Difference Between MS SQL Server and Oracle (With Table)

As technology defies everything that humans previously did not even conceive of, we enter a new era of innovation. Now, we should acquaint ourselves with computer jargon to improve our understanding of the virtual world that surrounds us. In this pursuit, it becomes significant to know about the details involving database products as they are the fulcrum upon which rests all the information and data that we electronically feed our computer. The two most talked about products of this sort are MS SQL Server and Oracle.

MS SQL Server vs Oracle

The difference between MS SQL Server and Oracle is that the former’s name indicates that it is a product that is manufactured by Microsoft. Furthermore, as the name suggests, it is indeed to SQL queries and also to execute them. On the other hand, the latter happens to be a product of the Oracle Corporation that allows the users to access the data objects by employing “SQL Language”.

MS SQL Server, as its name, indicates that it is a product that is manufactured by Microsoft. Furthermore, as the name suggests, it is indeed to SQL queries. It also executes such queries. A major downside to it is that its installation is possible on a limited number of platforms.

Oracle, this must come off as no surprise at all, is the product of Oracle Corporation. This came into the market fairly before its competitors. It is popular among the masses for the ease with which the user can recover data in comparison to its competing databases. It can also manage large volumes of data.

Comparison Table Between MS SQL Server and Oracle

Parameters of ComparisonMS SQL ServerOracle
DevelopersIt was originally developed by both Microsoft and Sybase, but later the former purchased all the rights of the latter.Its name gives out the name of its developer that is Oracle Corporation.
Language UsedThis uses T-SQL.This uses PL/SQL.
Ease of UsingThis is simpler to useOne needs sound knowledge of computer to use it as it is quite complex
Sharing of DatabaseIt does not allow its users to share databases.One can easily share databases here.
PackageThis is not governed by the concept of packages at all.This supports packages.

What is MS SQL Server?

This is a database product. As its name indicates that it is a product that is manufactured by Microsoft. Furthermore, as the name suggests, it is indeed for SQL queries. It also executes such queries. It is one of the most heavily opted for databases as it is stable and reliable. In addition, it also supports a plethora of applications that come in handy in a corporate or an IT firm, analytics, and transaction processing.

It was originally developed by both Microsoft and Sybase, but after a couple of years, the former purchased all the rights of the latter. It entered the market to pose tough competition to all the existing database products, some of which were developed by IT moguls.

It has a variety of support tools. Some of us must be acquainted with a few of these names in advance, such as BI tools, Database Tuning Advisor, etc. An amazing feature that it possesses is that it provides both online and live product support. It also offers documentation. It affords its user the scope of customization in the form of deleting and renaming.

Another appreciable factor is that when dialogue is open, multiple tools can be accessed as the dialogues are all resizable. It also has the feature of “automatic refresh” and “activity monitor.

What is Oracle?

Its name gives out the name of its developer that is Oracle Corporation. This came into the market fairly before its competitors. It is popular among the masses for the ease with which the user can recover data in comparison to its competing databases. Also, it can manage large volumes of data. This uses PL/SQL. One needs sound knowledge of computer to use it as it is quite complex.

It also allows the user to change platforms at any point in time that the user wishes to. What is more convenient than a database that offers the scope for “scale-up” and “scale-out” options? That’s not it. It also offers a standby database. In the event of the primary database’s unavailability, the standby can always replace it. It can also be used to reduce the load that is put on the primary database. Furthermore, there is no need for “manual recovery” because it offers uninterrupted processing.

Unlike its competitor, it uses bitmap, and it also indexes based on the functions and the reverse keys. It has or rather uses “before” as well as “after” triggers. The support calls are chargeable. An added advantage of using it is that the waiting time while using it is typically quite less, and concurrent accesses are generally allowed. Here the values remain unchanged until the commit.

Main Differences Between MS SQL Server and Oracle

  1. While MS SQL generally employs the triggers “after”, Oracle, on the other hand, employs “before” as well as “after” triggers.
  2. Where MS SQL permits “rollback”, Oracle disallows it during an ongoing transaction process.
  3. MS SQL Server, as its name, indicates that it is a product that is manufactured by Microsoft. Furthermore, as the name suggests, it is indeed to SQL queries. On the other hand, Oracle, this must come off as no surprise at all, is the product of Oracle Corporation. This came into the market fairly before its competitors.
  4. A downside of using MS SQL is the wait time. In other words, it disallows concurrent access. Consequently, when the writer is still on it, the time duration increases. In contrast, an added advantage of using Oracle is that the waiting time while using it is typically quite less, and concurrent accesses are generally allowed. 
  5. The possibilities of committing human errors are considerably low in MS SQL, whereas Oracle stands as a complete contrast to it.

Conclusion

Most talked about databases in the market are Oracle and MS SQL. The former’s name indicates that it is a product that is manufactured by Microsoft. Furthermore, as the name suggests, it is indeed to SQL queries and also to execute them. On the other hand, the latter happens to be a product of the Oracle Corporation that allows the users to access the data objects by employing “SQL Language”.

There are more differences between the two. While the schemas in the former use database, many schemas in the latter are with the instance. In the former, logins are authenticated once at the “instance level” and then again at the “database level”. Whereas in the latter, the login is authenticated via OS roles. While the former disallows data-sharing, the latter allows it. To add on, the possibilities of committing human errors are considerably low in MS SQL, whereas Oracle stands as a complete contrast to it.

References

  1. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=u5jwS8cDapAC&oi=fnd&pg=PR5&dq=Oracle+Vs.+SQL+Server&ots=C_zJ2TcUSJ&sig=3CUKRx0XezuYMsL8vxxcvBVELEY&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Oracle%20Vs.%20SQL%20Server&f=false
  2. http://computerresearch.org/index.php/computer/article/view/1008
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