Chickpea vs Almond: Difference and Comparison

Healthy food and diet are necessary for an individual to stay healthy and fit. A balanced diet constitutes or is filled with every type of nutrition necessary for our body, such as vitamins, minerals, fats, carbohydrates, proteins, etc. Many food items have one or more nutrient or sometimes contains all the nutrients, like – legumes, nuts, dairy products, fruits, and green vegetables.

Key Takeaways

  1. Chickpeas are a type of legume, whereas almonds are nuts.
  2. Chickpeas are a rich source of protein and fiber, while almonds are a good source of healthy fats, protein, and vitamin E.
  3. Chickpeas are a common ingredient in hummus and falafel, while almonds are commonly consumed as a snack or used in baked goods.

Chickpea vs Almond

The difference between Chickpea and Almond is that Chickpea belongs to the Fabaceae family, which is a legume family, while the other hand Almond belongs to the Rosaceae family, which is the Rose family, which is a flowering family. Chickpeas is a legume used or eaten raw or boiled, and the rest plant part is used as fodder, while Almond is a type of nut that is mostly eaten raw and is used in making cuisine and sweet dishes.

Chickpea vs Almond

Chickpea is one of the members of the leguminous plants or legume family. The scientific name for the chickpea authorized by IUPAC is Cicer arietinum. They belong to the Fabaceae family (legume family), which was earlier known as Leguminosae. The nutritional value of chickpeas is rich in proteins and fats. 

Almond is one of the healthiest nuts referred to for good health by doctors and experts. The nutrient values and calories of it are quite high and rich. The protein and fat content of the almond is quite high. The scientific name of the Almond authorized by IUPAC is Prunus dulcis. 

 Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonChickpeaAlmond
Scientific NameCicer arietinumPrunus dulcis
Family Fabaceae – legume or pea familyRosaceae – rose family
Caloric Density1.645.75
Protein (per 100g) 20g21.15g
Fats (per 100g) 6g49.93g

What is Chickpea?

Chickpea is also widely known as gram which has different varieties and species known to the world. The known names and varieties include Bengal gram, garbanzo gram, and Egyptian gram. The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is responsible for the nomenclature assigned to every organism known; thus, the scientific name assigned to chickpea is Cicer arietinumIndia, the Mediterranean, and the Middle East use chickpeas as an important key product in meals. 

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Chickpea belongs to the family Fabaceae which was earlier known as Leguminosae and commonly known as the legume family or pea family. Chickpeas are high in calcium, dietary fibre, iron, potassium, calories, etc. The amount of folate present in chickpeas is quite high. 

The morphology of the plant is that the length of the plant of chickpea is about 25-50 cm in height, erect, and bushy. The leaf of the chickpea is somewhat elliptical or ovate. The body of the stem is covered with hair, and the color of the flowers varies from white to pink. 

Chickpea has varied uses like – use as fodder to feed animals because of their richness in protein, and the stems can be eaten if cultivated at an early stage, the seed or the chickpea can be consumed raw, roasted, or boiled, and the chickpea flour is used in making falafel, also a key ingredient of chana masala and hummus. 

chickpea

What is Almond?

Almond is a species of tree, and the fruit of the tree is known as a drupe. The native origin of the almond is said to be Iran and the other countries surrounding it. Almonds do have different varieties, and thus that the pricing of them is placed accordingly. The scientific name of the Almond that has been given by the International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is Prunus dulcis.

Almonds are rich in nutrient value, such as protein, fats, calcium, dietary fiber, iron, magnesium, potassium, and calories. Almonds are reportedly having a high amount of riboflavin and niacin present in them. They are also a rich source of Vitamin E. The reported calories per 100g of almond is about 579 calories. 

The plant morphology of almonds is that it grows up to a height of about 4-10 m. The twigs of the tree in the initial periods are green, then due to the exposure to sunlight, turn purple and then grey in their second year. The leaf of the plant is serrate, and the flowers have different colors varying from white to pale pink color. The seed of the plant called a drupe, is also the nut widely known to be as for itself that is almond. The outer covering of the shell is hard, and inside is the ‘almond’ which is consumed. 

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Almonds are used in a variety of Indian cuisines, and they are the favourite ingredient for the sweet dish. It is also used in extracting oil which is rich in Vitamin E and is widely used as hair oil. It can be consumed raw or toasted. It is also a favourite choice of ingredient in the world-famous cuisines.  

almond

Main Differences Between Chickpea and Almond

  1. The scientific name for the chickpea given by IUPAC is Cicer arietinumwhile on the other hand, the scientific name for the almond given by IUPAC is Prunus dulcis
  2. Chickpea belongs to the family name called Fabaceae, which was earlier known as Leguminosae, while comparatively, on the other hand, Almond belongs to the family name called Rosaceae, which is also known as the flowering plant family. 
  3. The caloric density of the Chickpea is approximately 1.64, while the caloric density of the Almond is around and approximately 5.75.
  4. The amount of protein present per 100g in chickpeas is 20g, while the amount of protein present per 100g in almonds is 21.15g. 
  5. The number of fats present per 100g in chickpeas is 6g, while the number of fats present per 100g in the almonds is 49.93g.  
Difference Between Chickpea and Almond

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0023643820304680
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0308814613014040
  3. http://pcwww.liv.ac.uk/~easouti/pdfs/Asouti_Fairbairn_2002_Canew.pdf
  4. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0023643821006241

Last Updated : 01 July, 2023

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27 thoughts on “Chickpea vs Almond: Difference and Comparison”

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