Difference Between White and Yellow Cheddar Cheese

Dairy Products are excellent derivatives of calcium tablets and other nutrient supplements. Dairy items are made from the milk of milk-producing animals like camels, sheep, buffalo, and cows, etc.

Dairy foods include yogurt, cheese, butter, and cream, etc. Dairy foods are easily available throughout the world.

Cheese is a very famous dairy item and is produced everywhere in many different varieties. The most popular cheeses include mozzarella, cheddar, and gouda, etc.

The Cheddar Cheese is a semi-hard off-white natural cheese and has different types like mild cheddar cheese, sharp or extra sharp cheddar cheese, white cheddar cheese, etc.

White vs Yellow Cheddar Cheese

The main difference between White and Yellow Cheddar Cheese is that White Cheddar Cheese is usually pure or off-white and is naturally made up of cow milk without adding any chemical additives. Whereas, Yellow Cheddar is yellow because of the annatto dye, which is a chemical dye.

White and Yellow Cheddar Cheese

White Cheddar Cheese comes in three varieties the mild White Cheddar, Sharp White Cheddar, and Extra Sharp White Cheddar.

Among them, the Extra Sharp White Cheddar Cheese is more costly as it is aged for a long period of ten to eighteen months. Due to the process of aging, its tastes become sharper and tangier.

The Yellow Cheddar is more popular as compared to White Cheddar because the first time cheddar was produced, it was yellowish.

Due to variations in the milk of the cow, the color of cheddar changes, which leads to yellow pigments and makes the cheese yellow in color.

Comparison Table Between White and Yellow Cheddar Cheese

Parameters of ComparisonWhite Cheddar CheeseYellow Cheddar Cheese
DefinitionWhite Cheddar Cheese is the non-colored variety of cheddar cheese and is mostly used cheese. The cheddar cheese, which is colored yellow is called Yellow Cheddar Cheese. This color is due to adding natural food dye.
UsesGenerally, White Cheddar Cheese is melted and is used as a sauce to eat with pasta, fries, chicken, etc. Yellow Cheddar Cheese is used as stuffing in cheeseburgers, sandwiches, and rolls, etc.
ColorAs the name describes it is white or off-white, which is its natural color. Yellow Cheddar Cheese is colored with the help of dye that gives it an orange or yellowish color.
TasteWhite Cheddar Cheese is very sharp in taste and has a mild spicy sort of flavor. Yellow Cheddar Cheese is also sharp in taste but does not have a spicy taste.
TextureWhite Cheddar Cheese is slightly crumbly in texture and is semi-hard. Yellow Cheddar Cheese is harder than White Cheddar Cheese.

What is White Cheddar Cheese?

The White or Vermont style Cheddar cheese is natural Cheddar cheese and, it does not contain any added color or any added flavor unlike, the Yellow Cheddar.

The grass that the cow eats could affect the color of White Cheddar. The fresh grass contains more beta carotin, which is a red-orange pigment found in the plant due to which the cheese turns yellow.

Like every other cheese first, rennet is added to milk to curdle it or to make it thick, then the solid curd is separated from the liquid whey, then it is heated now here comes the process of cheddaring in which these solid curds is shattered into slabs and repeatedly piles up one another and turn.

The cheddar cheese is then aged for three to six months. Sharp or extra sharp cheddar is aged for six to eighteen months so, the more the cheese is aged, the sharper it tastes become.

What is Yellow Cheddar Cheese?

The Orange or Yellow Cheddar was first produced in southwest England in the seventeenth century in a village called cheddar village, due to which it is named cheddar cheese.

Earlier, people do not bother much about the color of the cheese. It was in the 18th or 19th century when the cheesemaker started using annatto, a natural food dye, to give the cheese a consistent look.

The food dye annatto does not affect the taste of the Yellow Cheddar cheese. Although the taste of annatto is peppery, it is used in every small quantity.

Therefore its taste does not affect the cheese taste. It also does not the nutritional value of the Yellow Cheddar Cheese.

The process of making Yellow Cheddar is the same as White Cheddar. The only difference is the color additives used.

Earlier the cheesemaker used saffron, marigold, and carrot juice as color additives, but now all the cheesemakers prefer annatto as a color additive.

Main Differences Between White and Yellow Cheddar Cheese

  1. White Cheddar Cheese is the non-colored variety of cheddar cheese and is mostly used naturally processed cheese. On the other hand, the cheddar cheese, which is colored yellow, is called Yellow Cheddar Cheese. This color is due to adding natural food dye.
  2. Yellow Cheddar Cheese is harder than White Cheddar Cheese and, the smoothness depends on the age of the cheese. Whereas, White Cheddar Cheese is slightly crumbly in texture and is semi-hard.
  3. Yellow Cheddar Cheese is used as stuffing in cheeseburgers, sandwiches, and rolls, etc. While White Cheddar Cheese is melted and is used as a sauce to eat with pasta, fries, chicken, etc.
  4. Yellow Cheddar Cheese is colored with the help of dye that gives it an orange or yellowish color. While the White Cheddar Cheese is naturally off-white.
  5. White Cheddar Cheese is very sharp in taste and has a mild spicy sort of flavor. Whereas, Yellow Cheddar Cheese is also sharp in taste but does not have a spicy taste.
Difference Between White and Yellow Cheddar Cheese

Conclusion

Both the Yellow and the White Cheddar can be substituted for each other, as there is no taste difference. The only difference one could detect is the different colors of the cheddar cheese.

Naturally, the cheese is off-white. The cheesemaker uses color additives only to give their cheese a consistent look throughout the year.

To show that their cheese is naturally yellow, as it was when first produced in England, and also to prove that the cheese is made from high-quality milk, the cheesemaker uses chemical dyes.

References

  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1750-3841.14998
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1745-459X.2009.00243.x
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