Difference Between Perl and Python

In the field of computer science, we have an ocean of programming languages that can be used for various purposes. A few of these programming languages are Java, C++, Python, Perl, PHP, and many more.


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Perl vs Python

The difference between Perl and Python is that they are based on complete ideas, Perl is more robust and complicated, it is derivative of languages like C and Shell scripts, hence its readability is similarly based on semicolons, braces and indentations. On the other hand, from a very root level python is a very simple and explicit programming language, Python readability is only dependent on indentations.

Perl vs Python

The Perl language is derivative of C++ and shell scripting so it is easier for people to use, especially those who are used to C and C++. It is generally made use of in applications like networking and GUI designs.

However, the difference lies in the fact that its design philosophy revolves around the readability of code.

Thus this language breaks away from the norm of large construction of codes which can be oftentimes confusing and frustrating to read.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonPerlPython
WhitespacesPerl does not care about whitespaces as its syntax doesn’t depend on whitespaces.Python uses whitespaces to deal with syntax so any misuse of proper whitespace will result in a syntax error.
PurposeIt is a general-purpose programming language and it is most commonly used in report generation and file scanning.It is a general-purpose programming language used for object-oriented programming and data structure design.
File extensionPerl scripts use a .pl file extension.Python scripts use a .py file extension.
Statement BlockPerl uses braces for defining statement blocks and dividing them into logically sound blocks.Python uses indentations for defining statement blocks and defining them properly.
End of StatementAt the end of every statement in Perl, a semicolon is necessary.Ending a statement with a semicolon is not necessary.

What is Perl?

Perl is a group of two high-level programming languages used for general-purpose coding. It is interpreted and a dynamic programming language.

It is available on most platforms be it Windows or Linux, it has been licensed under the GNU general public Licence. This has been developed implementing C.

Perl is procedural, which means every variable, expression, assignment statement, and brace delimited blocks are all individually procedurally called during a program call.


What is Python?

Python is another high-level general-purpose programming language, but what makes it unique is its design philosophy. The philosophy behind its design is emphasized by code readability.

Python is a very easily readable language hence its formatting is aesthetically pleasing. To increase the readability of the language oftentimes English keywords where other languages use punctuation.

Many of its features make it a very accessible programming language and can be quite easily learned in comparison with C or Java that requires a considerable amount of time to learn to use properly.


Main Differences Between Perl and Python

  1. Perl uses braces as delimiter while python helps newcomers to take on problems easily through unique indentation system which is used as delimiters.
  2. Perl is used to managing networks and in CGI, but Python is used in artificial intelligence and data science.
Difference Between Perl and Python



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