Cyclone vs Tsunami: Difference and Comparison

You will be familiar with various natural disasters that exist in the universe.

Cyclones and Tsunamis are examples of natural disasters that take place on Earth. Cyclone is associated with low atmospheric pressure, while Tsunami is large water waves. Although both are destructive, they have some dissimilarities too.

Key Takeaways

  1. A Cyclone is a rotating storm with high winds and heavy rain, while a Tsunami is a series of ocean waves caused by an underwater earthquake, volcanic eruption, or landslide.
  2. Cyclones primarily threaten coastal regions, while Tsunamis can affect coastal areas around the ocean basin.
  3. Cyclones can be predicted and monitored using advanced technology, while Tsunamis are more difficult to predict and can strike without warning.

Cyclone vs Tsunami

A cyclone is a severe storm that originates over warm ocean water in tropical regions and is caused by a system of winds that are rotating inwards to an area of low barometric pressure. A tsunami is a series of giant, destructive ocean waves caused by earthquakes or an undersea volcanic eruption.

Cyclone vs Tsunami

A Cyclone is a natural disaster resulting in destructive and violent storms rotating about the low-pressure zone. It originated in various parts of the world and developed by the winds.

Cyclones cause heavy rainfall, which consequently results in a flood. In the earth’s northern hemisphere, it rotates counterclockwise, while in the southern hemisphere, the direction of a cyclone would be clockwise.

A Tsunami is a violent form of water wave that arise due to a disturbance in the ocean or an earthquake. The word Tsunami is derived from the Japanese language, which means harbour wave.

It is a non-predictive form of natural disaster. The high intensity of a tsunami can be dangerous for livelihood and cause severe damage.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonCycloneTsunami
What is it?A cyclone is a destructive and violent storm that rotates about a low-pressure zone.A Tsunami is the violent form of water waves that arise due to disturbance in the ocean or earthquake.
OriginThe word ‘Cyclone’ originated from the Greek word.The word ‘Tsunami’ originated from the Japanese word.
PredictionIt can be predicted.It cannot be predicted.
DevelopmentCyclone is developed due to the windA tsunami is developed with the help of an earthquake
DamagesA cyclone caused strong winds, thunderstorms, and rainfallTsunami will cause an abnormal rise in water

What is Cyclone?

Cyclone is derived from the Greek word ‘Cyclos,’ which means coiling snake. It is a destructive wind system in which the winds rotate in the direction inward around a low-pressure area.

Also Read:  Gram-Positive vs Gram-Negative Bacteria: Difference and Comparison

It can be predicted and cause rainfall, strong winds, and thunderstorm. The cyclone can be observed or detected in various parts of the world. They are formed over water and further developed by winds.

The cyclone is characterized by six broad types:

  • Polar Cyclone- It is less damaging and majorly arises in less populated areas and can be as wide as 2000km.
  • Polar Lows- It is difficult to predict, and its horizontal length or width can be 1000 km.
  • Extra-Tropical Cyclone- It produces thunderstorms, and this can be done by cloudy weather.
  • Subtropical Cyclone- This type of cyclone needs a mid-tropospheric cyclone.
  • Tropical Cyclone- It results in violent storms and strong winds with 4000 km diameter.
  • Meso Cyclones- They are hardly considered destructive and have 2kms to 10kms in diameter.

What is Tsunami?

The word ‘Tsunami’ originated from a Japanese word that means harbour. The nature of all kinds of tsunamis would be almost similar, but they have different intensities.

This type of natural disaster is majorly occurring or raised in the Pacific region, but it will not be predicted if this violent water wave will strike a place.

The destruction or damage caused by Tsunami is worst or more destructive. A Tsunami is caused by a disturbance in the ocean or due to an earthquake. The tsunami waves can reach up to 100 mph.

If the tsunami is developed or formed, then it results in an earthquake under the water with an intensity of up to 28. The water would be pushed in the upwards direction and have the potential and capability to destroy a whole nation.


Main Differences Between Cyclone and Tsunami

  1. Natural Disasters is one of the major reason that causes heavy damage to life and property. Cyclones and tsunamis are two such natural disasters that cause severe damage to livelihood that may last for many decades. The word cyclone is derived from the Greek word ‘Cyclos,’ which means coiling snake, and on the other hand, Tsunami is derived from the Japanese word, which means harbour.
  2. The destruction caused by a natural disaster can be deadly and dangerous. It is important to understand the meaning of these two terms. A cyclone results in destructive and violent storms that rotate about the low-pressure zone. On the contrary, A Tsunami is a violent form of water wave that arise due to a disturbance in the ocean or an earthquake.
  3. A cyclone is broadly characterized by six types, and it can occur in various parts of the world. On the other side, a tsunami majorly occurred or arises in the Pacific region. If the prediction is concerned, a cyclone can be predicted by the scientist, but a tsunami cannot be predicted. In other words, a scientist will find it difficult to correctly predict if a tsunami strikes a place or not.
  4. The formation of the natural disaster may vary from one to another. Most natural disasters are considered violent and destructive, but the intensity of their destructiveness depends on their intensity or type. The cyclones are consist of six types, Polar Cyclone, Subtropical Cyclone, Polar Lows, Meso cyclones, extratropical cyclones, and tropical cyclones. On the other hand, tsunamis are the same. They have different intensities.
  5. The damage caused by natural disasters can be severe and quite deadly. A cyclone is developed by the wind. Consequently cause thunderstorms, rainfall, and strong winds. On the contrary, a tsunami is developed due to the earthquake can result in the abnormal rise of water in various water bodies.
Difference Between Cyclone and Tsunami
Also Read:  Quartz vs Corian: Difference and Comparison

Last Updated : 13 July, 2023

dot 1
One request?

I’ve put so much effort writing this blog post to provide value to you. It’ll be very helpful for me, if you consider sharing it on social media or with your friends/family. SHARING IS ♥️

21 thoughts on “Cyclone vs Tsunami: Difference and Comparison”

  1. The detailed explanation of the differences between cyclones and tsunamis is enlightening. It is crucial to acknowledge the unique attributes of these natural disasters to facilitate informed decision-making in disaster risk reduction efforts.

    • The insights provided in this article highlight the diverse features of cyclones and tsunamis, contributing to a deeper understanding of their potential impacts. Such knowledge is invaluable for enhancing resilience to these severe natural events.

    • The comparison of cyclones and tsunamis underscores the significance of recognizing their distinct characteristics. This understanding is pivotal for formulating effective disaster management strategies and promoting community resilience.

  2. This article provides valuable insights into the historical, scientific, and geographical aspects of cyclones and tsunamis. Understanding the origins and characteristics of these natural disasters is essential for promoting resilience in vulnerable regions.

  3. The in-depth descriptions of cyclones and tsunamis emphasize their distinct formations and consequences. It is vital to comprehend these differences to enhance disaster management practices and minimize the impacts of such catastrophic events.

    • The comprehensive explanation helps in comprehending the complexities associated with cyclones and tsunamis. Awareness of these natural phenomena is crucial for effective disaster preparedness and response.

  4. The comprehensive comparison of cyclones and tsunamis highlights their diverse characteristics and consequences. It is important to understand these distinctions for implementing appropriate disaster management and mitigation measures.

  5. Cyclones and Tsunamis cause severe destruction to their surroundings, and it is informative to learn about their differences. It is interesting to note that while cyclones can be predicted, tsunamis cannot.

    • It is fascinating to know about these natural disasters. Both cyclones and tsunamis are capable of causing catastrophic destruction, and it is crucial to understand how they occur and the differences between them.

    • Understanding the nature and characteristics of cyclones and tsunamis is important to better prepare for and respond to these disasters. It’s interesting to learn about the historical and scientific aspects of these events.

  6. The comprehensive elucidation of cyclones and tsunamis contributes to a deeper understanding of their distinct features and implications. Recognizing the unique characteristics of these natural disasters is essential for enhancing disaster resilience efforts.

    • The detailed descriptions of cyclones and tsunamis enhance our awareness of these natural phenomena and their potential impacts. This knowledge is vital for promoting effective disaster preparedness and risk reduction.

  7. The comparison table provides a clear distinction between cyclones and tsunamis in terms of their origin, predictability, and the damages they cause. It is essential to be aware of these differences to develop effective emergency response strategies.

    • The detailed explanation of the main differences between cyclones and tsunamis enhances our understanding of these natural disasters. Their distinct characteristics and impacts further highlight the significance of preparedness and mitigation measures.

    • The comparison of the development and nature of cyclones and tsunamis helps in recognizing the unique features of each disaster. This knowledge contributes to advancing our understanding of their potential implications and the importance of risk reduction.

  8. This article offers a comprehensive analysis of the distinct nature and consequences of cyclones and tsunamis. The detailed comparison between these natural disasters is instrumental in fostering an informed approach to disaster management and resilience building.

  9. The detailed descriptions of cyclones and tsunamis provide valuable insights into the science and impacts of these natural disasters. Understanding their distinct features is essential for ensuring effective disaster preparedness and response.

    • The comprehensive overview of cyclones and tsunamis enriches our knowledge of these phenomena and their implications. It is essential to comprehend their characteristics to enhance disaster risk reduction initiatives.

  10. The informative content detailing the differences between cyclones and tsunamis is instrumental in advancing our understanding of these natural disasters. This knowledge is indispensable for developing robust disaster risk reduction measures.

    • The comparative analysis of cyclones and tsunamis elucidates the unique characteristics of these natural disasters. Such insights are critical for enhancing community preparedness and resilience to severe environmental events.

    • The thorough examination of cyclones and tsunamis enhances our understanding of the diverse impacts of these natural disasters. This understanding is pivotal for formulating comprehensive disaster management strategies.


Leave a Comment

Want to save this article for later? Click the heart in the bottom right corner to save to your own articles box!