Political Party vs Political Ideology: Difference and Comparison

A political party and political ideology are two wholly different things. One refers to a group of people that acquire and exercise power.

Key Takeaways

  1. A political party is an organized group of individuals with shared values, beliefs, and objectives seeking to gain political power and influence by competing in elections. In contrast, a political ideology is a set of principles, values, and beliefs that guide an individual’s or group’s understanding of politics and society.
  2. Political parties adopt specific political ideologies to guide their actions, policies, and goals, although they may sometimes incorporate elements from various ideologies to appeal to a broader audience.
  3. Political parties and political ideologies shape a nation’s political discourse and direction. Still, a political party is an organizational entity, while a political ideology is a system of thought.

Political Party vs. Political Ideology

The difference between a Political party and a Political ideology is that a party is created to win elections and operate the government. A political ideology is trying to work a different set of ideas through a different angle to give a fair view of how society should be.

Political party vs Political ideology

A political party can be described as a group of people who came forward together to elect candidates for election, win the election, and then operate the government.

A political ideology consists of many things, such as – values, opinions, beliefs, justification, etc. It will offer you a different perspective and diverse political ideas.


 

Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonPolitical partyPolitical ideology
GoalThe main goal of every political party is to win an election.In this case, it is all about showing a fresh perspective regarding how a society can be better.
PersuasionPolitical party members will try to persuade people to get votes, so they get re-elected and remain in their position.Political ideology will go with socialism, which means satisfying human needs directly by providing them with goods and stuff.
NatureWhen a political party comes into power and position, they decide how to operate and run the government.On the other hand, political ideologies will make policies for the public to promote collective goods and stuff.
StrategyPolitical parties need the majority of seats to win an election. If unable to do so, they make allies to hold the majority of seats to form a government.In this case, the primary strategy is to improve society in different ways.

 

What is Political Party?

A political party can be described as an organization or group of people who come together to win the election and form the government. They need to win the majority of seats in the parliament to form a government.

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Political parties help to process government policies, work, etc. Since they form the government, they indulge themselves in the progress of the state or country.

Like every other thing, political parties also have some key characteristics that we all notice –

  1. They persuade people to vote for them so that they can form the government.
  2. It mainly refers to a group of people who are working towards common goals.

Political parties will work together and create new laws and policies for the betterment. There are quite a handful of political parties in every state/country that wants the power of leadership to govern a state or country.

political party
 

What is Political Ideology?

Political ideology is a system of definite views, a different set of ideas, conceptions, and perceptions by a political party.

Political ideology would describe how one governing body should distribute/allocate power and how properly it must be used.

In the modern era, political ideology is about a “set of beliefs about the proper order of society and how it can be achieved.” There are a few different sets of rules that are included in political ideology, and those are –

  1. Liberalism is a political ideology, which means the society that we live in is characterized by freedom of thought and expression.
  2. Socialism is another ideology that refers to a theory. It says the community and not individuals should own any property or natural resources.
  3. Communism is the next one, almost similar to socialism, with minor changes.
political ideology


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References
  1. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/fa66/9d5d08fc37d13f0a3426b8628ea0b461df4a.pdf
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09644016.2012.698887

Last Updated : 13 July, 2023

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10 thoughts on “Political Party vs Political Ideology: Difference and Comparison”

  1. The distinction between political parties and political ideologies is crucial. It helps in understanding the dynamics of governance.

    Reply
  2. I find the comparison table provided here very helpful in clarifying the goals and nature of political parties and ideologies.

    Reply
  3. This article makes a compelling case about the differences between political parties and political ideologies. It is informative and well-researched.

    Reply
  4. This article provides a thorough analysis of political parties and political ideologies. It’s certainly worth considering in discussions about governance.

    Reply
  5. The concept of socialism and communism under political ideology is well-explained in this article. It offers insights into these complex ideologies.

    Reply
  6. The reference section adds credibility to the information presented. It’s always valuable to have scholarly sources to support the content.

    Reply
  7. The emphasis on the main differences between political parties and political ideology is enlightening. It provides a clear picture of their unique roles.

    Reply
  8. The metaphor used to distinguish political parties and political ideology as ‘winning elections’ versus ‘improving society’ is thought-provoking. It encapsulates the essence of their differences.

    Reply
  9. The detailed explanation of political ideology and its components is fascinating. It offers a comprehensive understanding of the concept.

    Reply
  10. This article has shed light on how political parties and ideologies shape a nation’s political discourse. It’s an essential read for anyone interested in politics.

    Reply

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