Difference Between Rock and Pop

There are many different types of music that we all appreciate. All the genres of the music either fall under soft genres or loud genres. People like listening to various forms of music depending on their personal preferences.


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Pop and rock music are popular with young people, especially in western countries such as America, Brazil, Mexico, and the United Kingdom.

Rock vs Pop

The difference between rock and pop is that rock is heavily dependent on instruments (guitars and drums). On the other hand, pop is based on the beats and lyrics (vocal music). Moreover, rock music is performed mainly in groups, while pop music can be presented solo or as part of a group.

Rock vs Pop

Rock is a popular modern music genre that originated in the United States and the United Kingdom in the 1960s. It is a type of music that is usually aggressively played on various musical instruments.

Furthermore, it can take many other forms, like jazz-rock, punk rock, country rock, classical rock, and others.

Pop music is a soothing musical genre that relaxes the listener’s ears. In addition to its roots in pre-rock music, its emphasis is more on lyrics and rhythm.

It has better lyrics and is easier for the viewers to understand because of the clarity in the notes of the music. It can be performed without many musical instruments and on any subject.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonRockPop
Invented byRock music was invented by Chuck Berry.Thomas Edison and Emile Berliner discovered pop music.
Invented inThe rock genre was invented in the 1960s.The pop genre was invented in the 1940s.
Common MethodIt is played on loud sounds of instruments.It is sung on gentle beats.
Another NameAnother name of rock music is rock and roll.Another name of pop music is popular music.
Length of the musicRock music is generally played for a longer period.Pop is played for a shorter period comparatively.

What is Rock?

The name rock genre is derived from the phrase rock and roll (popular dance music in western countries (America and England) around the mid-nineteenth century) in the 1960s.

The first-ever rock music was composed by the American lyrics writer and singer Chuck Berry.

Rock music is based on the concept of American African music genres (blues and R&B). During the 1960s decade, the limitation of the music was tested when rock music was new for music lovers.

Many dance genres were also introduced at this time, in addition to rock music.

Rock music became popular during the black-and-white period, and everyone danced to its beats. It is regarded as a modern music genre that is loud and played in groups accompanied by electric guitars (three cords) and drums at high volume.

The group playing rock music was known as rock bands.

In other words, we can say that this type of music is energetic and make everyone dance along with high energy.

With the developing craze of rock music, lyrics writers started writing rock songs on distinct themes such as love, party, youth, political, and social issues.

There were many subgenres of rock music in the early 1970s: glam rock (performers wore flashy clothes with glittery footwear) and punk rock (when rock bands appeared in fashionable outfits).

What is Pop?

Pop is an acronym for popular music which came in the 1940s, two-decade before rock music in America and the United Kingdom. In the initial, songs were vocal, and most of the instrument used was saxophones.

All the pop songs (White Christmas, The paper doll, Swinging on the star) in the 1940s had a sweet melody and were most vocal. After the 1955s, pop music sung by groups of Bill Haley, Elvis Presley was energetic.

Various props and instruments were used in the performance at that time.

Pop music is largely influenced by multiple trends. Furthermore, this music, like rock music, was popular in 1960. It went on to explore other musical instruments to create pop music and incorporate comparable genres.

After a decade, a subgenre known as funk-pop emerged, which quickly became popular.

Funk pop was mostly played at parties as it had disco beats with clear sounds. The instrument played was an electric guitar. Michael Jackson made this genre more successful by releasing his albums.

In the late-twentieth century, pop music was played in advertisements as a part of the business.

Rap was later integrated into the pop genre in the new millennium to maintain its popularity. Moreover, Lady Gaga gave multiple hits on the self-empowerment themes. The pop genre has revived its success worldwide.

Main Differences Between Rock and Pop

  1. Rock is a heavy genre of music as compared to the pop genre.
  2. The subgenres of rock are punk rock and glam rock. On the other hand, funk-pop and disco-pop are subgenres of pop.
  3. The rock genre was never played in commercials to sustain popularity. However, the pop genre played a huge role in promoting the product in advertisements.
  4. Rock is linked with the genre of rock and roll. On the contrary, pop means the popular genre of music.
  5. Rock music is played in groups known as bands. On the other hand, pop music can sometimes be played solo by vocal or in a group with musical instruments.
Difference Between Rock and Pop


  1. https://asa.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1121/1.3263611
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=laQjEAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR7&dq=rock+and+pop&ots=dq1etKrY4A&sig=TPGgCnvw9ZnCwJhUzsmaMomfHPE
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