Difference Between Chickpea and Green Pea (With Table)

Our body needs proteins, carbohydrates, etc., on a daily basis for building up muscles and other body cells. For that purpose, doctors recommend we eat green vegetables, legumes, and lentils, etc. Different types of vegetables provide us different types of nutrients like some are rich in proteins, and some are carbohydrates etc.

Chickpea and green pea are types of legumes that are consumed by human beings for building up proteins and carbohydrates etc. Legumes are dry grains like peanuts, peas, etc., that help us to gain proteins and nutrients. We can also eat them without cooking or raw.

Chickpea vs Green Pea

The difference between Chickpea and Green pea is that Chickpea belongs to the legume family, and it is yellow in color having spherical to angular shape. While the Green pea is mostly green in color and has a spherical shape with a lifecycle of one year, not more than that.

Chickpea is a leguminous seed-like grain spherical or angular in shape and is available in yellow, black colors, etc. They absorb water very easily and become soft. Animals are mostly fed with these types of legumes. It is also known as gram in most Asian countries.

Green peas are very nutritional and are low in saturated fat. They also belong to the legume family, but they have different features. It is a pod fruit which means it comes inside a folded leguminous plant which, when torn apart, contains peas lined together.

Comparison Table Between Chickpea and Green Pea

Parameters of ComparisonChickpeaGreen Pea
DefinitionChickpea is an edible legume that is yellow in color and can have a spherical to angular shape. Green pea also belongs to the family of legumes green in color available in spherical shapes.’
FamilyBelongs to the Fabaceae family or Leguminosae family.It also belongs to the Fabaceae family or Leguminosae family.
ColorChickpeas are mostly yellow in color but can also have a black color, pale yellow color, etc.Green peas are green in color, sometimes light green, but mostly dark green.
Nutritional Value1. Protein= 21%
2. Carbohydrate= 65%
3. Fat= 14%
4. Linoleic acid= 1.113g
1. Protein= 26%
2. Carbohydrate= 69%
3. Fat= 5%
4. Linoleic acid= 0.152g
KingdomIt belongs to the kingdom of Plantae. It also belongs to the kingdom of Plantae.
Scientific nameChickpea can also be called scientifically as Cicer arietinum. Green pea is scientifically known as Pisum sativum.
Taste Most of the time it has no taste.It can be slightly sweet or can have a neutral taste.

What is Chickpea?

Chickpea belongs to a legume family and is also called a gram in many Asian countries. Most of the food items are made using Chickpeas. Their nutrient value is slightly less than Green pea. The widely used Asian chana masala has Chickpea as its main ingredient.

Chickpeas are consumed mostly in Asian counties as most of the food items in these types of countries are made using Chickpeas. Scientifically Chickpeas are called Cicer arietinum. They usually don’t have any strong taste when eaten raw. The fat percentage in them is high as compared to Green peas.

Chickpea origin is said to be in Turkey. The Chickpea plant is 20-40 cm in height ad it comes in the category of pulses or grains. Mostly it is produced in India and then exported to other countries.

What is Green Pea?

Green pea is a pod fruit and is highly nutritious. Because of its less fat content, it is mostly recommended when someone is dieting. They have a spherical shape and are green in color. The life expectancy of these types of plants is not more than one year.

Green pea can have some tastes like the sweet or neutral taste. They are scientifically nomenclature as Pisum sativum. They can be eaten raw or uncooked as they are soft and have a neutral taste. Green pea’s weight can vary from 0.1 to 0.35 gram depending on their size and growth.

Green pea is mostly available in winters because their cultivation season is winter. The pea plant can self pollinate, and its color may vary from green to light golden color.

Main Differences Between Chickpea and Green Pea

  1. Chickpea belongs to the legume family, and it is yellow in color having spherical to angular shape. While the Green pea is mostly green in color and has a spherical shape with a lifecycle of one year, not more than that.
  2. Green Peas can be slightly sweet or can have a neutral taste depending on their growth. On the other hand, Chickpeas, most of the time, has no taste.
  3. Chickpea is also known scientifically as Cicer arietinum. Whereas the scientific name of Green pea is Pisum sativum.
  4. Green peas are green in color, sometimes light green but mostly dark green depending on their growth and environment. While Chickpeas are mostly yellow in color but can also have a black color, pale yellow color, etc.
  5. Green pea belongs to the legume family and has higher proteins and carbohydrate content. Whereas Chickpea also belongs to the legume family, the nutrient content in them is less than Green pea.

Conclusion

The pure form of nutrients is very necessary for the human body. That is why doctors advise us to eat green vegetables and grains as much as possible. The artificial or powdered form of the nutrient might help us fulfill our nutrient needs but can cause side effects if not taken from a good source or quality source. Therefore every person should make a habit of eating vegetables and dry grains in their daily routine.

Chickpea and Green pea both belong to the legume family and are very nutritious. Chickpea has a spherical or angular shape and is light yellow in color, but the color may vary according to its variant. Whereas the Green pea is green in color and is mostly found inside a pod fruit. Green pea is more nutritious as compared to Chickpea.

 Raw Green pea is edible, but in the case of Chickpeas, the raw edibility may vary depending on its type. But when it comes to making various kinds of food items, Chickpea is mostly preferred over Green pea.

References

  1. http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/2728/
  2. https://www.jstor.org/stable/4046046
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