The mobile phone is the single device that has changed this century’s communication mode. These devices also offer lightning-fast messaging services and connectivity to the world.
Even though humans have been communicating through messaging like letters and telegram for centuries, nothing has revolutionized messaging like texting and iMessage.
According to an estimate, every day, millions of message goes through these services. Although, from a basic overview, texting and iMessage look the same.
But deep down, they use different technologies and offer other services.
- Texting is a form of communication using the Short Message Service (SMS). At the same time, iMessage is an Apple-specific messaging service that uses data to send messages between iOS and macOS devices.
- Texting relies on cellular networks and has a character limit of 160 characters, while iMessage uses Wi-Fi or mobile data and has no character limit.
- iMessage supports additional features such as read receipts, group messaging, and multimedia sharing, while texting is limited to plain text messages.
Texting vs iMessage
Texting is a basic messaging service that only supports text messages and has limited multimedia capabilities, allowing users to send and receive text messages using their mobile device’s cellular network. iMessage is a messaging service that uses Apple’s proprietary messaging protocol.
|Parameter of Comparison
|What is it
|A generic messaging solution for all phones.
|A proprietary messaging service for Apple phones and computer devices only.
|SMS and MMS.
|Apple Push Notification service (APNs).
|Text sharing limitation
|One hundred sixty characters in a single message.
|No character limitation on text sharing.
|Data sharing limitation
|300kb data can be sent through the MMS service.
|Twenty-five megabytes of files can be shared in a single message.
|Internet or Wi-Fi.
|Not free, and it depends on the tariff plan of the mobile service provider.
What is Texting?
Texting is also commonly referred to as text messaging, SMS (Short Message Service) or MMS (multimedia messaging service). With this service, alphanumeric text can be sent from mobile devices.
This system is used for personal, business, and social communication.
Two types of text messages can be sent from mobile devices. These are digital text formats and small multimedia formats.
Only text format can be sent through the SMS service from one device to another. Generally, through the SMS service, anyone can send only 160 characters in a message.
On the other hand, through MMS service, small digital pictures, videos, or sounds can be sent over devices. Usually, 300kb of data can be transmitted through the MMS service.
Texting feature is available on every type of mobile phone, regardless of their company brand or version. However, how many text message can be sent through one device depend on the cellular contract.
In the earlier days of texting, most cell phone service providers used to charge for text messages.
Nowadays, they offer unlimited free texting with various tariff plans. Currently, text messaging is considered an essential service.
For this, there is no requirement for an internet or Wi-Fi connection to mobile devices. However, the cell phone must have cellular signal reception for message sending and receiving.
What is iMessage?
iMessage is a native messaging solution only for Apple devices. In 2011, it was introduced to replace the iChat messaging service.
This messaging solution is available to iOS 5 and later versions of operating systems. It is a proprietary messaging service of Apple devices, and no other phone brand can use it.
Along with texts, photos, and video sharing, this application also supports location, app info, and sticker sharing. iMessage uses an Apple Push Notification service (APN) binary protocol for message sharing.
It uses the internet or Wi-Fi as a communication medium.
iMessage service is free, and Apple does not charge a customer for using this service. Any user can send an unlimited amount of messages through this service.
There is no character limit for the iMessage service. Most of the time, anyone can send up to 20,000 characters long text in a single message.
Pictures and videos are limited to 25 megabytes of file size per message.
The encryption system for the iMessage service is also an industry standard and is regarded as the world’s most advanced digital security system. iMessage service has an easy user interface, and it displays the live status of other iMessage users.
On this messaging platform, a user can see whether or not another user has read his message.
Main Differences Between Texting and iMessage
- Texting is a generic messaging solution for all phones, including iPhones and Android. On the other hand, iMessage is a proprietary messaging service for Apple phones and computer devices only.
- SMS (Short Message Service) and MMS (multimedia messaging service) technology are used for texting services. At the same time, the Apple Push Notification service (APN) is used for iMessaging.
- The character limit for every text message is only 160 characters. However, there is no character limitation on text sharing for iMessage.
- On 300kb, data can be sent through the MMS texting service. But a maximum of 25 megabytes of file can be shared through iMessage in a single message.
- Texting services do not offer any encryption security. However, the encryption security level is very high on iMessage.
- Mobile phone uses the cellular network for communication, while iMessage uses the internet or Wi-Fi.
- Cell phone reception companies may charge for texting services. But the iMessage service is entirely free.
Last Updated : 11 June, 2023
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Sandeep Bhandari holds a Bachelor of Engineering in Computers from Thapar University (2006). He has 20 years of experience in the technology field. He has a keen interest in various technical fields, including database systems, computer networks, and programming. You can read more about him on his bio page.