Difference Between Czechoslovakia and The Czech Republic (With Table)

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Both of them are countries that were established in the 20th century. The two countries have a shared history since one of them is a parent country which means that it was divided into parts peaceful. Czechoslovakia was divided into the Czech Republic and Slovakia because of the differences between them. 

Czechoslovakia vs The Czech Republic

The main difference between Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic is that they cover different areas of governance. Czechoslovakia was in central Europe and was a sovereign state whereas the Czech Republic is in the west part of Czechoslovakia and is surrounded by Slovakia on the East, Germany in the Northwest, etc. 

Czechoslovakia was a country in Central Europe which was formed in 1918 after it gained independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire and was established by October. The country does not exist anymore due to the fights between people of different ethnicity. The country has changed its political status many times that is from democratic to communist and vice versa. 

The Czech Republic lies on the west side of the original country Czechslovakia and has developed since then. It is said to be one of the safest countries and comes at third position in being peaceful. The infant mortality rate is low that has proven that the people are in good health. The country was made in 1993. 

Comparison Table Between Czechoslovakia and The Czech Republic

Parameters of ComparisonCzechoslovakiaThe Czech Republic
Established inThe country was established in 1918.The country was established in 1993 after the division of Czechoslovakia.
Why was it established?It was established after freeing itself from Austro-Hungarian Empire and was the only democratic country after World War-2It was established after the ethnic difference between the Czech Republic and Slovakia. 
PositionIt was in the centre of Europe and acquired the land of Bohemia, Moravia, etc.It acquires the left side of Czechoslovakia and was formerly known as Bohemia and is surrounded by countries like Slovakia and Germany.
Ethnicity presentThe country had a diverse ethnicity which included Germans, Slovaks, Moravians, Czech, etc.The country mainly comprises Czechs and has other ethnicities in a small percentage.
Political statusThe country changed its political status several times from democratic to communist in 1948 and regained democracy after Velvet Revolution.The country always deemed itself as democratic and comes at third position in terms of peace and is one of the safest countries. 

What is Czechoslovakia?

Czechoslovakia is a country that was situated in the centre of Europe and was considered to be one of the most peaceful countries. The country also did not give up its democratic status during World War II. The country was divided into two parts due to the differences in the ethnicity of the people. 

Czechoslovakia is considered to be made in 1918 after they freed themselves from the Austro-Hungarian Empire in which they had struggled for a long time and this had happened after the collapse of the Habsburg empire. The country was established on the lands of Bohemia, Moravia, etc. and constituted of people of many ethnicities like Czech, Moravians and others who were in a small percentage like Germans, Silesians and Slovaks.

The country was divided by the Velvet Divorce which happened due to many reasons. One of the best parts of the divorce was that it was peaceful and did not cause a civil war. Czechoslovakia was divided because the politicians of both the countries could not decide from where the country had to be ruled as well as what the country needed. The Czech and Slovaks had a difference in opinion upon the capital also. The difference led to the split and both the countries had an independent government.

What is The Czech Republic?

The Czech Republic is a sub-division of the Czechoslovakia district and was made in 1993 when the country was divided by the velvet divorce because of some of the conditions. The country is situated in the centre of Europe on the west side of Czechoslovakia and was formerly known as Bohemia. The state is surrounded by countries like Germany, Slovakia, etc.

The Czech Republic has the most people of Czech ethnicity and also include many others in a small percentage like the Germans, and others are unknown. One of the major reasons for the establishment of the country was the difference in opinion of the people. The Czech were happy to rule the country from Prague. The Slovaks and Czech could not conclude how they wanted the country to look like. 

The Czech Republic is very famous for the safety it provides to its citizens as well as visitors. It is on the third number in the most peaceful countries and was set up as a democratic from the start. By a survey about the infant mortality rate, it was also concluded that they have a proper health system. The country is developed and often called as economically well. The people are rich and can afford the necessities and unemployment is reduced.

Main Differences Between Czechoslovakia and The Czech Republic

  1. Czechoslovakia was founded in 1918 and the Czech Republic was established in 1993 by the division of Czechoslovakia.
  2. The main reason for the formation of Czechoslovakia was that it had freed itself from the Austro-Hungarian empire whereas the Czech Republic was made because of the difference between Czech and Slovakia political heads over the country’s future.
  3. Czechoslovakia was in the centre of Europe and acquired the land of Bohemia, Moravia, etc. whereas the Czech Republic acquires the left side of Czechoslovakia and was formerly known as Bohemia and is surrounded by countries like Slovakia and Germany.
  4. Czechoslovakia had a diverse ethnicity which included Germans, Slovaks, Moravians, Czech, etc. In comparison to this, the Czech Republic mainly comprises Czechs and has other ethnicities in a small percentage.
  5. Czechoslovakia changed its political status several times from democratic to communist in 1948 and regained democracy after Velvet Revolution whereas the Czech Republic always deemed itself as democratic and comes at third position in terms of peace and is one of the safest countries. 

Conclusion

The Czech Republic differs in a few ways from Czechoslovakia because it is its part but there are some major differences. The Czech Republic was founded in 1993 after the Velvet Divorce whereas the other one was formed after the fall of the dynasty. Both the countries have always been safe and it was a major reason for the split up to be peaceful. The countries also greatly differ in their ethnicity as well as culture. The similarity is that they both have the same capital Prague and have been democratic after World War. Czechoslovakia had changed its political status several times due to the Nazi government in Germany but the Czech Republic was always democratic and free. 

References 

  1. https://www.academia.edu/download/45037310/o04cz.pdf
  2. https://heinonline.org/hol-cgi-bin/get_pdf.cgi?handle=hein.journals/iicl7&section=13
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