Difference Between Quartz and Chronometer (With Table)

Watches are the best human-made gadget that shows us time. In ancient times, people did not have watches neither they have any gadgets that could tell them about the time so, they got to know about the time by the changes in the pattern of the sun. As the human brain evolved, the watch was invented, with the proper division of hours, minutes, and seconds.

Quartz and Chronometer are divisions or types of watches that are designed to show the accurate time during the day and the night. Quartz watches are available in many patterns and styles but, mostly, they are analog or watch that contains minute, seconds, and hours hands.

Quartz vs Chronometer

The difference between Quartz and the Chronometer is that Chronometer watches were invented many years before the invention of the Quartz watches. And also, the Chronometer watches are made with the use of platinum, gold, and other types of expensive metals. On the other hand, Quartz watches are simple, made with steel or other less expensive materials.

Quartz was invented in the year 1927. It was first made, as a big clock, with big hands showing hours, minutes, seconds, and below it, there was a big pendulum moving back and forth. The pendulum that hung below the clock made a sound whenever sixty minutes gets completed.

The Chronometer was initially designed only to show time with precision. It contained timepieces that were divided into several parts and were put in different circles. One of the timepieces contains a stopwatch that can be used to record the time usually used while doing any activities like sports, etc.

Comparison Table Between Quartz and Chronometer

Parameters of ComparisonQuartzChronometer
Material used Quartz is mainly made up of alloys, steel, ceramic, etc making it durable and strong. Also, the steel used is stainless or rust-free. A Chronometer is usually made up of expensive metals like gold, platinum, etc which makes it tough.
Accuracy Quartz watches have good accuracy but the time precision changes as it gets old and can easily get affected by the temperature changes. A Chronometer shows the exact time and it also records the time accurately.
Year of invention It was invented in 1927 by Joseph W. Horton and Warren A. Marrison in bell laboratories. The Chronometer was invented in 1816 by Louis Moinet.
TypesThere are usually three types of Quartz watches analog, digital and automatic. There is only one type of chronometer watch that is mechanical or analog.
CostQuartz watches are affordable and are lower in price as compared to Chronometers. Chronometers are expensive because they last longer than Quartz.
Energy sourceQuartz uses batteries or cells as its energy source. They have their specific shelf life. Chronometers use the mainspring as their energy source. That provides more accuracy.

What is Quartz?

Quartz uses the electronic oscillator technology in which electric energy is induced to produce periodic oscillations. And the main material of these types of watches is Quartz, a type of crystal that regulates or maintains the frequency or speed of a moving object very precisely.

The electric energy provided to run or operate Quartz watches is mainly through electric batteries that are small in size and need to be replaced after their shelf life get expires. But the huge Clock needs two or three large cells or batteries for functioning properly.

The interface of the Quartz watches is simple as they have numeric values written in a circular pattern and metal hands pointing the numeric values one by one.

What is Chronometer?

Chronometers or simply chronograph watches are mechanical watches. Earlier, they were only used by marine for accurate navigation and time. But now they are available to almost everyone in the world. The name Chronometer was put forward by Jeremy Thacker in 1714.

These watches are so accurate that they survive even in worse temperatures without any alterations in the accuracy of the time. And are also certified by many organizations legally. It was named Chronometer as Chrono refers to time and meter refers to the measurement of time.

Chronometers always come with big dials, sometimes containing no numeric values, only the minute hands. They are costly because of the use of pure metals during their manufacture.

Main Differences Between Quartz and Chronometer 

  1. Quartz is mainly made up of alloys, steel, ceramic, etc., making it durable and strong. Also, the steel used is stainless or rust-free. On the other hand, a Chronometer is usually made up of costly metals like gold, platinum, etc.
  2. Chronometers use the mainspring as their energy source. Whereas Quartz uses batteries or cells as its energy source. They have their specific shelf life. After that, they get replaced.
  3. Quartz watches have good accuracy, but the time precision changes as the watch get old. While a Chronometer shows the exact time; and it also records the time accurately no matter how old it gets.
  4. Chronometers are expensive because they last longer than Quartz. Whereas the price of Quartz is lower as compared to Chronometer watch.
  5. The Chronometer was invented in 1816 by Louis Moinet. And Quartz was invented in 1927 by Joseph W. Horton and Warren A. Marrison.

Conclusion

Now everyone can see the time and can also record it with the help of watches. There are thousands of watches available in the merchandise like mechanical, analog, and even touchscreen. We can also calculate several things like our heart rate, our walking steps with at least 90 percent accuracy.

Quartz is affordable and can be bought by anyone. The material used in making Quartz watches is also durable but, they should be handled carefully as the materials are alloys, not pure metals. Whereas Chronometers are made up of pure metals, therefore, they are expensive and also include many more features like a stopwatch, etc.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0956566399000408
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1046/j.1365-3121.2001.00395.x
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