Oracle vs SQL: Difference and Comparison

Databases are a collection of information that is organized and stored in computers. This helps in easy managing and access to data. It makes it very easy to store the information in an organized way.

It removes all the confusion and chaos that is created when large amounts of information/data are being stored or kept. Among these are two different databases owned by different corporations, i.e., Oracle and SQL.

Both of them serve the basic functions of databases but have different features and characteristics.

Key Takeaways

  1. Oracle is a relational database management system (RDBMS) developed by Oracle Corporation.
  2. SQL (Structured Query Language) is a programming language that manages and manipulates relational databases.
  3. Oracle uses SQL as its primary interface for managing and querying data.

Oracle vs SQL 

Oracle is RDBMS (Relational Database Management System) developed by Oracle Corporation. A database can be used to store huge amounts of data. Oracle also provides a backup of data. It is easy to retrieve data from Oracle. SQL (Structured Query Language) is a programming language used to retrieve data from a database. It is a user-friendly language.

Oracle vs SQL

Oracle is a database system produced and marketed by the Oracle Corporation. It is a multi-model database management system that is used for running online transactions and data storage.

It is considered one of the most powerful databases. It has few advanced features. It is very complex to use.

SQL, or Structured Query Language, is a programming language for retrieving database information. It also serves as sorting and organizing the data. It is simple and easy to use. It can be learned in one week also. 

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonOracleSQL
Owned byOracle Corporation.Microsoft Corporation.
Procedural Language PL/SQLT-SQL.
UsageComplex to useSimple to use.
Sharing of databases.Can share databasesCannot share databases.
Concept of PackageSupports the conceptHas no such concept

What is Oracle?

It is a product by Oracle Corporation providing a multi-model relational database management system. The following are the features of Oracle:

  1. It has features such as Real Application Cluster and Portability, making it more scalable for usage. 
  2. It has the feature of recovering the data from any type of failure. 
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Importance: it is based on what the user demands, and accordingly, changes are made by adding new features or improvising the old ones. Oracle Corporation works on it by keeping in mind the latest requirement of technology as well as users.

Advantages:

  1. Performance: it has the best performance, data is retrieved without any difficulty, it is very powerful, etc.
  2. Multiple Databases: it can handle multiple databases on a single server. This provides different methods to manage CPU allocations.
  3. Editions: The corporation offers different editions of Oracle. Therefore users can buy which is best suitable according to their needs.
  4. Clusters: it provides a high data availability system by using the Real Application Cluster. Real Application Cluster has certain benefits, such as load balancing and flexibility to increase processing capacity etc.
  5. Procedural Language: Oracle uses PL/SQL as Procedural language or programming.
oracle

What is SQL?

Structured Query Language (SQL) by Microsoft Corporation is a database that has the following advantages:

  1. It can retrieve a large amount of data quickly and easily. 
  2. It is very user-friendly as no coding skills are required for retrieving the data; simple keywords are used with simple syntactical rules.
  3. It has standard languages providing a uniform platform for the users.
  4. It can be used in various programs and also can be embedded with other applications as per the requirements. 
  5. The answer to any query is received in very little time, and it is very easy and simple to understand as well as to use.

Disadvantages:

  1. It has some difficult interfaces that can lead to difficulty in usage by the users.
  2. Some versions of SQL are very costly, which everyone cannot afford.
  3. Complete control of the database is not provided.

Need:

  1. It is used as Business Intelligence Tool all around the world.
  2. It performs a function such as Data Manipulation and data testing.
  3. Tools such as Spark and Impala are fully dependent on SQL.
  4. It is very demand for industrial skills.

Applications:

  1. Used by developers.
  2. Used by Database Administrators for writing Data Integration Scripts.
  3. Used for retrieving data and information.
  4. Used for Insertion, Deletion, and Updation
sql

Main Differences Between Oracle and SQL

  1. The Oracle Corporation owns Oracle Database, whereas the Microsoft Corporation owns SQL Database.
  2. Syntaxes used in Oracle are more complex and efficient, and syntaxes used in SQL are comparatively easier and simpler.
  3. Oracle uses the PL or SQL languages, and SQL uses the T-SQL language for procedural.
  4. Job scheduling in Oracle is done by the Oracle scheduler, and in SQL, the SQL Server Agent does it.
  5. Oracle uses bitmap, indexes that are based on function and reverse keys, whereas SQL uses no such bitmap indexes.
  6. Oracle uses a star for query optimization, but SQL has no such query optimization.
  7. Oracle uses both after and before triggers, but SQL uses only after triggers.
  8. In SQL, rollback is not allowed during the transaction process, but in Oracle, rollback is allowed.
  9. Concurrent accesses are not allowed in the SQL, but it is allowed in the Oracle.
  10. Change values can be changed before the commit in SQL, but in Oracle, values are not changed before the commit.
  11. In comparison, Oracle has the upper hand in power over SQL.
  12. Oracle has a concept of packages, but there is no such concept in SQL.
Difference Between Oracle and SQL
References
  1. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/6354766/
  2. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/7113373/
  3. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/4812594/
  4. https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/1735688.1735706
  5. https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/984549.984551
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Last Updated : 24 June, 2023

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25 thoughts on “Oracle vs SQL: Difference and Comparison”

  1. The demand for industrial skills around SQL and the applications that it serves indicates its valuable position within the technological industry. Understanding its strengths and limitations is crucial for its application in various fields.

    Reply
    • The influence of SQL in business intelligence tools and the demand for its industrial skills illustrates the essential role it plays in the technology sector.

      Reply
    • That’s right, Rowena. The significance of SQL reaches far and wide, from data manipulation to data integration, making it a pivotal aspect of industrial operations.

      Reply
  2. The importance of Oracle’s scalability and data recovery features, coupled with SQL’s efficiency and simplicity, indicate their suitability for various scenarios. Delving into the specifics provides crucial insights for making informed decisions within the technological landscape.

    Reply
    • The detailed descriptions of Oracle’s and SQL’s features are invaluable in understanding their significance and relevance in different technological domains, facilitating informed decision-making in selecting the suitable database system.

      Reply
    • Absolutely, Julia41. Understanding the unique features and advantages of Oracle and SQL is essential for seamless database management, contributing to enhanced operational efficiency in a business environment.

      Reply
  3. The significance of Oracle’s and SQL’s features in terms of their applications provides essential knowledge for optimal decision-making in selecting the most suitable database system. The detailed comparison is crucial for understanding their respective capabilities and making informed choices for practical implementation.

    Reply
    • The comprehensive insights into the functionalities and utilities of Oracle and SQL databases is fundamental for businesses to identify the optimal system that aligns with their operational needs, ensuring seamless data management and utilization within diverse technological environments.

      Reply
    • Absolutely, Hcampbell. The thorough analysis of Oracle and SQL databases showcases their critical aspects and applications, guiding businesses in the selection of the appropriate system for effective and efficient data management and utilization.

      Reply
  4. The importance of the best performance and flexibility provided by Oracle, along with SQL’s quick data retrieval and user-friendly approach, showcases the diverse advantages of these databases in their respective applications. Understanding their differences is essential for effective database management and usage.

    Reply
    • The comprehensive insights into Oracle’s and SQL’s capabilities and advantages underscore their potential impact in different technological environments, aiding in the selection of the most suitable database system for practical and functional benefits.

      Reply
    • Absolutely, Ross Dave. The proficiency and advantages of both databases are pivotal in selecting the optimal system for a particular business model, ensuring a streamlined approach to data management and operations.

      Reply
  5. Understanding the strengths and limitations of Oracle and SQL databases is critical for informed decision-making. Their diverse advantages and applications cater to various business needs, necessitating detailed comprehension for their effective utilization.

    Reply
    • Absolutely, Richards Elliott. The comprehensive understanding of Oracle’s and SQL’s functions and advantages is indispensable for selecting the most suitable database system tailored to the unique requirements of different businesses.

      Reply
  6. The comparison table is very informative and makes it easier to understand the main differences between Oracle and SQL. Both are great, but it’s important to understand which one would work best for a specific business model.

    Reply
    • I completely agree, Jason16. Having in-depth knowledge of these two databases is crucial in order for companies to make an informed decision when choosing the best-suited option for their business.

      Reply
  7. Databases are essential for any corporation, and Oracle and SQL databases have proven to be some of the most successful ones available on the market. It’s important to consider all the features and characteristics to know which one suits your specific business needs.

    Reply
    • Absolutely, Fclark. It’s interesting to see how Oracle and SQL have unique features and capabilities, making them great options for different scenarios.

      Reply
  8. The detailed descriptions of Oracle and SQL databases highlight their significant roles in managing and storing data effectively. Understanding their differences is paramount in making optimal choices for the required business environment and operations.

    Reply
    • Absolutely, Xjones. The comprehensive comparison aids in having a clear perspective on the strengths and intricacies of these databases, allowing for optimal decision-making when considering their implementation.

      Reply
    • The detailed insights into Oracle and SQL emphasize the importance of making informed judgments on database choices for different business models, ensuring enhanced functional capabilities within the organization.

      Reply
  9. Understanding the importance and key features of Oracle and SQL databases is crucial. They both have their own advantages and applications, which can significantly impact the outcome within the business environment.

    Reply
  10. Oracle and SQL seem to have distinct advantages. The different applications and tools that rely on these databases show their importance in various technological landscapes.

    Reply
    • Absolutely, Molly. The capability of these databases greatly influences the effectiveness of technology in diverse fields, from business to data manipulation.

      Reply
    • The features and performance advantages of these databases are essential to understand to make informed decisions in various technological scenarios.

      Reply

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