Difference Between Gardening and Agriculture

Plants are grown in both gardenings as well as agriculture. The vegetation can be eaten or utilized for various purposes. However, certain plants are not utilized for food. Flowers might be one example of this in gardening. It might be flowers, silk, or nicotine in agriculture, among other things. Despite some similarities, both of them have some distinct features which separate the two.

Gardening vs Agriculture

The main difference between gardening and agriculture is that gardening is mainly done as a pastime, except for a few circumstances where it is considered an element of horticulture. Agriculture, on the contrary side, is conducted as a commercial enterprise with the purpose of profit. That business can be small, such as selling your crops at a farmer’s market.

Gardening vs Agriculture

Gardening, often known as horticulture, is the process of growing and tending plants. It requires active engagement in plant growth and is typically labor-intensive, distinguishing it from agriculture or logging. Gardening has been shown to provide several health advantages. Being outside boosts your sensitivity to Vitamin D, and gardening is a muscle mass workout that is healthy for your joints and lungs.

Agriculture refers to the practice of farming crops or rearing livestock. The agriculture industry includes everyone who operates as a farmer. Agriculture derives from the Latin words agri, which means “field,” and cultura, which means “cultivation.” Agriculture is generally defined as cultivating a plot of land or establishing and raising food plants on it. In principle, these enterprises seek to maximize the financial gain from grain, vegetables, or cattle.

Comparison Table Between Gardening and Agriculture

Parameters of ComparisonGardeningAgriculture
PartsIt is a part of an industry.It is an industry.
Done onSmall enclosuresLarge enclosures
UsesNot for humans, mostlyFor human consumption, mostly
What does it doPlant cultivationPlant cultivation, as well as animal farming
PurposesDone for personal reasons, mostly.Done for professional reasons, mostly.

What is Gardening?

Whether you’re strolling through an arboretum or mowing your lawn, it’s difficult to dispute that gardens, in principle, have a broad acceptance. Something about the existence of gardening in our life improves our sometimes bleak modern environment. Much of this is due to something inherent in humans: intuitive respect for the natural environment. 

Gardening is beneficial in a variety of ways. It may be beneficial to your health, your environment, and the animals in your garden. It’s an excellent way to de-stress, create objectives for yourself, and nurture something. Furthermore, producing your vegetables is a terrific method to become more ecological at home and to lessen your carbon footprint.

Gardening is also a wonderful activity. It’s something you can do week in and week out, season after season, and even far into your golden years. Even if you don’t have large garden beds or a large backyard, you may grow inside and on a lesser level. As a result, gardening is both a diverse and healthful activity. 

In terms of psychological health, gardening has been demonstrated to reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s and to be a sort of treatment for people who currently have it. This might be related to the mental health advantages we get from being outside. Gardens, by nature of their human-made origin, provide us with a method to feel a sense of belonging to nature.

What is Agriculture?

Agriculture, often known as farming, is the streamlining of nature’s food chain as well as the rerouting of resources for human cultivation and creature consumption. To put it simply, agriculture is the process of diverting nature’s natural movement of the food chain. The sun supplies light to plants, which is the logical progression of the food web. 

Plants turn sunlight into sugars, which they use to grow. Plants offer food for herbivores, who in turn give food to predators. Plants and animals that have perished are broken down by decomposing organic matter or bacteria. Plant and animal minerals are returned to the soil, and the cycle begins again. When it comes to agriculture, this network is disrupted. Instead of being eaten by animals, the plants are safeguarded for human use. 

This implies that not only plant-eating creatures but also predatory animals and dead organisms are removed from the food web. If, on the other hand, a farmer plants corn to feed his cattle, the animals consume the corn to plump up before being butchered for direct utilization. Even if a herbivore consumes the plant, the web is disrupted whenever the cow is slaughtered for human food. 

Agriculture is much more than just producing goods. It entails being current with developments and technologies, as well as conducting research and development of new crops and methods to enhance them. To be effective in agriculture, you must also understand business methods and how to promote things to profit from them.

Main Differences Between Gardening and Agriculture

  1. Gardening is a part of an industry like horticulture but agriculture is a whole industry in itself and is not a part of any other industry.
  2. Gardening is mostly done in small enclosed spaces whereas agriculture is done in large enclosures.
  3. The items produced from gardening are not intended for human consumption whereas the items produced from agriculture are mainly to serve humans.
  4. Gardening mainly involves the cultivation of plants and flowers but agriculture does not only mean the cultivation of plants and flowers but also animal farming.
  5. Gardening is done for personal satisfaction whereas agriculture is done for commercial purposes.


To summarise, gardening and agriculture share many similarities, but they also have significant distinctions that set them apart. Gardening is frequently thought to be a subset of agriculture, however, agriculture encompasses a broader range of activities than gardening. Growing plants for profit is one of agriculture’s primary goals, but agriculture entails much more. 

Gardening is often done as a pastime, and even when plants are produced for food, it is on a far smaller scale than agriculture. Plants are an important aspect of agriculture, and they’re not the sole part. It’s also vital to realize that agriculture is an industry in and of itself. Gardening is not its own business; rather, it is a subset of other industries.


  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S001671851400150X
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264837710000955
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Editorial Staff at Ask Any Difference is a team of experts in the field of "Difference Between" topics and led by Sandeep Bhandari, Piyush Yadav and Chara Yadav. Trusted by over 1.5 million readers worldwide
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