Difference Between MariaDB and MySQL (With Table)

Both MariaDB and MySQL are strong database systems that are available for free as open-source projects. MariaDB is a fork of MySQL, which makes their database structures very similar. They both use similar SQL syntax for querying and similar indexing, and hence it is easy to transition between the two, compared to other databases.

MariaDB vs MySQL        

The difference between MariaDB and MySQL is that there are 12 new storage engines in MariaDB, while there are fewer in MySQL. MySQL has a narrower connection pool as compared to MariaDB. When comparing the performance of MariaDB vs MySQL, MariaDB replication is speedier, but MySQL replication is slow.

The MariaDB database system is a fork of the MySQL database system. Data processing capabilities are provided by the RDBMS for both minor and large jobs. MariaDB is an enhanced version of MySQL. It has a lot of strong capabilities built-in, as well as a lot of usabilities, security, and speed enhancements that MySQL doesn’t have.

One of the first open-source databases to hit the market was MySQL. There are several MySQL versions available nowadays. The changes between the versions, however, are minor because they utilize the same syntax and have the same fundamental functionality. MySQL is a relational database management system (RDBMS) that aids in the organization of data in databases.

Comparison Table between MariaDB and MySQL

Parameters of Difference MariaDBMySQL
Initial release date MariaDB was released in 2009.MySQL was released way before, in 1995.
Storage engines There are 12 new storage engines in MariaDB.There are fewer storage options in MySQL.
PerformanceMariaDB has improved replication and is faster than MySQL.MySQL is slower as compared to MariaDB.
Proprietary codeMariaDB is a closed source and does not give access to this.MySQL enterprise gives access to proprietary code.
Companies Companies like Google, Ubuntu, Wikipedia, Redhat and Ingenico use MariaDB Companies like Facebook, Github use MySQL

What is MariaDB?

MariaDB is an open-source relational database management system (DBMS) that may be used as a drop-in successor for the popular MySQL database. MariaDB was established as a software clone of MySQL in 2009 in response to Oracle Corp.’s acquisition of MySQL. It was built by engineers who played significant roles in the original database’s development.

MariaDB is an enhanced version of MySQL. It has a lot of strong capabilities built-in, as well as a lot of usabilities, security, and speed enhancements that MySQL doesn’t have.

MariaDB is a SQL-based database that allows for ACID-style data processing with assured consistency, integrity, confinement, and durability. Its development began in response to issues that surfaced following Oracle Corporation’s acquisition of MySQL in 2009.

MariaDB has a well-known and widely used querying language. It comes with a variety of storage engines, including high-performance storage engines that may be used with other relational databases. It features Galera cluster technology, which is cutting-edge.

 Open-source databases are increasingly being used in web and cloud applications; in particular, MariaDB has gained a following among users of other components in various open-source software combinations, notably the OpenStack architecture.  Google, Ubuntu, Wikipedia, Redhat, Ingenico are some of the companies that use MariaDB database management system.

What is MySQL?

In the contemporary big data environment, MySQL is one of the most well-known technologies. MySQL is often referred to as the most common database, and it is now in broad, effective usage across many industries. Anyone working with business data or general IT should at the very least strive for a basic understanding of MySQL.

Even individuals who are unfamiliar with relational systems may create quick, powerful, and secure data storage systems with MySQL. The programmatic syntax and interfaces of MySQL are also excellent entry points into the worlds of other popular query languages and structured data storage.

Though MySQL’s relational nature and the resulting inflexible storage structures may appear to be constraining, the tabular paradigm is arguably the most natural and, as a result, provides for improved usability. In comparison to many other relational database systems, MySQL has a high performance. This is owing to its user-friendly design and multi-storage engine compatibility.

Other systems only offer a single storage engine, but MySQL supports many storage engines, each with its own set of characteristics. MySQL publishes a list of customers that use their database as their primary data storage system. We see companies like Facebook, Github, YouTube, Twitter, PayPal, Nokia, Spotify, and Netflix using MySQL.

Main Differences Between MariaDB and MySQL

  1. There are 12 new storage engines in MariaDB, while there are fewer storage options in MySQL.
  2. MariaDB was initially released in 2009 whereas MySQL came much earlier in 1995.
  3. MySQL supports Data Masking and Dynamic column and allows you to access proprietary code, unlike MariaDB.
  4. When comparing the performance of MariaDB vs MySQL, MariaDB replication is speedier, but MySQL replication is slow.
  5. MariaDB has a wider connection pool, which can accommodate up to 200,000 connections, whereas MySQL’s connection pool is narrower.
  6. Companies like Facebook, Github use MySQL whereas MariaDB is used by companies like Google and Wikipedia.

Conclusion

Both the database management systems are compatible. The MariaDB team is working to ensure that MariaDB may replace MySQL in existing applications without causing any issues. In reality, they provide the same version number of MariaDB for each version of MySQL to show that MariaDB is usually compatible with the corresponding MySQL version.

However because the engine is still relatively new, there’s no assurance that future upgrades and versions will be released in MariaDB. MySQL is a popular database that is used all over the world. It is both free and open-source software.

Both databases are quite popular nowadays and are widely utilized by the development community. MySQL is ranked second among relational databases and second overall (the Oracle database ranks first). MariaDB, on the other hand, is somewhat behind, ranking 9 among relational databases and 14 overall.

Reference

  1. https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/1844/1/012021/meta
  2. http://rozero.webcindario.com/disciplinas/fbmg/abd3/MariaDB_vs_MySQL.pdf

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