Difference Between Ireland and Northern Ireland (With Table)

Many people are confused regarding how they must differentiate between two distinct nations that may sound the same. Ireland and Northern Ireland are distinct nations that lie on an island. Yes, they both are indeed different countries without any sort of physical border. Ireland is a free and sovereign country, whereas Northern Ireland lies in the United Kingdom.

Ireland vs Northern Ireland

The difference between Ireland and Northern Ireland is that Ireland, which is also known as The Republic of Ireland, is much larger in the area when compared to Northern Ireland. Ireland is a separate free and independent nation, whereas Northern Ireland lies in the United Kingdom.

Ireland covers the southern part of the island. Like India, Ireland has also been caught in the shackles of Great Britain in the past until the people of Ireland woke up and launched their Independence movement. The Irish people were able to throw out the British from their country. After the offset of the British, Ireland became a sovereign country that was free from the United Kingdom.

When the British left Ireland, Northern Ireland did not become a part of the Republic of Ireland. Both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland lie on the same island. Northern Ireland has always prospered with the aid and help that is provided by Great Britain.

Comparison Table Between Ireland and Northern Ireland

Parameters of ComparisonIrelandNorthern Ireland
Status of IndependenceIreland, also known as the Republic of Ireland, is a separate country that has a free and independent status.Northern Ireland is not a separate nation and is a part of the United Kingdom.
CurrencyEuro is the national currency of the Republic of Ireland.Pound Sterling also known as GBP, is the national currency of Northern Ireland.
European Union MembershipIreland is a member of the European Union at the present moment.Northern Ireland is not a member of the European Union since Great Britain left the EU recently.
Major sectorsThe agricultural sector of Ireland is the biggest and most prosperous sector of the country as it contributes the most to the Irish Economy.The manufacturing and shipping sector of Northern Ireland contributes maximum to its economy.
CapitalThe capital of Ireland is Dublin.The capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast.
FlagThe flag of Ireland is different and constitutes three colours that are white, orange, and green.The flag of Northern Ireland is the Union Jack flag of Great Britain.

What is Ireland?

Ireland is an island located in North-western Europe. Dublin is the capital of Ireland and also is the biggest city of Ireland, covering almost 40% of Ireland. The revised Constitution of Ireland came into force in the year 1937, thus replacing the initial Irish Free State Constitution. The Per Capita Income of Ireland is extremely good that ranks almost 5th among 187 countries.

The two official languages of Ireland are English and Gaeilge that is commonly known as Irish. There is less availability of industrial materials and minerals like Iron and Coal, thus making its economy more agricultural-oriented. Ireland is one of the most beautiful countries that one mat visit. The Tourism sector is also one of the major contributors to the Irish economy.

The Education system of Ireland is looked up to by various countries as an Ideal Education system model. Ireland is a secular country as per its constitution that prevents any kind of discrimination based on religion, gender, and sex. It is a Catholic country with a large number of people following Christianity as their faith.

The economy of Ireland has faced major issues in the last few years. Its economy has suffered a recession for a long period. The major tourist attractions of Ireland are Dublin Castle, the National Museum of Ireland, and Torc Waterfall.

What is Northern Ireland?

Northern Ireland comprises six countries and is a part of the United Kingdom. It is administered and controlled by the British Parliament. The climate here is moderate and temperate, which is the same as the climate of the Republic of Ireland. The official language of Northern Ireland is English, as its people are highly influenced by British culture.

The economy of Northern Ireland is dependent on manufacturing and textiles as people here are more inclined towards the industrial sector, giving less attention to the agricultural sector. The Capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast which is also one of the major tourists’ attractions.

Various UNESCO World Heritage sites, including the Giant Causeway, also form a part of Northern Ireland. Other tourists attractions here are Ulster Museum, Botanic Gardens, and Titanic Belfast.

A group of people called the Nationalists and Republicans are striving for the freedom of Northern Ireland from the United Kingdom. Northern Ireland is on the bucket list of every person who is visiting Europe as it has a very historical past and rich culture.

Main Differences Between Ireland and Northern Ireland

  1. Ireland is a fully free and republic nation that is not under the rule of any foreign power, whereas Northern Ireland, since independence lies in Great Britain hence has lost its independent status. Ireland is also much larger in the area when compared to Northern Ireland.
  2. The official language of Ireland is English and Irish, whereas the official language of Northern Ireland is English.
  3. The capital of Ireland is Dublin. On the other hand, the capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast.
  4. The economy of Ireland is agriculture-oriented. On the other hand, Northern Ireland derives most of its money from the textile and manufacturing sector.
  5. Ireland has 3 colours in its National flag that are white, orange, and green, whereas the flag of Ireland is the same as Great Britain.

Conclusion

Ireland is also known as the Republic of Ireland, along with Northern Ireland, which formed the entire island of Ireland. Some people consider both of them as the same country even now. This is not true as the Republic of Ireland, also known as Ireland, is a separate independent country. On the other hand, Northern Ireland is controlled and administered by the United kingdom since it lies within it.

The climate, temperature, and time zone of both these countries are the same. There are many similarities, but the major differences between the two cannot be ignored. Both the countries attract various tourists from all around the world.

References

  1. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=lXa7m8wG84MC&oi=fnd&pg=PR7&dq=ireland&ots=gt6i69EcNk&sig=ftlqaz7989nB7JAKvMZTkiApim4
  2. https://www.dguideapp.com/guide/details/Republic%20of%20Ireland.html
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