Difference Between Python and Lua (With Table)

The students of computer science and those who are interested in coding and developing are well aware of the different programming languages that exist in the market. Python and Lua are two of the famous and widely used programming languages. Python and Lua have their unique functions, advantages, and disadvantages and are in no way similar to each other. 

Python vs Lua

The difference between Python and Lua is that Python is a multi-paradigm with a focus on object-oriented language. Meanwhile, the Lua is also a multi-paradigm that focuses only on scripting language and not anything else. This is the fundamental difference between these two high-level programming languages. Apart from this, Python and Lua have several strikingly different characteristics. 

Python is one of the most famous programming languages. This high and strong programming language is the basis for anyone to create and script applications. It is also used widely due to the programming language’s ease of use. Python makes the process of high-level coding and scripting very simplistic to perform.

The word Lua is used to denote the popular programming language. Lua is also another high-level and powerful programming language that is widely used by developers around the world. There are specific aspects of Lua that make it ideal for game developers. It is an open-source programming language that can be used by anyone.

Comparison Table Between Python and Lua      

Parameters of ComparisonPythonLua
LanguageIt is set up on an object-oriented languageIt is set up on a scripting language.
DifficultyPython is a bit difficult for beginners to start with.Lua is easier for beginners.
SpeedIt is slower than Lua.It is faster than Python.
RobustIt can handle all the robust applications.It is not as robust as Python.
InheritancePython supports and allows inheritance.Lua does not allow any process of inheritance.

What is Python?

The term Python is used to denote the powerful and top-level programming language. This programming language is essential for anyone who wants to create and script applications. Python’s ease of use makes it very popular around the world. A lot of people use Python to make high-level coding and scripting. 

The speed and instant response of this programming language, Python, are notable. This quick response keeps the programming language the favorite of all the coding enthusiasts. Python is required for working professionals who are in the field of AI or artificial intelligence, machine learning, the internet of things and, data science. 

The syntax of Python is considered to be unmatchable. Both the readability and syntax of the language Python are up with the best in the market. This aspect allows Python to reduce the maintenance cost. Python does not discriminate against anyone and, it is open-sourced. Anyone can learn and work in Python. 

To put it into simple terms, Python is an efficient object-oriented language with an enormous library of internet services and protocols. The language is considered to be very robust and, it can support all the robust applications. But it is also short on memory and, that makes the language difficult to store in.

What is Lua?

The term Lua is used to denote the recently popular programming language. This is a general-purpose scripting language that has risen to familiarity in recent days. It is also a multiparadigm program for embedded use. The name Lua derives its origins from the Portuguese word meaning Moon. It was created in 1993.

Lua is a recent one with game developers across the world. The aspects of this programming language make it lucrative for game developers. It consists of all the necessary high-level abilities required for a programming language of this range. The game developers can extend the game engines and modify their games with ease.

This programming language is easier for beginners as it is manageable to follow. The speed of the language Lua is unpredictable. It is faster than Python. A drawback is that this programming language is not as robust as Python. So, running robust applications is not a choice with Lua language.

Lua is usually considered to be very similar to JavaScript. Though it is faster than JavaScript in practice. Lua can also be used in smartphones with Android and iOS. Though it is easy to learn and has many important aspects, Lua lacks the ability of inheritance. Lua has become recently popular and is seemingly a force to reckon with.

Main Differences Between Python and Lua

  1. Python is a multiparadigm based on an object-oriented language. The Lua is related to a multiparadigm based on a scripting language.
  2. Beginners can find using Python to be quite troublesome and confusing. Lua is more effortless for beginners to use and adapt to.
  3. Python has a decent amount of speed with the working of the language. Lua is a faster language and can be run smoothly.
  4. Python is remarkably robust and can handle any robust application. Lua is not so robust and can fail when run with robust applications.
  5. The Python supports and allows the process of inheritance. The Lua does not maintain the process of inheritance. 

Conclusion

Terms like Python and Lua would frequently be thrown around in any conversation around coding and software. Though people are familiar to an extent with the idea of Python, not a lot could differentiate the programming languages of Python and Lua. It is essential to understand the fundamental differences between these two terms.

Python is a high-level programming language. It is a multiparadigm based on an object-oriented language. It is a robust language and allows any program to run with ease. Meanwhile, Lua is another programming language. It is also a multiparadigm based on the scripting language. Lua is preferred by game developers due to its notable qualities.

References

  1. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-024X(199606)26:6%3C635::AID-SPE26%3E3.0.CO;2-P
  2. https://doi.org/10.1145/1238844.1238846

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