Difference Between an SUV and a Crossover (With Table)

The automobile industry caters to different needs of customers with a different types of models. the most common type of vehicle is truck-based vehicles which are rugged and generally used to haul larger payloads. The two most common types of truck-based vehicles which are chosen and manufactured in greater amounts are SUV and crossover.

SUV vs Crossover

The main difference between an SUV and a crossover is that SUV is heavier and has a truck chassis while a crossover is lighter and has a car platform. The design of the body of the SUV follows the body-on-frame concept while Crossover has a unibody construction. First SUV was launched in the 1930s while the first crossover was launched in 1979.

SUV stands for Sport Utility Vehicles. SUVs are ideal for off-roading and towing usages. The manufacturing process that attaches a separate body to the ladder frame, makes the SUV ideal for rough terrain. The initial SUV vehicles were constructed with a rigid frame or chassis as the foundation of the body.

On the other hand, Crossover stands for a Crossover utility vehicle. Crossover is ideal for a drive in urban areas and minimum off-roading or towing. Cross overs are easier to drive, more fuel-efficient, and are available at a cheaper price than traditional SUVs. The crossover was launched as a combination of Car as well as an SUV in the form of a compact version.

Comparison Table Between an SUV and a Crossover

Parameters of Comparison SUVCrossover
Manufacturing process Body on the frame construction process is followed during manufacture of SUV Unibody construction process is followed during manufacture of crossover
Full form Sports utility vehicle Crossover utility vehicle
Weight HeavierLighter
Origin First SUV was launched in 1930s First crossover was launched in 1979
Price Comparatively expensive Comparatively inexpensive

What is an SUV?

SUV stands for Sport Utility Vehicles. The design of the body of the SUV follows the body-on-frame concept. The significance of this process is that each frame and body is billed separately and later joined together in the manufacturing process. The truck-based vehicle is larger and is ideally built for rough terrain.

The first SUV was of Chevy suburban that was launched in the year 1930s. Later other vehicles too join the race like Willy’s Jeep Station Wagon in the 1970s. The first revolution brought about in the domain of SUV was by Chevy Blazer in 1969. The initial SUV vehicles were constructed with a rigid frame or chassis as the foundation of the body.

The suspension and wheels are attached to the frame of the SUV. The engine and the drivetrain also rest on the frame. SUVs have a rigid platform which makes them a potential vehicle for hauling and towing. The high ground clearance offered in SUV makes it an ideal choice for off-roading.

The vehicle has a rear-wheel-drive (RWD) and the system is equipped with the power of all four wheels that is 4WD or 4-wheel drive or 4×4. The heavyweight of the model can carry larger and heavier cargo efficiently. SUVs are delivering an experience of power with efficiency.

What is a Crossover?

Crossovers are a vehicle that has a combination of the best traits of a car which include efficiency and convenience along with the best features of an SUV which include versatility and practicality. The general space, flexible storage, higher capability, and superior traction made crossover popular among families or commercial purposes. Crossover is ideal for drive-in urban areas and minimum off-roading or towing.

Crossover has a unibody construction which means that the body and frame of the crossover are built on a single piece. Such manufacturing process provides better quality of ride and is lighter. The light body also helps in providing better fuel efficiency. The weight also affects the handling of the vehicle and hence it becomes easier to maneuver crossover in tight spots.

Crossover a generally smaller than SUVs. They are also referred to as small-sized SUVs or even compact SUVs. The model has a front-wheel-drive system and some models do offer all-wheel drive options too. Crossover is affordable and low priced than SUVs. The lower weight of crossover provides built-in safety benefits, especially in crumple zones.

The multi-passenger vehicle is comfortable roomy and has safety with fuel economy. Crossovers are available in a wide range of sizes ranging from compact to full-size models. Crossovers are also known as CUV or crossover utility vehicles. It was mainly popularised by the Canadian shoppers and its trait of All-Wheel Drive (AWD). The vehicle responds quicker to brakes and accelerators than regular SUVs.

Main Differences Between and an SUV and a Crossover

  1. SVR is generally larger while the crossover is compact and smaller in size.
  2. SUV can smoothly drive through rougher terrain while the crossover is built for comparatively less rough terrain.
  3. SUV is best for customers who are ready to splurge some extra bucks while the crossover is best for customers who are looking for truck-based vehicles on a budget.
  4. SUVs can be difficult to maneuver and park while crossovers are easier to maneuver and park in tight spots.
  5. SUV is a traditional option of truck-based vehicles while the crossover is a newer and modern version of truck-based vehicles.

Conclusion

Both the models have a good raised high clearance which helps the driver during off-roading and provides a high vantage point. The interior of both the cars is spacious and comfortable. The roomy space makes the vehicles a popular option among families avoiding minivan options.

Both the vehicles provide exceptional safety and have the potential to absorb energy in collisions of high impact. Both the vehicles are known for their stability, comfort, powerful engines, and quick response to brakes and accelerators.

Both, SUV and crossover, have been launched in several series and variants by top manufacturers in the automobile industry. Both the models have distinct differences. It is essential to evaluate all the parameters of the vehicles before making a final choice of decision with the vehicle.

References

  1. http://rvjsteam.rvce.edu.in/pdf/02/issue-2/4-Optimization-of-Suspension-Damping-Parameters-of-a-Crossover-SUV-for-Ride-Comfort-using-Iterative-Algorithms.pdf
  2. https://theicct.org/sites/default/files/publications/EV_cost_2020_2030_20190401.pdf
  3. https://asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/ES/proceedings-abstract/ES2009/707/356230
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