Difference Between Humanities and Social Sciences

Most individuals tend to confuse themselves when it comes to distinguishing between the two terms- Humanities and Social Sciences. This is because both these terms are comparable areas of study that cover diverse aspects of human conduct and their association with the community like law, sociology, economics, politics, psychology, and linguistics.

Humanities vs Social Sciences

The difference between Humanities and Social Science is that the study of humanities mainly focuses on the evaluative and analytic study of the cultural factors of mankind and society in a more subjective manner whereas Social Science analyses the scientific study of the relationship of humans within their community in a more objective manner.

Humanities vs Social sciencies

The study of humanities is believed to be more rational than the study of social sciences. Humanities is a discipline of science that helps tackle the customs, heritage, culture, and values of the community and questions the factors that make an individual human.

On the contrary, in the middle of natural sciences and humanities, lies the study of Social science. Social science is a subdivision of science that includes diverse subjects like psychology, law, administration, political science, economics, history, archaeology, criminology, education, and anthropology.


Comparison Table

Parameter of comparisonHumanitiesSocial sciences
ApproachesHumanities are considered to be more of an analytical approach.Social sciences are considered to be more of a scientific approach.
StudyHumanities mostly study the tradition, heritage, and culture of the society.Social sciences mostly study the differences between humanities and pure sciences.
ResearchUnder humanities, an individual doesn’t have to conduct research and surveys since it is a critical approach.Under social sciences, an individual needs to conduct research and surveys since it is a scientific approach.
Marketing strategiesHumanities do not deal with current marketing strategies much.Social sciences mostly deal with the current marketing strategies because social sciences are a professional study that deals with conducting surveys on market conditions.
New/old approachHumanities are considered an old approach since it was introduced during the ancient Greek civilization era.Social sciences are considered a slightly newer approach since it was introduced during the French and Industrial revolution.


What is Humanities?

Humanities refer to a sub-division of science which provides individuals a clear-cut study on the outlook of human culture and society. The study of humanities began in ancient Greece.

Under humanities, the study of culture is considered to be an extensive subject of study. Humanities likewise deal with the study of literature, history, art, archaeology, religion, politics, law, and so on.

The educational studies that provide intellectual knowledge, other than occupational, are listed under humanities. The subject of Humanities also includes music, theatre, visual arts, etc.


What is Social Sciences?

Social science refers to a branch of science that is dedicated to the scientific study of an individual’s society and the relationships different individuals have within the society. Social science was previously referred to as the study of sociology which was initially considered to be the earliest community-based study.

The diverse subjects included in Social sciences like civics, demography, economics, welfare, history, media studies, geography, environmental studies, nursing studies, psychology, and so on, are connected to human cultures or human societies in either one way or the other.

Social scientists use social sciences for creating awareness about the society and they additionally help in defining science in a modern way. Social sciences are different from humanities as it deals with a more scientific method of approach.

Social sciences require a lot of research to be done, like taking surveys, and this research is known as social research. Certain subjects are considered to be under both humanities and social sciences such as history, law, politics, etc. and there are many more subjects being created every since.

social sciences

Main Differences Between Humanities and Social Sciences

  1. Humanities are a more subjective approach since it is mostly based on philosophies and assumptions. Social sciences are an objective approach since it is based on reality and facts of the society.
  2. Under humanities, an individual mainly focuses on studying human nature and cultures, such as their traditions and also the heritage. Under social sciences, an individual mostly tries to find out the differences between pure sciences and humanities.
  3. For the study of humanities, it is not an important task for humanists to conduct surveys and research since humanities adopt a more analytical approach. For the study of social sciences, it is an important task for social scientists to conduct research and surveys since social sciences focus mainly on observations and hypotheses.
  4. Humanities are not concerned with the marketing policies or policy implementations. Social sciences are concerned with the marketing strategies and the policy implementations since a great deal of research is conducted to help the prevailing market conditions.
  5. Humanities are considered to be introduced during the ancient Greek civilization and are viewed as an older subject of study when compared to social sciences. Social sciences have fresh subjects developing every day and are newer methods of approach in dealing with human nature and culture.


  1. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0263276405057189
  2. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/964c/bfd4819feffcd08925b5897a38cfe1eba090.pdf
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