MariaDB vs MySQL: Difference and Comparison

Both MariaDB and MySQL are strong database systems that are available for free as open-source projects. MariaDB is a fork of MySQL, which makes their database structures very similar.

Key Takeaways

  1. MariaDB is a fork of MySQL, aiming to maintain compatibility and improve features, performance, and stability.
  2. MariaDB offers more storage engines than MySQL, including Aria, ColumnStore, and Spider.
  3. MariaDB provides more frequent updates and is fully open-source, while Oracle owns MySQL and has open-source and proprietary editions.

MariaDB vs MySQL        

MariaDB is a relational database management system that provides better performance, scalability, and enhanced security. MySQL is an open-source relational database management system that is used to store and manage data for various web-based applications. MariaDB aims to replacement for MySQL.

MariaDB vs MySQL

The MariaDB database system is a fork of the MySQL database system. Data processing capabilities are provided by the RDBMS for both minor and large jobs.

One of the first open-source databases to hit the market was MySQL. There are several MySQL versions available nowadays.

Comparison Table

Parameters of DifferenceMariaDBMySQL
Initial release date MariaDB was released in 2009.MySQL was released way before, in 1995.
Storage engines There are 12 new storage engines in MariaDB.There are fewer storage options in MySQL.
PerformanceMariaDB has improved replication and is faster than MySQL.MySQL is slower as compared to MariaDB.
Proprietary codeMariaDB is a closed source and does not give access to this.MySQL enterprise gives access to proprietary code.
Companies Companies like Google, Ubuntu, Wikipedia, Redhat and Ingenico use MariaDB Companies like Facebook, Github use MySQL

What is MariaDB?

MariaDB is an open-source relational database management system (DBMS) that may be used as a drop-in successor to the popular MySQL database.

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MariaDB is an enhanced version of MySQL. It has a lot of strong capabilities built-in, as well as a lot of usabilities, security, and speed enhancements that MySQL doesn’t have.

MariaDB is a SQL-based database that allows for ACID-style data processing with assured consistency, integrity, confinement, and durability.

MariaDB has a well-known and widely used querying language. It comes with a variety of storage engines, including high-performance storage engines that may be used with other relational databases.

 Open-source databases are increasingly being used in web and cloud applications; in particular, MariaDB has gained a following among users of other components in various open-source software combinations, notably the OpenStack architecture.  

What is MySQL?

In the contemporary big data environment, MySQL is one of the most well-known technologies. MySQL is referred to as the most common database, and it is now in broad, effective usage across many industries.

Even individuals who are unfamiliar with relational systems may create quick, powerful, and secure data storage systems with MySQL.

Though MySQL’s relational nature and the resulting inflexible storage structures may appear to be constraining, the tabular paradigm is arguably the most natural and, as a result, provides for improved usability.

Other systems only offer a single storage engine, but MySQL supports many storage engines, each with its own set of characteristics.

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Main Differences Between MariaDB and MySQL

  1. MariaDB has a wider connection pool, which can accommodate up to 200,000 connections, whereas MySQL’s connection pool is narrower.
  2. Companies like Facebook, and Github use MySQL, whereas MariaDB is used by companies like Google and Wikipedia.
References
  1. https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/1844/1/012021/meta
  2. http://rozero.webcindario.com/disciplinas/fbmg/abd3/MariaDB_vs_MySQL.pdf
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Last Updated : 20 July, 2023

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22 thoughts on “MariaDB vs MySQL: Difference and Comparison”

  1. The detailed comparison provided in this article is really helpful. It’s interesting to note that MariaDB offers more storage engines that it includes Aria, ColumnStore, and Spider. These engines have particular strengths that cater to different user requirements and are not found in MySQL.

    Reply
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      Reply
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