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Difference Between Islam and Sikhism (With Table)

Religion is an agency of socialization. It forms the basis of humanity and brotherhood. A sense of community and belonging is brought through religion. Two common and popular religions over the world are Islam and Sikhism. Both religions are monotheistic but have distinct teachings and features.

Islam vs Sikhism

The main difference between Islam and Sikhism is that Islam is Abrahamic Religion while Sikhism is Dharmic religion. The followers of Islam are known as Muslims while the followers of Sikhism are known as Sikhs. The sacred place in the Islam religion is Mecca while the sacred place in Sikhism is in Amritsar.

Muslims follow the teachings of Muhammad. Religion ranks among the second-largest in the world. It has over 1.9 billion followers. The teachers in Islam are known as Rasools or Nabis. In Islam, the Muslims worship only one God who is known as Allah.

While Sikhism is considered the fifth largest religion in the world. There are over 30 million followers of the religion Sikhism. The teachers are known as Gurus. The monotheistic religion believes in Waheguru who is nirankar that is shapeless, Akal that is timeless, and Karta purakh that is the creator.

Comparison Table Between Islam vs Sikhism

Parameters of Comparison IslamSikhism
Auspicious days or festivals The widely celebrated festival in Islam is EidThe widely celebrated festival in Sikhism is Guruparabs
TeachersThe teachers are known as Rasools or Nabis The teachers are known as Gurus
Pilgrimage belief Islam believes in pilgrimage to Hajj Sikhism does not believe in any pilgrimage
Sacred place MeccaAmritsar
Practice of dead bodies In Islam the dead bodies are buried In Sikhism the dead bodies are cremated

What is Islam?

Islam is a monotheistic religion. The Abrahamic religion follows the teachings of Muhammad. Religion ranks among the second-largest in the world. It has over 1.9 billion followers who are known as Muslims. The term Islam signifies “complete submission to the will of God”. In Islam, the Muslims worship only one God who is known as Allah. They believe in completely submitting themselves to their Almighty Allah.

The holy text of the Islam religion is Quran and is considered as the Verbatim word of God. No questions or alteration of the Quran is tolerated in Islam as it is the final revelation of God. The religion had its origin in Mecca in the Arabian Peninsula. Over 47 countries have followers of Islam. Islam is considered a complete version of the primordial faith. It has been revealed by various profits in the past like Jesus, Adam, Moses, Abraham, and others.

Islam experienced and flourishing scientific, cultural and economic which is referred to as the “Islamic golden age”. The period dates from the 8th century to the 13th century. Islam believes that Prophet Muhammad knew the words of Allah and the revelation was done by angel Gabriel. The place of worship in Muslims is in Mosques. Some holy places of Islam are the Kaaba shrine in Mecca, Prophet Muhammad’s mosque in Medina, and Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem.

Apart from Quran, Hadith is also considered as a holy text of Islam. The religion revolves around a central idea which is known as “jihad”. Jihad implies Holy struggle or Holy war. Islam follows egalitarianism inside the community. The religion includes Shia Islam as well as Sunni Islam. The entire religion is based on the concept of Sharīāh.

What is Sikhism?

Sikhism or Sikhi in Punjabi Is referred to as the religion which has originated in the Punjab region of the country India. It is considered the fifth largest religion in the world. There are over 30 million followers of the religion Sikhism. The followers are known as Sikhs. The religion was developed by Guru Nanak and his spiritual teachings. The followers of the religion follow the Guru Granth Sahib as the holy text.

Guru Nanak is considered the first guru of Sikhism. He was succeeded by nine other Sikh gurus. Sikhism emphasizes “Simran” which implies remembrance and meditation of the teachings of the Sikh gurus. The Simran is expressed through musical kirtan or naam japna. The religion extensively teaches the followers to change the five thieves that are – greed, lust, ego, rage, and attachment.

The scriptures of Sikhism are originally written in Gurmukhī which has been standardized off Landā scripts. The term Sikhi in Punjabi means the temporal path of learning and has been derived from the word Sikhana which means to learn. Sikhism is a part of the Indian religion. Religion focuses on spiritual development and the growth of moral conduct.

The entire religion revolves around a core concept that is “Ek nūr te sab jag upjiā”, which simply means that from one specific light, the entire universe welled up. The first guru of Sikhism that is Guru Nanak believed truth as the highest virtue. The monotheistic religion believes in Waheguru who is nirankar that is shapeless, Akal that is timeless, and Karta purakh that is the creator.

Main Differences Between Islam and Sikhism

  1. Islam is Abrahamic Religion while Sikhism is dharmic religion.
  2. Islam originated in the Arabian Peninsula while Sikhism originated in the Punjab region of the country India.
  3. The followers of Islam are known as Muslims while the followers of Sikhism are known as Sikhs.
  4. The Holy text of Islam is Quran and Hadith while the Holy text of Sikhism is Guru Granth Sahib.
  5. Islam has five pillars while Sikhism has three pillars.

Conclusion

Religion binds a community or a society. Religion plays a pivotal role in creating a framework that is ethical and also acts as a regulator for the inculcation of various values in mankind. Every religion irrespective of its objectives has a similar approach that helps in the character building of a person.

Religion supports in building various values like empathy, love, respect, kindness, and harmony. Both Islam and Sikhism, are monotheistic religions and promote only one Almighty and creator. Both religions promote good ethics and awareness among the followers.

References

  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09557570701574105
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10665680600790327
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