Difference Between LED Lights and Xenon (With Table)

Electrical appliances and accessories are of prime need in the current generation. Mostly, such accessories are purchased by looking at many buying guides. As it needs to be long lasting, cost-effective and useful for home or office.

Of course, the products manufactured by the companies attempt to strike the right chord, but there shall be slight differences in the products that may incline the customers to get the one that they prefer. In this regard, two electrical accessories play a vital role in our day to day lives; LED lights and Xenon. Though the purpose of these is similar, they still differ in their functionalities.

LED Lights vs Xenon

The difference between the LED lights and Xenon is the lighting functionality. LED lights functions with the help of diodes and electrons, while Xenon light bulbs are filled with gas and have a filament to glow. This clinical difference has a lot of advantages and disadvantages.

LED Lights are light-emitting diodes that glow as the electric current passes through the diodes. It is indeed a semiconductor light source that glows brighter than many of its counterparts. Technically, the electrons that are present in the semiconductor combine with the electron holes. This helps in releasing energy, and that is photons. Photons help in emitting light.

Xenon, on the other hand, is again a light bulb that glows with the help of the gas that is filled inside the bulb cavity. The name of the gas is Xenon, which is highly stable in terrestrial conditions. The electric arc present in the bulb shall react with the Xenon gas present in it and helps the bulb to glow.

Comparison Table Between LED Lights and Xenon

Parameters of ComparisonLED LightsXenon
FunctionalityLED lights glow the bright light with the help of electrons.Xenon gas combines with the electric arc and helps the bulb to glow with bright light.
Cost of ManufactureLED lights incur a lot of cost for manufacturing it.The cost of manufacture is pretty less compared to the LED Lights.
Area of IlluminationLED lights light a larger area.Xenon helps in Lighting smaller areas when compared with LED Lights.
Energy ConsumptionLessMore
ConductionLED lights do not heat the bulb cavity.Xenon lights heat the cavity, and you can feel the warmth as you go near them.

What is LED Lights?

LED lights are a combination of Light-emitting diodes that is present in a bulb cavity that helps it glow when current passes through it. The number of LEDs required to light up a normal room is more, and thus, it is expensive. However, the brightness it offers compared to many types of bulbs is far better.

More importantly, the LED lights last longer and it is highly durable as we use in the longer run. These days, LED lights are widely used in cars as a headlight. The main reason being, the LEDs can illuminate a larger area.

Another best part about LED Lights is, the colour of the light can be altered by changing the energy required to pass through the electron bandgap. The phosphor that is present in the LEDs is the one that glows and gives different colours depending on the energy passed.

LEDs consume very little energy and thus mostly preferred by the customers. Moreover, the LED lights come with a strong cover cavity, thus making it mostly unbreakable too. Manufacturers prefer LED Lights as it reduces the size of the overall product. Small LEDs can illuminate to a very good extent. And the sharp light source from the diode shall be perfect for many products that require an indicator light facility too.

Technically, LED lights are not coherent like the laser, nor is they as monochromatic as laser light. But for the human eye, the light emitted by the diode feels a lot pure and bright.

What is Xenon?

This is one of the Light bulbs that are available for some time now works with the help of Xenon Gas. The bulbs shall be as bright as the LED lights, and the best part is, LED Lights have multiple diodes, but this is just a single unit. It has an electric arc that is fit inside the bulb. The bulb is filled with gas.

As the electric current passes through the electric arc, it combines with the gas and helps the bulb glow brightly. It is also to be understood that the manufacturers prefer Xenon lights for two massive reasons

  1. The cost for manufacturing Xenon Lights are relatively less expensive
  2. The lifespan of Xenon Lights are more

Unlike the halogen lamp that has a filament, this has an electric arc that shall stay longer compared to the more blow prone filaments.

Xenon Lights are bright and thus used in the headlights of the car too. At the same time, the brightness also has become a trouble as it points high and may irritate the opposite driver. However, the light levelling system is set to avoid such problems too.

Xenon Lights cover a broader area, and thus high-speed cars are made with such headlights. As such, the energy consumed by the light bulb is more while you start it. But stabilizes the energy consumption with continuous usage. 

Main Differences Between LED Lights and Xenon

  1. The main difference between LED Lights and Xenon is the technical functionality. The LED lights work with the help of diodes and electrons, while Xenon lights work with the help of Xenon gas and an electric arc.
  2. The LED lights are bright and do not irritate the oncoming drivers, while Xenon lights shall create a glare and distract the drivers in the opposite.
  3. The LED lights function with a combination of LEDs in the unit, while Xenon functions as a single unit.
  4. The cost of manufacturing is pretty high for the LEDs when compared to Xenon.
  5. LED lights are energy-efficient, and Xenon consumes a lot of energy.

Conclusion

There are varieties of LED lights, and Xenon lights are in the market. Most Xenon lights these days overpower the LED in terms of usage. The high-speed car manufacturers prefer Xenon headlights as it gives a broader illumination. One of the main reason why people choose LED lights is because of less heat emission. The technological developments in light bulbs have diversified usage in real life.

Say, for example, Xenon lamps at home are not conducive, while LED lights are preferred. At the same time, if the cost of a product is supposed to be less, then Xenon lights are preferred as well. Both the lights are equally good when it comes to durability and lifespan. In fact, the upgraded move from halogen lamps has given birth to Xenon and now it is LEDs turn.

References

  1. https://www.scielo.br/j/bdj/a/Cmx3gd35y3b3Q9CTgmTYWMz/?lang=en
  2. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00027146
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