Difference Between Intellectual Disability and Learning Disability

Intellectual disability is a type of neurological disability in which people's social life gets affected, and their interaction skill also decreases. A person with an intellectual disability is considered less intelligent than a normal person.

The person who has a learning disability can read and write slowly but is intelligent in other ways from an average person. Albert Einstein was one of them, but he pursues his passion for physics and got success.

Comparison Table Between Intellectual Disability and Learning Disability

Parameters of ComparisonIntellectual DisabilityLearning Disability
DefinitionIntellectual disability is a type of neurological disability in which people's social life gets affected, and their interaction skill also decreases.The person who has a learning disability read and writes slowly but is intelligent in other ways from an average person.
Disorder typeIntellectual disability is a neurological disorder.Learning disability is also related to neuron disability.
AffectIt affects people's social life and communication skills. It affects learning, reading, and understanding ability.
Cure levelThe recovery level is high and proper help can balance the situation.There is no proper help for this, and this disorder can become lifelong or chronic.
Non-functional areasCommunication skill, Memory, logical reasoning, etc.Reading, writing, understanding, etc.
Treatment or therapy Speech improving, Medication, Counseling, etc. Visual techniques, logic building classes, etc.
Intelligent Quotient levelThe person with an intellectual disability has an IQ level of around 65-75. Less than the average IQ level. The person with a learning disability has an IQ level of around 20-35.

What is Intellectual Disability?

Intellectual disability is not a very known disability, and people having this disability may not get aware of their disability until they are counseled by the doctor.

If not treated properly, this disorder can decares the IQ level of a person more and more rapidly. And can become a chronic disorder or lifelong problems.

Intellectual disorder, when it becomes acute, can create health-related problems like changes in behavior from time to time and anxiety issues. Therefore it should be treated as early as possible with good counseling.

What is Learning Disability?

The IQ of those peoples is in the range of 20-35, which is very low compared to the average IQ of a person. This disability stays lifelong and does not have a precise medication system.

Learning disabilities have so many categories like dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia, etc. The logic building time of a person increases with an increase in severeness of this disorder.

But by comparing others' speed and a person's speed who has this disorder can illustrate that his or her speed is relatively slower than the other person.

Main Differences Between Intellectual Disability and Learning Disability

  1. Intellectual disability can be treated by the doctor. Proper treatment and prescriptions can cure the disability without making it a lifelong problem.
  2. If the Intellectual disability becomes chronic, it might decares the IQ level of the patient very rapidly. But in the case of Learning disability, the IQ level is already decreased and might remain the same.
Difference Between Intellectual Disability and Learning Disability

Conclusion

Knowing yourself better might help you to know about these disabilities and your body functioning. Therefore giving yourself relaxation time can help. People who do not cope up with other peoples and who have lower communication ability come under these categories of disorders.

On the other hand, the Learning disability reduces a person's logic building, makes them slow in reading and understanding things. Intellectual disability can be treated by the doctor, proper treatment and prescriptions can cure the disability, but learning disability does not have any proper way of treatment.

References

  1. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2003-04378-012
  2. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED509596
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