Egg vs Sperm Cell Formation: Difference and Comparison

The human body undergoes various transformations and processes over the course of its entire existence.

These changes lead to a certain result in their body, and these changes may either be permanent or temporary. In the human body, there are several organs and cells that perform various roles.

These cells and organs have their independent role and function to play in the human body.

They are significant enough because they help keep the human body healthy, fit and immune and keep it away from any disorder or any other severe diseases that might occur.

Various cells are formed at different ages of a human being’s lifetime. Two of those cells are sperm in males and eggs in females.

Key Takeaways

  1. Egg cells are formed in the ovaries of a female fetus, while sperm cells are formed in the testes of a male fetus.
  2. Egg cells are much larger than sperm cells and are visible to the naked eye, while sperm cells are much smaller and can only be seen under a microscope.
  3. Egg cells are released once a month during ovulation, while sperm cells are produced continuously throughout a man’s life.

Egg vs Sperm Cell Formation

Egg cell formation is the process involved in forming the female reproductive cell or egg cell, where the egg cell becomes mature and turns into an ovum. It occurs in the ovaries. Sperm cell formation is the creation of a sperm cell in a male reproductive system, and this occurs in the epididymis.

Egg vs Sperm Cell Formation

The formation of the female reproductive cell, also known as the egg cell, is known as egg cell formation. There are several minuscule processes that engage during the entire egg cell formation.

The female reproductive system in humans is quite different from the male reproductive system. The growth process of an egg cell when it becomes mature and transforms into an ovum is known as oogenesis.

Other than that, menstruation, fertilization, and other processes occur as well.

The formation of the male reproductive cell, also known as the sperm cell, is known as sperm cell formation. Sperm cell formation is a crucial process in the entire male reproductive system.

It plays an important role in the male’s reproductive health and wellness. The male reproductive system is quite different from the female reproductive system.

The body organs and the processes that take place in the respective reproductive systems are quite different.

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Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonEgg Cell FormationSperm Cell Formation
Meaning/ DefinitionThe formation of the female reproductive cell, also known as the egg cell, is known as egg cell formation.The formation of the male reproductive cell, also known as the sperm cell, is known as sperm cell formation.
Occurs inFemalesMales
Cell nameEgg or OvaSperm
DevelopmentThe development of egg cells occurs in the ovaries.The development of sperm cells occurs in the epididymis.
SizeBigger than the sperm cells.Smaller than the egg cells.

What is Egg Cell Formation?

The formation of the female reproductive cell, also known as the egg cell, is known as egg cell formation. Egg cell formation is a crucial process in the entire female reproductive system.

It plays an important role in the female’s reproductive health and wellness. The female reproductive system is quite different from the male reproductive system.

The body organs and the processes that take place in the respective reproductive systems are quite different.

There are several minuscule processes that engage during the entire egg cell formation. The female reproductive system in humans is quite different from the male reproductive system.

The growth process of an egg cell when it becomes mature and transforms into an ovum is known as oogenesis. Other than that, menstruation, fertilization, and other processes occur as well.

The female reproductive cell is known as an egg or is also known as an ova. It is quite larger than the male reproductive cell, which is known as sperm. Egg cells or ova develop in the ovaries of the female.

They also undergo several other processes that are also a crucial part of the female reproductive system. It is not necessary that all the egg cells or ova undergo the maturity phase, which is also known as oogenesis.

During the menstrual cycle in the females, every month, an egg cell is released. The egg cells are already present in a newborn baby girl. They are already present, and they are in a lot of quantities.

Studies have found that nearly millions of cells are already present in newborn females. The hormone that is responsible for the egg cells or the ova formation in females is known as estrogen.

egg cell formation

What is Sperm Cell Formation?

The formation of the male reproductive cell, also known as the sperm cell, is known as sperm cell formation. There are several minuscule processes that engage during the entire sperm cell formation.

The male reproductive system in humans is quite different from the female reproductive system.

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Sperm cell formation is a crucial process in the entire male reproductive system. It plays an important role in the male’s reproductive health and wellness.

The male reproductive system is quite different from the female reproductive system. The body organs and the processes that take place in the respective reproductive systems are quite different.

One of the similarities between egg cell formation and sperm cell formation is that both cells undergo the process of meiosis.

However, this male reproductive cell is not already present in the male newborns like the egg cells are present in the female newborns. The development of the sperm cells occurs in the epididymis.

These reproductive cells are constantly being reproduced in the male body, and they are not present when the male is born.

However, the structure of the sperm cell has a tail, and it is transferable. The hormone present in the males that is responsible for sperm cell formation in the male reproductive system is known as testosterone.

sperm cell formation

Main Differences Between Egg and Sperm Cell Formation

  1. During egg cell formation, the development of the egg cell or ova takes place in the ovaries that are present in the females. On the other hand, during sperm cell formation, the development of the sperm cell takes place in the epididymis.
  2. The cell formed during egg cell formation is egg or ova. On the other hand, the cell that is formed during sperm cell formation is sperm.
  3. Egg cell formation occurs in females. On the other hand, sperm cell formation occurs in males.
  4. The egg cell or ova in the egg cell formation is bigger than the sperm in the sperm cell formation.
  5. The egg cell or ova in the egg cell formation is not transferable, or it is not movable. On the other hand, the sperm in the sperm cell formation is transferable and movable.
Difference Between Egg and Sperm Cell Formation
References
  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc160367/
  2. https://analyticalsciencejournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/pmic.200800588

Last Updated : 03 September, 2023

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17 thoughts on “Egg vs Sperm Cell Formation: Difference and Comparison”

  1. Interesting article, it’s crucial to understand the differences in reproductive cell formation and their functions in the human body.

    Reply
  2. The comparison table provided is very helpful in understanding the differences between egg cell and sperm cell formation.

    Reply

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