Difference Between Primary and General Election (With Table)

The fact that confuses most of the people is the terminology associated with an election. Primary and general elections are two types of elections that most people get confused in, and many people even tend to use these words interchangeably. But the truth is that these two words are completely different from one another, and there are a lot of differences that can be listed down between these two. 

Primary vs General Election 

The difference between a primary election and a general election is that the former refers to a kind of election in which the main goal happens too many miles the scope of competition among the candidates. But in the latter, the election process focuses upon selecting suitable candidates for the concerned position. Apart from this, these two differ a lot from one another in terms of purpose and strategy.  

A primary election, as the name itself, suggests a reference to a strategy followed in an election in which the candidates who are going to represent the party in the main elections are chosen among all the other competitors from the same party. In most cases, there are two major types of this particular election, and these types vary from country to country. 

But on the contrary, a general election refers to the main election that is conducted to fulfill the vacancy of any post. In this election, certain chosen candidates from various parties participate, and the people of the land choose between them the best candidate that happens to be the most suitable person for the concerned role. This election is also known as the main election as it happens to be the one responsible for filling the post in a particular office. 

Comparison Table Between Primary and General Election 

Parameters of Comparison  Primary Election  General Election  
Meaning  A kind of election that is conducted so that the competition could be faced between the candidates before appearing in the main election a kind of election that is conducted so that a particular pose in a particular office could be filled with a suitable candidate 
Another name  also known as primaries Also known as the main election 
Types  in totality, there are two types of this election namely open and closed primary election this election in itself is a complete whole process and no other subsection is available 
Purpose  the purpose of this election is to minimize the competition and to find a suitable candidate that could represent the party in the main election the purpose of this election is to find a suitable candidate for a particular post 
Importance  this election takes place inside the party this election takes place between different candidates belonging to different parties 
Scope  this election happens to hold a narrower scope this election happens to hold a wider scope 

What is Primary Election? 

Originated in the United States basically, the term primary election is also termed primaries in certain parts. This happens to be an election that takes place before an actual election for any post related to any office.  

In other words, before different candidates belonging to different parties fight with one another for any post, a primary election takes place between the party itself so that the best candidate from a party could be chosen to represent it in the main election.  

The process of this election follows the standard procedure along with the preference of people with respect to a particular candidate because, in the end, the motive is to send the best candidate in the main election. Depending on the procedure followed, this election can be categorized into two main categories, namely 

  1. Open primary election- in this election, the general public can cast its vote as to which candidate from a particular party it wishes to see in the main election. 
  2. Closed primary election- In this election, only the members belonging to a particular party are allowed to vote, and no outsider can take part. 

What is General Election? 

The term general election refers to the election that takes place in any country for any legislative body and happens to be the major election in its nature. Unlike the previous term, this election happens to be very crucial and cannot be avoided at any cost in any state. Talking about the nature of this election, it usually follows a proper schedule and is held at regular time intervals.  

This election decides the destiny of a particular post in the legislative body of any state or country as it chooses the candidate who is going to hold the position for the next four or five years. This election is usually supervised by an electoral body of the state and is carried out very carefully to avoid any discrepancies and to maintain total transparency and partiality throughout the process. 

In this election, the general public takes part and chooses that who is going to be the suitable candidate for any post in any governmental office. Looking from the perspective of competition, this election is contested between different candidates belonging to different parties, and only a few are chosen to represent their parties in their respective offices. 

Main Differences Between Primary and General Election 

  1. A primary election is also called primaries, while a general election is also known as the main election. 
  2. While the primary election takes place inside one political party or affiliation, the general election takes place between different competitors belonging to different parties. 
  3. A primary election can be categorized into two types, namely open and closed elections, but the general election carries no definite types. 
  4. A primary election carries a narrower scope as compared to the general election. 
  5. A primary election happens because the party wants the best candidate to represent it in the main election, but the general election takes place because a particular post belonging to a particular office needs to be filled with a suitable candidate. 

Conclusion 

There are many countries in the world that work upon different ideologies and strategies that are forming and implementing governance, but a very common feature among all of these is the factor of the election. Elections are a basic thing that can be found in almost all types of states and are very crucial to hold good governance in an area. 

Primary and general election are two terms that are widely referred to in many countries when it comes to an election. Talking about the first one, it takes place when the party wants an internal competition before the actual competition. This election determines which candidate of a particular party is going to represent it in a particular election. But as far as the second one is concerned, it is all about selecting the perfect candidate for a particular post, and it takes place between multiple candidates belonging to multiple parties. 

References 

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261379407000479  
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.3162/036298007X201994  
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