Difference Between Python and Scala (With Table)

As technology is being developed at a fast speed. Many programming languages are being used for development; separate languages are used for different things, some of them are used for developing websites, applications, software, building systems, etc. these languages play an important role in making these things more stable and secure for the user.

Python and Scala both are programming languages used for different purposes. They are similar in some ways, which leads to confusion between both of them. It is important to understand them as it is important to know the information about languages before learning and starting coding.

Python vs Scala

The difference between python and scala is that both of them are different types of languages. Python is a dynamically types language, while Scala is more a static type language. Specific objects are variables that are not required in the case of python, while it is required to specify them in Scala language. In comparison, in terms of learning, python is relatively easier to learn and use, whereas Scala is said to be more complex and difficult to learn and use. Extra work for an interpreter at the runtime is not required for Scala, whereas it is created in the case of python. This also means that Scala is faster compared to python. Also, in python, the data type is decided during runtime while it is not done in Scala, making it more preferable for large data processes.

Python is an easy and simple interpreted high-level programming language. It encourages program modularity and reuse of code by supporting modules and packages; it does not need specific variables and objects. It is easier to code. It is mainly used for the development of software, data analysis, websites, etc. It is also used by non-programmers. It has a huge community, and data types are decided during the runtime.

Scala is a programming language that supports both object-oriented and functional programming. It does not have any concept of primitive data. Objects and variables need to be specifying in these languages. It is comparatively difficult to learn and less easy for coding. Not only this, it is a fast programming language.

Comparison Table Between Python and Scala

Parameters of ComparisonPythonScala
Specifying variables and objectsNot neededNeeded
LearningEasier to learnDifficult to learn
SpeedSlowFast
Deciding data typeDuring run timeNot decided during run time
Size of communityHuge communityComparatively Lesser

What is Python?

Following are some of the advantages of the Python language:

  • It has extensive support language.
  • It is easier to read, write and learn. 
  • It is a high-level language. 
  • It is an object-oriented language.
  • It is a portable and interactive programming language.
  • It is highly efficient.
  • It provides less coding along with more functionality.

Applications of this language are:

  • Web frameworks.
  • It is used for developing applications.
  • It is used for GUI-based apps.
  • It is used for educational purposes.
  • It is used for software development.
  • It is used for prototyping.
  • It is used for operating systems.
  • It is used for business applications.

It was founded in 1991 and is among the most popular and fastest languages. It is a flexible and powerful language. It focuses on code readability, supporting multiple programming paradigms. Some of the organizations that use this language are:

  • Google(Components of Search Engine) 
  • Yahoo(Maps) 
  • YouTube 
  • Mozilla 
  • Dropbox 
  • Microsoft 
  • Cisco 
  • Spotify 
  • Quora

What is Scala?

It is a short form of Scalable language, and it has the following benefits:

  • It has an exact syntax; programs written in it require fewer codes.
  • The combination of being object-oriented and functional language is best for web development.
  • It can be used for executing Java code.
  • It is easier for a programmer who has learned the java language.
  • It is highly scalable.
  • It is best for data analytics.

Following are disadvantages of this language:

  • Limited community presence as compared to other languages.
  • Offers less backward compatibility.
  • Some of the features are not familiar to programmers.  
  • There are many tools absent in this language, and some of them are not advanced.

This language is similar to Java in the following ways:

  • Both of the languages are object-oriented.
  • They run on JVM.
  • Both of them are multi-paradigm and imperative.
  • Both of them are statically typed.

Main Differences Between Python and Scala

  1. In terms of the size of the community, both languages differ. Python is comparatively huge as it is used for the development of more things while Scala indeed has a good community, but when compared to python, it is lesser.
  2. Both of them support different things, proper multithreading is not supported by python, but it does support heavyweight process forking, whereas Scala is best for implementing concurrency due to asynchronous libraries.
  3. Testing python is relatively difficult as it is a dynamic programming language, while Scala is much better when it comes to testing being a statically typed language.
  4. Writing code is a difficult process; python is comparatively easier for writing code, whereas it is difficult to write code in Scala language.
  5. Python has several operating system calls and libraries along with many interpreters, and Scala is a compiled language and compilation of all sources codes before execution is done.
  6. When changes are made in existing code, there are chances of bugs arriving during the process. In the case of Scala, no such bugs take place during changes in existing code, while bugs can take place while changing in Python language.
  7. Python has more and additional tools such as proper data science tools, libraries for Machine learning, Natural Language Processing, whereas Scala has a disadvantage as it does not have any of these tools.
  8. Both of them are used for different sizes of projects. For small-scale projects, the best suitable language is python, while for large-scale projects best suitable language is Scala.
  9. Some languages provide scalable features, while some do not. Python is a language that does not support this feature, whereas Scala has the advantage here as it supports the scalable feature.

Conclusion

With all the above differences and information about these languages, it will be easier to choose between both of them. Learning a programming language is a difficult job, and therefore it is necessary to choose the best one according to the interest of an individual. They have similarities as both of them are object-oriented and functional languages and have similar syntax.

It is important to understand these languages with utmost focus as they are base for many things on the internet nowadays, the most important thing to decide is why you want to learn a programming language, and according to that, you can choose the best language suitable for that purpose. Other programming languages are Java, Perl, Pascal, etc.

References

  1. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.169.637
  2. https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/2783258.2789993
  3. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/9315863/
  4. https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/3426426.3428485
  5. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/6349515/
  6. https://www.koreascience.or.kr/article/JAKO202010163508830.page
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