Food is one of the basic needs of our life, among all the food items, bread is one of the significant food that has taken a permanent place in our daily diet.
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According to scientists and archeologists, ancient Egypt was the birthplace of bread.
The bread was the main food for the Egyptians and it also acquired social and economical status as it was used as a currency in Egypt. Later it was passed down to Zeus, Greek, and Roman.
White vs Wholemeal bread
The main difference between White and Wholemeal bread is that white bread contains fewer amounts of nutrition and vitamins, whereas Wholemeal bread is rich in fibers, vitamins, and nutrition. Although White bread is tastier and softer as compared to Wholemeal bread that doesn’t change the fact that it is not as healthy as compared to Wholemeal bread.
The wheat flour from which the bran and germ layer is removed is used to make White bread.
When the bran and germ layer is removed from the wheat, it loses its nutritional value that makes White bread an unhealthy food to consume.
Even though bread is a tasty food to eat but it does not satisfy our hunger and our craving for food increases, which leads to a high intake of calories and weight gain.
Wholemeal bread is a bread that is rich in vitamins, fibers, and nutrition it is made of wheat kernels which retain the three components endosperm, bran, and germ layer.
As our Wholemeal bread contains all these components which add up to its nutritional value which makes us feel fuller and lessen the intake of other calories which ultimately leads to weight loss.
Comparison Table Between White and Wholemeal bread
|Parameters of Comparison||White bread||Wholemeal bread|
|Definition||It is a light-colored bread made with refined flour.||it is a brown-colored bread made from whole or almost-whole wheat grain.|
|Nutritional values||It contains a fewer amount of nutrition, vitamins, and fibers.||It contains a high amount of nutrition, vitamins, and fibers.|
|Health Benefit||It is less beneficial for health||It is highly beneficial for health|
|Made of||The core of the grain||The Whole grain|
|Shelf life||Longer shelf life||Lesser shelf life|
What is White Bread?
Bread is one of the main components of our daily diet it is loved by all when it comes to White bread, we can only think of white soft, fluffy loaf that makes us feel delighted.
White bread is consumed with butter, jam, peanut butter that adds to its taste it is also used to make sandwiches, toast, burgers, and many more. We use to consume it everday, but we should also know about its nutritional value.
The nutritional value of White bread is less, as the main component of the wheat grain viz bran and germ layer is removed.
Preservatives and additives like Calcium Peroxide, Ammonium Sulphate, and Diglycerides are added to flour which is used to make White bread, so that it can remove its yellow color and is easy to bake.
White Bread is made of flour that’s bleached with Chorine dioxide gas and potassium bromated which makes it even worst for our consumption, also the flour is milled as a result, vitamins, iron, fiber, and other nutrients are lost in the process.
When we have bread in our meal it won’t satisfy our hunger as it is high in glycemic index(carbohydrate that increase the level of sugar in the blood) that causes spikes in our blood sugar that gives us energy boost but not for long.
It will increase our food craving, weight gain and the ultimate result is unhealthy body.
What is Wholemeal Bread?
Wholemeal bread is nutty in taste, it is considered a healthy substitute for White Bread. Despite not being as tasty as the white bread, its nutritional values make up for the shortcoming of its taste.
Whole flour is used to make Wholemeal bread, which means it retains its natural nutrients of bran and germ layer.
As the wholemeal bread is made of pure grain flour it contains all the nutrition, vitamins, fiber, and iron which is good news for health-conscious people.
The fiber in the Wholemeal bread takes time to digest the food that keeps us fuller and reduced calorie intake, it also improves our digestion hence there is no need to take any laxatives for improving digestion.
All the vitamins, nutrition, and iron help to fight against many diseases like heart disease, blood sugar, cholesterol, etc.
Wholemeal bread is also good for the mental health of an individual apart from vitamins, fiber, it also contains Phosphorous, Zinc, Iron, vitamin D, and Magnesium which gives protection to the brain against metal repulse and mental problems like Alzheimer’s.
The benefits of Wholemeal bread are numerous its consumption can make us healthy, it can lower the risk of many diseases which ultimately leads to a good life and good health.
Main Differences Between White and Wholemeal bread
1. White bread is less nutritious as compared to Wholemeal bread.
2. White bread does not satisfy our hunger which leads to the intake of more calories. Whereas
Wholemeal bread contains fiber that makes our food digest at a slower rate which reduces the intake of calories.
3. Bran and germ layer is removed from the flour before making White bread. On the other hand,bran and germ layers are retained in the flour from which Wholemeal bread is made.
4. It does not help us to fight diseases whereas Wholemeal bread helps us to fight diseases likeheart attack, cholesterol, digestion, etc.
5. The flour used to make White bread is bleached with chemicals whereas, the flour in Wholemeal is all pure.
After cultivation started cereals helped people to survive and domesticate animals, when people understand the value of bread they decided to settle down and start to cultivate it, this was a turning point in the life of human evolution.
As civilization began to develop bread was loved and appreciated by every culture, it became one of the most important items and will always remain the basic component of our diet.
However, things have changed a lot, as new technologies came they modified the production of bread.
As compared to ancient times, bread has lost all its nutritional values as people started experimenting with these food items to make it taste better and look better.
They were successful in their experiments but lost all its natural benefits.
Soon they realize that the modification they had made is hampering their health and came up with a solution of Wholemeal bread.
A 100% Wholemeal bread consists of the entire nutritional component that it contained in ancient times.
Although these two types of bread are the basic food component in our daily life, we should be aware of its nutritional benefits so that we can choose which one is best for us.
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