Difference Between India and Japan

India and Japan are two independent and geographical countries that are majorly different from each other.

Although India and Japan might seem to have many similarities in certain aspects, they have entirely different cultures, religions, and living styles. There ar

e several factors on which these countries are distinguished apart.

India vs Japan

The main difference between India and Japan is that India is situated on the southern part of the Asian continent while Japan is an archipelago meaning a cluster or chain of small islands that are scattered over the ocean, which is situated on the eastern part of the Asian continent. India is divided into several states whereas japan has the land divided into prefectures.


India is a country of rich culture which is located in the south part of Asia. It has many cultural heritage symbolizing different events from the past.

It is the seventh-largest country by land area. It has a vast history which includes many events and stories. India has one of the seven wonders of the world, the Taj mahal.

Japan is an island country also known as Archipelago which is located on the Eastern side of the Asian continent.

It is a leading and powerful country that has the best technological advancements.

It is an independent country with a rich culture. It is known to be the fourth largest trading nation in the world.

Comparison Table Between India and Japan

Parameters of ComparisonIndiaJapan
RegionSouth AsiaEast Asia
Type of countryPart of a large subcontinent.Archipelago.
Type of communityComprises of multiple races.Comprises of single race.
Caste systemExists and is very prevalent.Does not exists.
HistoryHas a long year history of foreign invasion.Does not have any history of any foreign invasion.

What is India?

India is a country that is part of the Asian continent and is situated on the southern side of Asia.

It is the seventh-largest country in the context of land area and on the scale of the population, it is the second most populated country in the whole world.

This country is bounded by three main water bodies which namely are the Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, and the Bay of Bengal on three sides.

It has a diverse community of people that reside and follow different cultures, religions, and rituals. In total, India has 28 states and 8 union territories.

It has a very riotous past as the Britishers invaded the country and gradually conquered the power of ruling in the states of the country.

There were many freedom fighters that fought for the freedom of the country and lost their lives during the war. It has now become a democratic country which earlier in the past was a monarchial type.

Apart from these, the country has a high rate of biological diversity which means it contains a wide variety of animals and birds, both indigenous and endemic.

Talking about the culture India has a rich culture that has been evolving from the past years and still going on and many times was influenced by other cultures.

What is Japan?

Japan is a cluster or group of small islands that are scattered over the eastern Pacific Ocean and are located on the eastern part of the Asian continent.

Japan comes eleventh in the list of most populated countries. Its capital is Tokyo.

Japan is a very economically stable and highly advanced country in terms of technology. It has some of the world’s best universities.

It has a very ancient type of culture which is full of traditions to honor families and solemn ceremonies.

Japan holds a lot of power as it is a member of many international organizations such as the United Nations, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and the group of seven.

It has one of the strongest ranking self-defense mechanisms and forces in the world.

It has a vast history full of events one of which is very popular is the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombing incident where the United States dropped bombs over the two cities and killed a large mass of people whose effect lingered for a long span of time.

This country is known to be a global leader in the field of automotive and electronics as it has numerous contributions in science and technology.

It has influenced the whole world with its exclusive anime culture.

Main Differences Between India and Japan

  1. India is a country that lies on the South Asia side of the globe whereas Japan is a small country that lies on the East Asia side of the globe.
  2. India comes under the Asian subcontinent which is a very large continent itself whereas on the other hand Japan is categorized as an Archipelago which means a collection of small islands or chains of islands scattered over the ocean.
  3. India is a diverse country that consists of a large population that follows different religion and thus, belong to different races whereas in Japan all the people belong to a single race.
  4. In India, the caste system is strictly followed and has a very big impact on the overall population as it is quite prevalent whereas on the other hand in japan there is no caste system that is followed.
  5. India has a long year history of foreign invasion as it was under the rule of the Britishers for a long period of time in the past whereas Japan never had any foreign invasion history in the past.
Difference Between India and Japan


The bottom line is that both these countries have diversifying factors that make them entirely different from each other.

The former one lies in the south Asian part of the world and has a completely different history, culture, religions, currency, and beliefs while the latter one lies in the East Asian part of the world.

Some of the behavior and beliefs may seem to be the same in the countries like both countries celebrate different festivals regarding the season change, both the country’s citizens follow the lunar calendar and such few others.

Despite these few similarities, the country individually differs completely from each other in other aspects.


  1. https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/9780691228167/html?lang=de
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/002075999400104

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