Perl vs Python: Difference and Comparison

In the field of computer science, we have an ocean of programming languages that can be used for various purposes. A few of these programming languages are Java, C++, Python, Perl, PHP, and many more.

Key Takeaways

  1. Python features easy-to-read syntax, making it beginner-friendly, whereas Perl has a more complex syntax.
  2. Python enjoys widespread data science and machine learning use, while Perl excels in text processing and manipulation.
  3. Perl employs regular expressions extensively, whereas Python uses libraries to achieve similar functionality.

Perl vs Python

Perl is a high-level programming language used for script or text manipulation, report generation and file scanning. It derives features from C and Shell scripts. Python is a widely used programming language used for object-oriented programming and data structure design. It is an accessible language that is easy to learn and understand.

Perl vs Python

The Perl language is a derivative of C++ and shell scripting, so it is easier for people, especially those used to C and C++. It is made use of in applications like networking and GUI designs.

However, the difference lies in the fact that its design philosophy revolves around the readability of code.

Thus, this language breaks away from the norm of large construction of codes, which can be oftentimes confusing and frustrating to read.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonPerlPython
WhitespacesPerl does not care about whitespaces as its syntax doesn’t depend on whitespaces.Python uses whitespaces to deal with syntax so any misuse of proper whitespace will result in a syntax error.
PurposeIt is a general-purpose programming language and it is most commonly used in report generation and file scanning.It is a general-purpose programming language used for object-oriented programming and data structure design.
File extensionPerl scripts use a .pl file extension.Python scripts use a .py file extension.
Statement BlockPerl uses braces for defining statement blocks and dividing them into logically sound blocks.Python uses indentations for defining statement blocks and defining them properly.
End of StatementAt the end of every statement in Perl, a semicolon is necessary.Ending a statement with a semicolon is not necessary.

What is Perl?

Perl is a group of two high-level programming languages used for general-purpose coding. It is interpreted and a dynamic programming language.

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It is available on most platforms, be it Windows or Linux, and it has been licensed under the GNU general public Licence. This has been developed by implementing C.

Perl is procedural, which means every variable, expression, assignment statement, and brace delimited block are all individually procedurally called during a program call.


What is Python?

Python is another high-level general-purpose programming language, but what makes it unique is its design philosophy. The philosophy behind its design is emphasized by code readability.

Python is a very easily readable language; hence, its formatting is aesthetically pleasing. To increase the readability of the language oftentimes, English keywords where other languages use punctuation.

Many of its features make it a very accessible programming language and can be quite easily learned in comparison with C or Java, which requires a considerable amount of time to learn to use properly.


Main Differences Between Perl and Python

  1. Perl uses braces as delimiters, while Python helps newcomers to take on problems easily through a unique indentation system which is used as delimiters.
  2. Perl is used to manage networks and in CGI, but Python is used in artificial intelligence and data science.
Difference Between Perl and Python

Last Updated : 07 September, 2023

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