Difference Between Tunneled and Non-Tunneled Catheter

Catheters are long flexible tube-like medical instruments used to administer medicine to a patient directly into the bloodstream for faster and effective treatment.

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Tunneled vs Non-Tunneled Catheter

The difference between tunneled and Non-Tunneled catheters is that while one is superficial, the other is placed quite deep inside the body. The location and function of these catheters vary. Tunneled catheters are placed under the skin, while Non-Tunneled catheters are placed directly into a large vein.

Tunneled vs Non Tunneled Catheter

Tunneled catheters are a permanent type of catheters used to deliver medicines to patients incapable to regularly inject medicines or orally administrator the same.

Non-tunneled catheters are temporary types of catheters used to deliver medicines to patients incapable to regularly inject medicines or orally administrator the same.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonTunneled CatheterNon-Tunneled Catheter
LocationTunneled catheters are placed under the skin into a vein.Non-Tunneled catheters are placed directly into a large vein.
TypeTunneled catheters bare permanently placed.Non-Tunneled catheters are temporarily used.
InsertionTunneled catheters are more difficult to place than a Non-Tunneled catheters.Non-Tunneled catheters are easier to place than a tunneled catheters.
RemovalTunneled catheters are tough to remove.Non-Tunneled catheters are easier to, remove.
FunctionTunneled catheters are usually used for antibiotic administration, chemotherapy and so on.Non-tunneled catheters are usually used for IV therapy, draw large amounts of blood and so on.

What is Tunneled Catheter?

Tunneled catheters are a subtype of catheters used to administer medicines to patients in whom the power or oral ingestion or multiple needle insertions are not possible.

The veins are almost always chosen to be either in the neck, groin, near the liver or chest. These areas are rich in important blood carrying veins. The tunneled catheters continues up to the heart.

The insertion of a tunneled catheters must be done by an operation as well as the removal has to be done via an operation under medication and supervision of a doctor.

The advantage of a tunneled catheters lies in the direct communication with the heart but a lot of complications may occur with tunneled catheters such as infections, blood clots, damage to inserted vein and so on.

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What is Non-Tunneled Catheter?

Non-Tunneled catheters are a subtype of catheters bused to administer medicines to patients in whom the power of oral ingestion of multiple needle insertions is not possible for the time being.

Non-Tunneled catheters are placed for temporary functions and are removed when the need does not persist or the patient is able to register needle insertions.

Non-tunneled catheters do not have any cuff as well because the catheters being temporary do not pose much threat of blood backflow.

The advantage and disadvantages of non-tunneled catheters are similar to a tunneled one, however, it runs at low risk of any kind of infection or complication in comparison to a tunneled catheters.

non tunneled catheter 1

Main Differences Between Tunneled and Non-Tunneled Catheter

  1. Chances of infection are high in the case of tunneled catheters in comparison to non-tunneled catheters.
  2. Tunneled catheters are permanently placed in the body of a patient while non-tunneled catheters are placed temporarily.

References

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc3132329/
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S154855951200081X
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