Difference Between Hindustani Music and Carnatic Music

Music will always be a good companion for us. There are different types of music available.

The Hindustani and Carnatic are two different types of music. Both of them need focus and hard work to learn and master.

Hindustani Music vs Carnatic Music

The main difference between Hindustani Music and Carnatic Music is their tunes. Hindustani music has only six rags, whereas Carnatic music has seventy-two rags. Hindustani has seven sub-styles in signing, but Carnatic has only one style in signing. In north India, Hindustani music got originated. In south India, Carnatic music got originated.

Hindustani vs Carnatic Music

In northern regions, Hindustani is considered classical music. Northern classical music and Hindustani shastriya music are the other names of Hindustani music.

In the 12th century CE, Hindustani music was originated in northern India. While looking with ragas, Hindustani has good improvement and exploration.

Hindustani is a melodic musical or raga that can be sung by tala. Hindustani music has no method or concept of harmony.

During the period of Natya Shatra and Dattilam, the principles of Hindustani are improved.

In southern India, Carnatic music was originated. In south India, it is called Karnataka Samgita or Karnataka Sangitam. In Indian classical music, Carnatic music is one of the subgenres.

Vocal music is considered the major factor in Carnatic music. Carnatic music is performed in gayaki style.

Basic elements like sruti, Swara, tala, and raga will help to improve the composition and improvisation in Carnatic music. Only by compositions.

The Carnatic music is developed. It mainly uses the Kriti or kritinam.

Comparison Table Between Hindustani Music and Carnatic Music

Parameters of comparisonHindustani MusicCarnatic Music
OriginHindustani originated in North IndiaCarnatic originated in South India
Indian traditionHindustani is heterogenousCarnatic music is homogenous
CharactersHindustani is secularCarnatic is intellectual
GharanasHindustani has many gharanasCarnatic has no gharanas
Sub-styleHindustani has seven sub-stylesCarnatic has only one sub-styles

What is Hindustani Music?

In northern regions, Hindustani is considered classical music. Northern classical music and Hindustani shastriya music are the other names of Hindustani music.

In the 12th century CE, Hindustani music was originated in northern India. While looking with ragas, Hindustani has good improvement and exploration.

Hindustani is a melodic musical or raga that can be sung by tala. Hindustani music has no method or concept of harmony.

During the period of Natya Shatra and Dattilam, the principles of Hindustani are improved.

In the 16th century, music styles with gharanas are emerged. It is used in many princely courts. Based on the notes, some gharanas are called thaats by Vishnu Narayan Bhathhande in 1900.

Sometimes it is a flawed system, but the gharanas make its heuristic.

In Mughal Empire, Northern India undergoes various cultural interchanges. During the ancient period, the musicians have separate patronage and services.

The initial generation in music adopts new techniques from outside of India and improves the traditions and culture. They are helpful in spreading the kingdoms in many ways.

By the guru-shishya method, Hindustani music is imparted on a one-on-one basis. This method has both its pros and cons.

Raja Chakradhar Singh of Raigarh is the one and last king, who patronize Hindustani singers in the modern era.

What is Carnatic Music?

In southern India, Carnatic music was originated. In south India, it is called Karnataka Samgita or Karnataka Sangitam. In Indian classical music, Carnatic music is one of the subgenres.

Vocal music is considered the major factor in Carnatic music. Carnatic music is performed in gayaki style. Basic elements like sruti, Swara, tala, and raga will help to improve the composition and improvisation in Carnatic music.

Only by compositions. The Carnatic music is developed. It mainly uses the Kriti or kritinam.

By compositions, Carnatic music is taught to the students. In the evolution of Carnatic music, the Telugu language has more significance.

Along with the Tamil language few compositions have Telugu and Sanskrit incubations. With a principal performer and a few background singers, Carnatic music is performed on the stage.

They use tambura, Violin, venu, and other instruments. Chennai city is the big concentration of Carnatic music. Madras Music Season is one of the world’s largest music festivals.

Many Carnatic music festivals are conducted in Chennai.

There are many structures in the composing of Carnatic music. The Pallavi, Anupallavi, and Charana are the three basic units.

A song with these three is called keerthanam or kriti. In Indian music, notation is not a new concept. There is a growth and oral change in Carnatic music.

In the 17th and 18th centuries, written notation came into practice. Pundara Dasa played a significant role in the growth of Carnatic music.

He contributes many basic elements and basic lessons. In Swaravalis and Alankaras, he structured many exercises. He helped many beginners to learn Carnatic music.

Main Differences Between Hindustani Music and Carnatic Music

  1. Hindustani has seven sub-styles, and Carnatic has only one sub-styles.
  2. Hindustani has many gharanas, and Carnatic has no gharanas.
  3. In Indian tradition, Hindustani is secular, whereas Carnatic is intellectual.
  4. Hindustani is heterogeneous, whereas Carnatic music is homogenous in Indian tradition.
  5. Hindustani originated in North India, and Carnatic originated in South India.

Conclusion

Hindustani music and Carnatic music are two different varieties of music.

Both of them have distinct tunes and ragas. Hindustani is originated in North India, whereas Carnatic is originated in South India. Both of them are very popular music in India.

They have separate cultures and traditions. People need focus and meditation to learn this two different music. It is vital to know the history of two music to know the depth of the music.

Both of them have a unique history and many followers. It is in practice since ancient.

You can easily learn this music by focus and determination.

References

  1. https://compmusic.upf.edu/system/files/static_files/Viraraghavan-et-al-ISMIR-2017.pdf
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