Bread vs Toast – Difference Between Bread and Toast

Bread is the symbol of civilization. Human societies came into existence with the discovery of this incredible baked meal. Bread is a universal food in that it can be used for making practically any kind of meal, be it for breakfast, lunch, a daytime snack, or supper. There are different types of bread as well as different processes of making bread.

Bread vs Toast

The main difference between Bread and Toast is that Bread is only baked once so that the raw and sticky dough becomes firm and cooked. On the other hand, Toast is the bread that is baked twice. By baking twice the surface of bread becomes crispy and it develops a crunchy texture.

Bread and Toast

Bread is a baked meal that is prepared from wheat flour. Wheat flour is mixed with oil, water, and yeast to prepare the dough. The dough is made to rise in a damp environment so that it develops air pockets on the interior. This dough is then baked and cooked in an oven.

Toast is the bread that has been baked twice. The bread dough is baked once to make bread, then the prepared bread is baked once again to make the surface crispy and the texture crunchy. By baking, twice the texture of the product becomes crunchy and brittle and it develops a nutty taste.

Comparison Between Bread and Toast

Parameters of Comparison BreadToast
Definition Bread is a baked product made from wheat flourToast is the bread that has been baked twice 
Texture Bread has a chewy and soft texture Toast has a crunchy and brittle texture 
Aroma Bread has a fruity and milky aroma Toast usually has the aroma of caramelized sugar 
Taste Bread is usually mildly sweet Toast usually has a nutty taste 
Sugar content Bread usually has a high sugar content Toasted bread usually has lower sugar content than untoasted bread

What is Bread?

Bread is the most basic and arguably the most popular baked food product in the world. It is enjoyed by billions all over the world and it is the symbol of human civilizations. Bread marks the beginning of human society as before its discovery, humans did not live as a society. 

Bread is a baked product and it is prepared from wheat flour. Wheat grains are first processed in a mill to break down the grains into a fine powder. This powder is known as wheat flour. 

The wheat flour is mixed with water, oil, yeast, and additionally either with milk or sugar to create dough. The yeast helps the dough rise by decomposing the sugar and producing air inside the dough.

Once the dough has risen, it is baked in an oven at the appropriate temperature. The temperature of baking depends on the type of grains used for making the dough. Once baked, the outer surface of the break develops a golden-brown color and the interior becomes chewy.

Thus the dough goes from raw and sticky to cooked and chewy. The chewiness and stretchiness of the bread depend on the amount of gluten present in the bread, as more gluten, the chewier the bread gets.

What is Toast?

Toast is a baked product that is enjoyed all over the world. It is prepared from bread and is typically eaten with soup, coffee, or tea. As it is a bread product, it contains the same nutrients as bread, although the quantity of the nutrients may vary.

Toast is the bread that is baked twice. Bread is prepared by baking the bread dough once. After the dough is cooked and has become firm, it is baked once again to make the surface crispy and the texture crunchy.

As bread is baked twice, the chewiness and stretchiness of the bread reduce. Thus toasted bread is not chewy, rather it is brittle and crunchy. Thus with baking, the gluten content of bread also reduces slightly.

The major difference between toast and bread in terms of taste and nutritional content can be observed in the amount of sugar present in both products. With baking, the amount of sugar in bread gets reduced and thus toasted bread is generally not as sweet as untoasted bread.

Toasted bread has a more nutty and earthy taste. While toasting bread, the temperature must be maintained to an appropriate level, as too high a temperature can burn the bread.

Main Differences Between Bread and Toast

  1. Bread is baked product made from wheat flour. Toast is bread that has been baked twice
  2. Bread has a chewy and soft texture. Toast has a crunchy and brittle texture
  3. Bread has fruity and milky aroma. Toast usually has the aroma of caramelised sugar
  4. Bread is usually mildly sweet. Toast usually has a nutty taste
  5. Bread usually has high sugar content. Toasted bread usually has lower sugar content than untoasted bread

Conclusion

Bread is one of the oldest food products in the world. It has been prepared and eaten around the world for hundreds of years. There are different ways of baking bread and different countries and regions have their variations of this classic baked product.

Regular bread is prepared by mixing wheat flour and water to make a dough. The dough is baked once to cook dough and make it firm. Bread typically has a sweet taste and is chewy.

Toast is made by baking regular bread once again. The second bake gives the toast a crunchy interior and crisp exterior. The texture becomes brittle and the taste also changes slightly.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814699001235
  2. http://www.agris.upm.edu.my:8080/dspace/handle/0/12803
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