Steel vs Brass: Difference and Comparison

There are so many metals and alloys made out of metals present out there. These are used in making so many things we see in our daily lives and use.

Key Takeaways

  1. Steel, an alloy of iron and carbon, exhibits greater strength and durability than brass, a blend of copper and zinc.
  2. Brass demonstrates superior corrosion resistance and a more vibrant, golden appearance than steel, making it a popular choice for decorative and artistic applications.
  3. Steel and brass have distinct thermal and electrical conductivity properties, with brass being a better conductor of heat and electricity than steel, influencing their use in various industries.

Steel vs Brass

Steel is a type of metal having ninety-nine percent of iron and one percent of carbon. It can be used in the construction of buildings. Different parts of cars can also be manufactured using steel. Brass contains seventy percent of copper and thirty percent of zinc. Brass can be used in the making of kitchen utensils. 

Steel vs Brass
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The alloy of steel is a mixture of carbon and iron, which has properties that it has high weldability. This alloy is so hard and has a property that makes it highly ductile.

The alloy of brass is a mixture of copper and zinc, which has properties that makes it a high conductor of electricity. It has a difference in colors and also is highly malleable, which makes it easier to be shaped into thin wires and tubes for joining in electrical wires.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonSteelBrass
AlloyIt is an alloy containing 99% of iron and 1% of carbon.It is an alloy containing 70% of copper and 30% of zinc.
UsesThis is commonly observed to be used in making buildings and other construction work and various parts of the body of cars and other vehicles.This is used for making many types of kitchen utensils and various types of musical instruments.
CorrosionThis corrodes easily when exposed to dust and air particles.This does not corrode easily at all and looks like gold.
DuctilityThis isn’t that ductile.This has a high amount of Ductility.
CostThis is a cheap alloy.This is an expensive alloy.

What is Steel?

Steel is an alloy made of a composition of iron and carbon. They may sometimes also contain a little composition of other metals when they are made. Steel is ductile but only to a limited extent.

The metal is said to be having a very high strength. Even though it’s strong, it has a toughness to it, which does not make it that malleable by nature for making things.

There are so many permutations where the composition of metals takes place through the treatment of heat today. There is a presence of carbon in the alloy of steel, which has very sensitive properties.

steel

What is Brass?

Brass is an alloy that is made of a composition of zinc and copper. The proportion of the content of zinc, while it is made for creating an alloy of zinc, can be in any proportion.

The more the amount of zinc is included in the alloy of brass, the more it will be all strong and ductile. This allows will have very good Ductility when a copper proportion is added more than 63 percent in the alloy.

Since this metal is made under very low temperatures, it makes it very easy to be cast. Brass is not that expensive. The color of this alloy can be yellow, red, gold, or even orange.

brass

Main Differences Between Steel and Brass

  1. Steel isn’t as ductile as brass; on the other hand, brass has high Ductility, making it bend for making many things.
  2. In today’s market, steel is cheap as compared to brass, and on the other hand, in today’s market, brass is expensive as compared to steel.
Difference Between Steel and Brass
References
  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010938X20304601
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0921509392903382

Last Updated : 25 June, 2023

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