherboard or other devices. It ensures quality. Intel manufacturing is global and flexible done. Intel produces its chip and that too in their labs called Fabs.

Main Differences Between PowerPC and Intel

  1. Intel processors work faster than PowerPC.
  2. The clock rate of Intel is 3.47 GHz, whereas the clock rate of PowerPC is 1.6GHz.
  3. Intel has high power consumption as compared to PowerPC.
  4. PowerPC is based on Power-based architecture, whereas Intel is based on Nehalem-based architecture.
  5. PowerPC’s main feature is RISC computing, whereas Intel’s main feature is QPI technology.

Conclusion

PowerPC supports RISC architecture. It keeps the processor very busy every time. Floating-point registers have separate sets. The mode can be changed at any time. There is a different type of allocations which include 8, 16, 34 and 64-bit binary numbers. It has some instruction sets in which there are rules to follow. Decode the instructions by the first 6 bits, which are called primary opcode.

There are remaining contain fields that hold specifiers, immediate, and many more reserved bits. The structure is very complex in PowerPC. There are 200 machine instructions. It has two types of approaches for input and output operations.

The power consumption in Intel is very high. The QPI (Quick Path Interconnect) allows faster communication with the CPU. Intel chips consume more power as compared to PowerPC. Apple made a huge change when it switched from PowerPC to Intel. Intel is based on Nehalem-based architecture.

Intel chips are more efficient. After all the test has been made, it is placed in the position in the motherboard or other devices. It ensures quality. PowerPC is based on Power-based architecture, whereas Intel is based on Nehalem-based architecture. PowerPC is developed by major three companies Apple, IBM, and Motorola. PowerPC was mainly used by Apple products. Intel chips are more efficient. It had brilliant performance and faster than PowerPC.

References

  1. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/1430631/
  2. https://www.complang.tuwien.ac.at/andi/tuonly/SkriptPPC604.pdf
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