Difference Between Flu and Influenza (With Table)

Keeping the body healthy is the most important thing in today’s time. Recently, the problems of the people are increasing due to the increasing epidemic. A lot of attention is needed to protect the body from all kinds of bad viruses. Similarly, many viral infections are affecting our respiratory system, digestive system, and other parts of the body. Influenza disease, which is a viral infection, affects the respiratory system, nose, throat, lungs with its attack. Influenza is also known as flu, but there are some differences between the two.

Flu vs Influenza

The difference between Flu and Influenza is that flu is a broad representation word related to the respiratory passage while influenza is a narrow representation word for intrathoracic infection. Flu is a type of infectious disease that causes cold and headache and fever, whereas influenza is also a type of viral infection caused by the influenza virus. 

Flu is a continuous disease with lower intrathoracic infection generally associated with diarrhea. Flu is transmitted through droplet infection from an infected person or through contaminated objects. The period of infection is 4 to 9 days. Antihistamines and decongestants are used to treat flu. At this time, doctors recommend full bed rest and fluid intake. Nowadays vaccines are also available to treat flu.

Influenza is commonly referred to as the flu, which is itself caused by infection with the influenza virus. It is so deadly that sometimes it even causes death. The viruses are transmitted through inhalation of droplets from an infected person or through contaminated objects (droplet infection). The incubation period of the infection is 1-4 days.

Comparison Table Between Flu and Influenza

Parameters of comparisonFluInfluenza
DefinitionFlu is a continuous disease with lower intrathoracic infection generally associated with diarrhea.Influenza is an upper respiratory tract disease caused by Influenza Virus.
SymptomsThe symptoms are high fever, chills, headache, dizziness, sore throat, running nose, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, trouble breathing.The general symptoms are sore throat, headache, fever, sneezing, pain all over the body, nasal discharge.
Recovery    The recovery period may be large in the flu.The recovery period is short in influenza. 
Treatment Antihistamines and decongestants are used to treat flu.Influenza is generally treated with Paracetamol.
Incubation period The period of the infection is 4 to 9 days.The period of the infection is 1-4 days.

What is Flu?

Flu is a continuous disease with lower intrathoracic infection generally associated with diarrhea. Flu is transmitted through droplet infection from an infected person or through contaminated objects. The period for this infection is 4 to 9 days.

The symptoms are high fever, chills, headache, dizziness, sore throat, running nose, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, trouble breathing. Paracetamol and Metrogyl are given to reduce fever and diarrhea. At this time, doctors recommend full bed rest and fluid intake. Nowadays vaccines are also available to treat flu.

There are a few things to keep in mind when treating the flu. Mainly in this condition, the doctor recommends rest. Along with that, it is advised to consume fluids so that the body can fight and survive the infection. In such a situation, taking paracetamol improves its symptoms. But avoid taking NSAIDs. To prevent the flu, a vaccine is also given annually, which limits the problems caused by it and prevents it.

T cells are present in our body. When any virus invades our body, then these cells recognize them. And thus it starts spreading in the throat and lungs to fight them. This causes swelling in the area which gives a feeling of pain. After some time these cells kill and eliminate those viruses from the lungs. This is why the flu hurts so much.

What is Influenza?

Influenza is an upper respiratory tract disease caused by viral infections. Influenza is an upper airway infection caused by Influenza Virus. The infected area is the nose and respiratory passage. The viruses are transmitted through inhalation of droplets from an infected person or through contaminated objects (droplet infection). The incubation period of the infection is 1-4 days.  The general symptoms are sore throat, headache, fever, sneezing, pain all over the body, nasal discharge. 

Generally treated with Paracetamol. Antihistamines and decongestants are used to treat flu. Nowadays vaccines are available to treat it annually. Influenza is a narrow representation word for intrathoracic infection. 

Before getting influenza, some symptoms emerge from which it is known that you have influenza. These symptoms come suddenly and make the body weak day by day. The body feels tired at this time. This fatigue can last up to three weeks. Symptoms of its worsening are known when the fever starts increasing rapidly in the body, and difficulty in breathing is felt. In this way the body becomes weak.

Influenza is fatal for people over 65 years of age. Their body is unable to protect itself from this infection. This time is considered difficult for them. If influenza occurs in older people, then they can also become a victim of pneumonia or it can also lead to their death.

Main Differences Between Flu and Influenza

  1. In general, flu is a broad representation word related to the respiratory passage while influenza is a narrow representation word for intrathoracic infection.
  2. The symptoms of flu are worse than influenza. Symptoms in flu are more intense and begin more abruptly while influenza has less association of symptoms.
  3. Flu may result in serious health problems while influenza is not known for such.
  4. The dominant symptom of flu is diarrhea which is not seen in influenza cases that is why electrolytes replenishers are preferred in flu.
  5. The recovery period may be large in flu while it is very short in the case of influenza.
  6.  Flu is treated with medicinal care while influenza may or may not.

Conclusion

So here we conclude that both are different from each other. Influenza and flu, both are respiratory diseases, the difference is the symptoms of flu are worse than influenza. Symptoms in flu are more intense and begin more abruptly while influenza has less association of symptoms. Only a runny nose is more severe in influenza while it is mild in flu. Flu may result in serious health problems while influenza is not known for such. The dominant symptom of flu is diarrhea which is not seen in influenza cases that is why electrolytes replenishers are preferred in flu. The recovery period may be large in flu while it is very short in the case of influenza. Flu is treated with medicinal care while influenza may or may not.

References

  1. https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/D11-1145.pdf
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S074937970900806X
  3. https://bmcecolevol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2148-10-99
x
2D vs 3D