PostgreSQL vs MySQL: Difference and Comparison

PostgreSQL and MySQL are both database management systems. It has different requirements. The usage depends on the programmer who is using the database management system.

The application is important for which the database will be used appropriately. Both of them are two open-source database management systems. The system cannot operate on all operating systems.

Key Takeaways

  1. PostgreSQL and MySQL are both popular open-source relational database management systems.
  2. PostgreSQL has more advanced features and is better suited for complex applications, while MySQL is easier to use and more suitable for small to medium-sized applications.
  3. PostgreSQL is used in finance, healthcare, and government industries, while MySQL is commonly used for web applications.

PostgreSQL vs MySQL

The difference between PostgreSQL and MySQL is PostgreSQL uses an object-relational database management system, but MySQL uses a relational database management system. MySQL is developed by Oracle, but Global Development Group made PostgreSQL. MySQL can be made extensible, but PostgreSQL cannot be extensible. PostgreSQL has no personal backup, but MySQL has its own backup system which is called Mysql dump.

PostgreSQL vs MySQL
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PostgreSQL is a database management system. It uses object-relational database management. It was made by the Global Development Group. It can be run in Windows, and Mac OS X, but it cannot be run in Symbian, AmigaOS, and UNIX. It is highly extensible. It provides materialized view and a temporary table in its system.

MySQL is a database management system. It uses a relational database. Oracle Corporation made the MySQL product. It is not extensible. It can be used in Windows, Mac OS X, UNIX, and many more platforms.

It has backup services from Mysqldump and XtraBackup. It has no data domain object. It has a temporary table but has no materialized view.

Comparison Table

Parameters Of ComparisonPostgreSQLMySQL
Type of databaseObject RelationalRelational
DeveloperGlobal Development groupOracle
PlatformsWindows, Mac OS XUNIX, Symbian, Windows, Mac OS X
ExtensibleNoYes
BackupOnlineMySQL dump
Data domain objectYesNo

What is PostgreSQL?

PostgreSQL is an open-source system. It is relational database management. It adds great benefits to SQL compliance. The original name of the system was POSTGRES. It is the upgrade of the Ingres database.

The system was designed and developed by the University of California, Berkeley. It is object-type relational dataset management.

It has several benefits which make the system more productive. The features are isolation, atomicity, and consistency in transactions in the system. It has materialistic views.

It has triggers, foreign keys, and durability properties. It is made so that it can handle workloads on a single machine. It can put the data into data warehouses.

It adds all the things or data to web services. It has many concurrent users. This is the database that is used by the MacOS server. This is the default system. This database can also be used by Windows, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, and Linux. The system is extensible database management.

Ingres was the first system to be developed, but then it was upgraded to PostgreSQL and evolved successfully. It added new features, and all the data types are supported. The system understands the relationship and retrieves the information in a more good way.

postgresql

What is MySQL?

It is a database management system. It is an open-source platform. This database organizes data into many tables. The system understands the relations between the various data types. It can modify the data properly.

This is a language programmer. It puts the information into tables, which it can be easily done.

It implements a relational database. It allows network access and tests the integrity of the backups. It is an open-source software as maintained by General Public License. Oracle Corporation has been the developer of MySQL in recent times.

It is considered an open source under many licenses. It was owned and sponsored by MySQL.

It has stand-alone clients. It allows the users to interact with the database instantly, due to which the user can very well take care of the database. It can be used with other programs. It needs a relational database system. MySQL does not have an extensible system. It is developed by Oracle.

This platform has been in use by many known and popular platforms for their websites. The websites are Flickr, Facebook, and Twitter. This platform was previously owned by MySQL AB, but then the platform came under Sun Microsystems. This company is now known as Oracle.

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Main Differences Between PostgreSQL and MySQL

  1. PostgreSQL uses an object-relational database, whereas MySQL uses a relational database.
  2. Global Development Group developed PostgreSQL, and Oracle developed MySQL.
  3. PostgreSQL can be run on Windows, Mac OS X, and many more, but MySQL can run on UNIX, Symbian, windows, and Mac OS X.
  4. PostgreSQL has an extensible database management system, whereas MySQL does not have an extensible system.
  5. PostgreSQL can be backed up by online backup, whereas MySQL can be backed up by MySQLdump.
  6. Data Domain Object is offered by PostgreSQL but not by MySQL.
Difference Between PostgreSQL and MySQL
References
  1. https://momjian.us/main/writings/pgsql/other/bookfigs.pdf
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=cCiA8HsQhGUC&oi=fnd&pg=PT36&dq=mysql&ots=TvY3YS5Y-d&sig=RMOBn3q4lKc_sHO83IBas9EbGiI

Last Updated : 23 July, 2023

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