Ireland vs Northern Ireland: Difference and Comparison

Many people are confused regarding how they must differentiate between two distinct nations that may sound the same. Ireland and Northern Ireland are distinct nations that lie on an island.

Key Takeaways

  1. Ireland is an independent European country, while Northern Ireland is a constituent part of the United Kingdom.
  2. Northern Ireland shares the island of Ireland with the Republic of Ireland, but they maintain separate governments and political systems.
  3. The Republic of Ireland predominantly identifies as Catholic, while Northern Ireland has a mix of Protestant and Catholic populations, contributing to historical tensions between the two regions.

Ireland vs Northern Ireland

Ireland, or the Republic of Ireland, comprises of the Southern part of the island of Ireland. It is an independent nation and a member of the European Union (EU). Northern Ireland lies in the UK (United Kingdom), located in the northeastern part of the island of Ireland. It is no longer a member of the European Union (EU) since Brexit.

Ireland vs Northern Ireland

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Ireland covers the southern part of the island. Like India, Ireland has also been caught in the shackles of Great Britain in the past until the people of Ireland woke up and launched their Independence movement.

When the British left Ireland, Northern Ireland did not become a part of the Republic of Ireland. Both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland lie on the same island.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonIrelandNorthern Ireland
Status of IndependenceIreland, also known as the Republic of Ireland, is a separate country that has a free and independent status.Northern Ireland is not a separate nation and is a part of the United Kingdom.
CurrencyEuro is the national currency of the Republic of Ireland.Pound Sterling also known as GBP, is the national currency of Northern Ireland.
European Union MembershipIreland is a member of the European Union at the present moment.Northern Ireland is not a member of the European Union since Great Britain left the EU recently.
Major sectorsThe agricultural sector of Ireland is the biggest and most prosperous sector of the country as it contributes the most to the Irish Economy.The manufacturing and shipping sector of Northern Ireland contributes maximum to its economy.
CapitalThe capital of Ireland is Dublin.The capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast.
FlagThe flag of Ireland is different and constitutes three colours that are white, orange, and green.The flag of Northern Ireland is the Union Jack flag of Great Britain.

What is Ireland?

Ireland is an island located in North-western Europe. Dublin is the capital of Ireland and also is the biggest city of Ireland, covering almost 40% of Ireland.

There is less availability of industrial materials and minerals like Iron and Coal, thus making its economy more agricultural-oriented.

The Education system of Ireland is looked up to by various countries as an Ideal Education system model. Ireland is a secular country as per its constitution that prevents any kind of discrimination based on religion, gender, and sex.

The economy of Ireland has faced major issues in the last few years. Its economy has suffered a recession for a long period.


What is Northern Ireland?

Northern Ireland comprises six countries and is a part of the United Kingdom. It is administered and controlled by the British Parliament.

The economy of Northern Ireland is dependent on manufacturing and textiles as people here are more inclined towards the industrial sector, giving less attention to the agricultural sector.

Various UNESCO World Heritage sites, including the Giant Causeway, also form a part of Northern Ireland.

A group of people called the Nationalists and Republicans are striving for the freedom of Northern Ireland from the United Kingdom.

northern ireland

Main Differences Between Ireland and Northern Ireland

  1. The economy of Ireland is agriculture-oriented. On the other hand, Northern Ireland derives most of its money from the textile and manufacturing sector.
  2. Ireland has 3 colours in its National flag: white, orange, and green, whereas the flag of Ireland is the same as Great Britain.
Difference Between Ireland and Northern Ireland

Last Updated : 06 September, 2023

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