Difference Between Texting and Email

As time went by and people started to move away from their hometowns in search of job or education, the need for a better method of communication that can reach across to the other person was required. Over the years there have been many modes for communication, some being limited to a small region whereas others being world-wide.

Texting and email are two modes of such communication. The latter is also called an online letter.

The two have been one of the most commonly used modes of communication that helps people connect to others in a short time. But what is the difference between them?

Texting vs Email

The main difference between Texting and Email is that texting requires cellular data whereas email requires a stable internet connection. Texting also does not require a specific platform whereas email has a platform supported by devices that have an internet connection.

Texting vs Email

Texting is an informal method of communication that is termed as an exchange of short messages called texts between people over mobile phones. They are commonly used for urgent matters as they are easier to tend to.

They do not require an internet connection but only cellular data and a working phone. Emails are the formal method of communication that is the exchange of professional messages between two email account holders.

They are a reliable source but cannot be used in a time of urgency. Though they can be sent through any device that supports the platform, they need a stable internet connection.

Comparison Table Between Texting and Email

Parameters of ComparisonTextingEmail
ModeInformal mode of communication It is a formal mode of communication
MeaningExchange of short messages called texts over mobilesExchange of messages through professional speech etiquette
DependencyCellular dataStable internet connection
Done viaMobile phones onlyAny device with stable internet like mobiles, laptops, pc, etc.
Method of communication that isUrgentReliable

What is Texting?

Texting is the electronic exchange of short messages called texts between two individuals with a mobile phone. The basic requirements are a mobile phone and a good cellular data.

Initially, it was used only for alphanumeric messages but it has progressed with technology. It now has the facility to send even multimedia.

Multimedia includes images, videos and emoticons.

Texting is generally used between family members or for business purposes. Government and non-government organizations also use text messages to deliver the information to the required individuals.

It is used in situations where a call is not required but neither can we wait for the individual to check their emails. It was a quick and short mode of communication and was used in case of emergency.


What is Email?

Email is defined as the exchange of electronic messages between people with different devices. The basic requirements for sending an email are a stable internet connection and a device that supports the platform for emails such as phones, laptops, PCs, etc.

Emails were first introduced such that they could be sent only between the same computers. But later it was upgraded and now the latest versions allow sending emails to not only different devices but also different platforms of email like Yahoo, Gmail, Hotmail etc.

Emails are a more reliable mode of communication. The sender and the receiver are not required to be online at the same time and can also take their time for replying since they do not require immediate attention in most of the cases.

They are generally used by institutions and various other organizations that required to send a formal message rather than an urgent one. Emails are seen to be used for maintaining professionalism in communication and is also used for business to promote their products and services.


Main Differences Between Texting and Email

  1. The notable difference between texting and email is that texting is an informal mode of communication whereas email is a formal mode of communication.
  2. Texting is referred to as the exchange of short messages via mobile phones. The short messages are called texts. Email is an exchange of messages through professional speech etiquette.
  3. Texting is supported by cellular data. Good cellular data is the only requirement for texting. On the other hand, a stable internet connection is a must for emails.
  4. Texting cannot be done through any other device except mobile phones with an active sim in place. While emails can be sent through any device that supports the website/app like mobile phones, laptops, PC, etc.
  5. When the need to deliver the message is urgent, texting is preferred. Email is only a reliable method of communication.
  6. Texting does not require a particular platform. It can be done through any mobile devices and is independent of platforms. Whereas emails are platform dependent.
Difference Between Texting and Email


Communication has been the key to the current world as we watch our loved ones move far from us. The various platforms and devices that have been made just to make communication easier was started with telegram services and has now moved on to more advanced options like texting, emails, etc.

Texting is composing and sending short messages that often contain alphanumeric characters. They require a mobile phone with good cellular data.

Texting is available only over a short-range and is also dependent on the availability of the network. They are used in times of urgency.

Emails are the exchange of messages termed as mails. They are often seen to be used in professional settings where one needs to reach out to the others.

In emails, it is possible to send it to more than one recipients and also let the recipients know to the other receivers of the same mail. Emails and texting are used for different purposes.

It is not accurate to send a short message like ‘I will be home by 9 p.m.’ through emails but it is accurate to send such texts through texting. With texting, there are higher chances of receiving an immediate reply while this cannot be assured in the case of emails.


  1. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/7235822/
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