Difference Between Molasses and Syrup (With Table)

While preparing food, we use different ingredients to get our desired taste to it. If we want a dish to be spicy, we use spices. If we want a dish to be salty, we use salt. If we want a dish to be sweet, we use ingredients like sugar or syrups. Sugar is obtained by different processes, and when the entire process is completed, many by-products are formed, which have their independent properties and applications. Sugar independently can be used to prepare many food dishes. Two substances that we obtain while the preparation of sugar or after using sugar with another ingredient are 1. Molasses 2. Syrups.

Molasses vs Syrup

The difference between molasses and syrup is their physical state. Molasses is a by-product of the process of preparation of sugar. On the other hand, the syrup is an admixture prepared by mixing sugar and water. The process of preparation of molasses is different from the process of preparation of syrup.

Molasses is a by-product obtained during the process of preparation of sugar. It is also called black treacle. The amount of molasses obtained during the process of preparation of sugar is directly proportional to the amount of sugar obtained, how old the plant is and the method used for extraction. Molasses has several applications and is used to prepare several beverages and foodstuff. It is used in the process of distillation rum and is also a primary ingredient of brown sugar.

A syrup is an admixture of sugar and water. Sugar is dissolved thoroughly in the water during the process of preparation of syrup. The syrup is thick. The presence of multiple hydrogen bonds in the dissolved sugar contains the hydroxyl group, which are responsible for the viscidity of a syrup. There are several types of syrups available in the market which are used in food preparation and have their independent uses, such as glucose syrup, maple syrup, agave syrup, corn syrup etc. Although, different types of syrups are used in beverage production as well.

Comparison Table Between Molasses and Syrup

Parameters of Comparison Molasses Syrup
DefinitionA by-product obtained during the process of preparation of sugar is known as molasses.An admixture prepared by dissolving sugar into water consistently is known as syrup.
ConstituentsCarbohydrates (sugar and dietary fibers) Fats, Proteins, Vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, vitamin B6, choline), Minerals (calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorous, potassium, zinc, sodium), Water.Sucrose, Glucose, Fructose, D-sorbitol, Saccharin sodium, Water-soluble macromolecules, Acetaminophen.
Subtypes Light molasses, Dark molasses, Blackstrap molasses, Unsulfered molasses, Suffered molasses.Maple syrup, Simple syrup, Corn syrup, Chocolate syrup, Glucose syrup, High fructose corn syrup, Golden syrup, Agave syrup, Cane syrup, Gomme syrup.
Uses Baking, Candy-making, production of vinegar, citric acid, Used in animal feed.Sweetening of beverages (hot or cold), Used as a glaze or topping in breakfast or desserts, Used in the preparation of sweet and sour sauces and marinades, Used to make granola.
Health Benefits Improves bone health and heals damaged bones, Arthritis reliever, Anti-aging ingredients help to keep hair healthy, Prevents anemia, Blood sugar level stabilization, Menstrual pain relief, Stimulation of digestive system, Healthy skin, Prevents constipation, Boosts stamina and energy, Prevents insomnia Help lose weight, provide antioxidants, improve metabolic health, Active compounds in some syrups help reduce the growth of cancer cells, Break carbohydrates in the digestive tract, Prevalence inflammatory disorders, Supply of vitamins, Supply of minerals.
RecipesBrown bread, Puddings, Muffins, Baked ribs, Gingerbread muffins, Ginger chicken kabobs, Gingerbread.Pancakes, Cocktails, Fajitas, Pie, Scones, Soups, Popcorn, Roasted vegetables, Snack mix, Bread pudding, Mousse.

What is Molasses?

A by-product obtained during the process of preparation of sugar is known as molasses. It is known as black treacle in British English. The amount of molasses obtained after the sugar-making process is complete is completely dependent on various factors such as the amount of sugar obtained, how old the plant is and the method used for extraction. It is used as a sweetener in different foodstuffs. There exist various types of molasses such as Light molasses, Dark molasses, Blackstrap molasses, Unsulfered molasses, Suffered molasses etc. Different types of molasses have different uses and different properties.

The word “molasses” is derived from the Portuguese word “melaço”. 

Molasses contain several nutritional ingredients such as fats, carbohydrates, proteins, minerals, vitamins etc. Molasses is used in several food dishes and beverages. It is used in the distillation of rum, used in the preparation of cookies, pies, gingerbread, used in beers styles such as stouts and porters. It has several industrial and horticultural applications as well, which includes, usage of molasses in small quantities for brickwork, the mixture of gelatin blue, glycerin and molasses for composition ink rollers. It promotes microbial activity when added to the soil.

Different types of molasses are used for different purposes. For instance, cane molasses is used for baking, cooking and also for brewing beer. Blackstrap molasses is used as one of the ingredients of animal feed, for the production of ethanol and also as a fertilizer. Treatment of molasses with sulfur dioxide created sulfured molasses, which was used as a bleaching agent and also to kill bacteria.

What is Syrup?

An admixture prepared by dissolving sugar into water consistently is known as syrup. Sugar is dissolved thoroughly in the water during the process of preparation of syrup. Its nature is thick and viscous due to the presence of several hydrogen bonds that contain hydroxyl groups. There are different types of syrups that have their independent uses and properties. Different types of syrups are Maple syrup, Simple syrup, Corn syrup, Glucose syrup, High fructose corn syrup, Golden syrup, Agave syrup, Cane syrup, Gomme syrup etc.

Simple syrups are used to make cocktails and are made by simply mixing sugar and water. Flavoured syrups are made by mixing simple syrups and various flavouring agents such as orange peels, lemongrass, rosemary, chipotle chillies and cardamom, ginger etc., In Japan, Gomme syrup is used for making coffee, and it is used in drinks in general.

Several food recipes are made by using different types of syrups, such as pancakes in which maple syrup is primarily used, corn syrup is used to prepare frozen desserts and chocolate sauces as well. Glucose syrup is used for making fondant in baking. It is known that different types of syrups require different quantities of ingredients. For example, it takes 40 gallons of sap to make a gallon of maple syrup. Different types of syrup were introduced at different times. Corn syrup was introduced in mid-1970, and Richard O. Marshall was its inventor.

Main Differences Between Molasses and Syrup

  1. The initiation of molasses was seen in the 1600s. On the other hand, the initiation of syrups was seen in the year 1557.
  2. The Ph level of molasses is between 5.5 to 5.7. On the other hand, the Ph level of syrup is between 6.5 to 7.0.
  3. The syrup has a weaker flavour as compared to molasses.
  4. Molasses is obtained as a by-product in the process of preparation of sugar. On the other hand, the syrup is prepared by mixing sugar in water.
  5. There exist more subtypes of syrup as compared to subtypes of molasses.
  6. Molasses has more constituents as compared to syrup.

Conclusion

Both molasses and syrup help people improve the flavour and taste of a particular dish in which they are used. Right from their invention and discovery of their uses, food dishes have become tastier healthier.

Both molasses and syrup not only provide flavour to your food but also provides several health benefits that are necessary for the human body. Different types of syrups and molasses are introduced to people until now, and they make eating a lot more exciting experience.

References

  1. https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.967.775&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  2. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sivakumar_Venkatachalam/publication/41892250_Production_of_Bio-ethanol_from_Sugar_Molasses_Using_Saccharomyces_Cerevisiae/links/00b7d5243feb44a802000000.pdf

x
Delta vs Estuary video