The computer market is dominated by Microsoft and its Windows operating system. It was the first company that made personal computers available for most households and small businesses.
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For this reason, personal computers have become the most common analytical device on this planet.
Along with the analytical process, the computer also stores lots of information in its hard drive. Most hard disks use two types of configuration to store the information in it.
These configurations are basic disk and dynamic disks. Although both of these configuration store data efficiently, but they work on different principles and offer different features.
Basic Disk vs Dynamic Disk
The difference between Basic Disk and Dynamic Disk is that the basic disk is a traditional Window-based hard disk data storage configuration which uses MBR and GPT partition where partition extension is not possible, while a dynamic disk is a latest data configuration format which uses LDM and VDS features where partition extension is possible.
|Parameter of Comparison||Basic Disk||Dynamic Disk|
|What is it||Traditional data storage configuration on a hard disk that uses the Master Boot Record (MBR) partition and GUID Partition Table (GPT) partition format.||The latest data storage configuration which uses LDM (Logical Disk Manager) and VDS (Virtual Disk Service) features for data volume management.|
|Boot loaders Support||Yes||No|
|Mutual conversion||Is possible without any data loss.||Not possible with data loss.|
|Partition size extension||Cannot be extended||Can be extended|
What is Basic Disk?
A basic disk is a hard drive configuration that us primary partitions and logical drives for data storage. Generally, the Windows operating system uses this type of hard disk configuration.
It is a straightforward data storage solution. The benefit of using such a system is that it offers a useful array of altering data storage space solutions.
Another benefit of basic disks is that it can also accommodate clustered and USB drives with the current system. The basic disks also support backward compatibility and all versions of the Windows operating system support this configuration of the hard disk.
A hard disk with basic disk configuration supports two types of partition.
These are the Master Boot Record (MBR) partition and GUID Partition Table (GPT) partition. On one hand, MBR partition uses the standard BIOS partition table for creating a hard disk layout. On another hand, GPT partition uses UEFI for hard disk layout.
A basic disk uses boot loaders. For this reason, a hard disk with basic disk configuration supports multi-boot configuration. It means the hard disk can be booted with multiple configurations, which poses a serious data security threat.
Converting a basic disk to a dynamic disk is possible without any data loss. This process is known as mutual conversion.
What is Dynamic Disk?
The primary feature of dynamic disks is the capability of creating mirrored and RAID-5 volumes. This type of hard disk configuration offers fault-tolerant volume creation.
With the evolution of dynamic disks, it is now possible to create large data volumes that spread through multiple disks.
A user can have greater flexibility of data volume management with dynamic disk configuration. For data volume management solution, dynamic disks use LDM (Logical Disk Manager) and VDS (Virtual Disk Service) features.
The maximum limitation of dynamic volumes on a system is up to 2000. However, it is recommended to use less than 32 dynamic volumes in a system.
The benefit of the dynamic disk is the ability to reactivate a missing or offline disk. It is also much easier to repair RAID-5 data volumes with dynamic disks.
On dynamic disks, a user can also break the mirrored data volume into two volumes. Multi-partition data volume support is only available on dynamic disks.
The dynamic disk does not support boot loaders. For this reason, a hard disk configured with a dynamic system cannot be switched between multiple operating systems. It provides extra security for stored data volume.
The mutual conversion feature is also not available on dynamic disk configuration. Therefore, it is required to delete all volumes on the dynamic disk before converting it to a basic disk.
Main Differences Between Basic Disk and Dynamic Disk
- A basic disk is a traditional hard disk data storage configuration that uses MBR and GPT partition format. On the other hand, the dynamic disk is the latest data configuration format that uses LDM and VDS features.
- Due to backward compatibility, basic disk format supports every typed of Windows-based operating system. However, the dynamic disk does not support backward compatibility and only works with a few Windows-based operating systems.
- Boot loader support is available on a basic disk. For this reason, on basic disk configured hard drive it is possible to switch between multiple operating systems. On the other hand, the dynamic disk does not support boot loaders. It is not possible to switch between multiple operating systems with dynamic disk configuration.
- Through the mutual conversion process, basic disk to dynamic disk transfer without any data loss is possible. But, dynamic disk to basic disk transfer is not possible without a complete data delete process.
- With basic disk format, the partition size extension is not possible after creation. However, the partition size extension is possible with a dynamic disk.
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