Big Data vs Cloud Computing: Difference and Comparison

The world is digitally revolutionized, and the data is exponentially growing. There are various models, tools, and software that work behind every click.

The two main terms with distinguishing mechanisms related to data processing, transfer, and operational performance are big data and cloud computing.

Key Takeaways

  1. Big data refers to large and complex data sets, while cloud computing uses remote servers to store, manage, and process data.
  2. Big data is used to extract insights and make informed decisions, while cloud computing provides on-demand access to computing resources.
  3. Big data requires specialized tools for processing and analysis, while cloud computing offers scalability and cost-effectiveness.

Big Data vs Cloud Computing

The former refers to the data which is huge in size and increased rapidly over time, while the latter refers to the on-demand availability of computing resources over the internet. The former refers to a huge volume of data and management, while the latter refers to remote IT resources and different internet service models.

Big Data vs Cloud Computing

Big data is used in social media data, e-commerce platforms and businesses, weather determination, IoT sensors, and other fields. Big data provides platform centralization and backup provision with an easy maintenance price.

While cloud computing is used by services like Amazon Web Service (AWS), Microsoft, Google Cloud, Azure, IBM Cloud, and many other computing vendors.

The services of cloud computing are scalable and affordable and use the internet to run.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonBig dataCloud computing
Definition It refers to huge data processing with various tools to curate, store, analyze, update, and manage data It is the utilization of computing services like storage, servers, software, networks, analytics
TypesThree main types – structured data unstructured data and semi-structured data Four main types – IaaS (Infrastructure as a service), PaaS (Platform as a service), SaaS (Software as a service), and Serverless
FunctionCost reduction, time reduction, huge data storage, innovative product development, and efficient decision making It offers innovation, scalable economies, and flexible resources. It runs the infrastructure more efficiently and effectively
CharacteristicsVolume, variety, velocity, veracity, value, and variabilityAgility, cost reduction, device and location independence, easy maintenance, multitenancy, increased productivity, and security
ApplicationAreas like governmental processes, medical or healthcare, sports, economic productivity, crime and security, research and development, resource management, Internet of Things, education and the media industry Sending mails, watching movies or TV, social media platforms, listening to music, healthcare services, IT services, businesses, and many other spheres

What is Big Data?

Big data extracts, analyses, and treats large and complex data sets. In the field of big data, there are various tools to capture, curate, store, analyze, share, update, arrange and manage data.

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It is also used to determine predictive analysis and user behaviour analytics. Big data has evolved from the primary concepts of volume, variety, and velocity.

Big data was popularized by John Mashey in the 1990s. Big data provides exceptional high capacity for data within a bound time and value frame.

Big data is effective for unstructured data. With the huge data generation, the global data volume is expected to reach 165 zettabytes by 2025.

According to Kryder’s Law, big data continuously evolves. The government of China, India, Israel, the United Kingdom, and the United States have actively incorporated big data to carry out various services.

Big data has also brought about innovations like Square Kilometer Away, which can gather and store 1 petabyte per day.

Big data has applications in various domains like businesses, medical and health care with computer-aided diagnosis, governmental processes, geographic information, environmental research,

crime and security, genomics, connectomics, internet searches, education, the media industry, and many other areas. Big data has grown its roots in several fields.

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What is Cloud Computing?

Cloud computing is the utilization of computing services like storage, servers, processors, software, networks, analytics, and others. It enables automation and does not need individual addresses or users.

It provides agility to organizations, flexibility to the resources, and brings a reduction in costs of the existing infrastructure.

Cloud computing was introduced by Compaq in 1996. It was first referred to by the CEO of Google on 9th August 2006.

In 1977, the cloud was a term used to refer to the internet. Cloud environment gained popularity due to its easy maintenance as the server did not require centre hardware.

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There are mainly three types of cloud computing – public cloud, private cloud, and hybrid cloud. Cloud computing services are of four major types – IaaS (Infrastructure as a service),

PaaS (Platform as a service), SaaS (Software as a service), and Serverless.

They are also referred to as computing stacks as they are placed one above another.

The cloud-based applications have an internet-run program, processing code, and the processes are executed in the cloud.

Cloud computing is the backbone of major online services like sending emails, editing documents, watching movies, playing games, or listening to music.

Organizations, whether startups or global level, governmental or non-profit agencies, have cloud computing incorporated in every online sphere.

cloud computing

Main Differences Between Big Data and Cloud Computing

  1. Big data includes data which is large in volume and has an exponential increase, while cloud computing involves the availability of computing resources over the internet services.
  2. Big data has five main characteristics that are variety, volume, veracity, velocity, and value, while the main characteristics of cloud computing are the availability of resources, cost reduction, increase in productivity, and security.
  3. Big data is of broadly three types – structured data, unstructured data and semi-structured data while cloud computing is of broadly four types – IaaS (Infrastructure as a service), PaaS (Platform as a service), SaaS (Software as a service), and Serverless.
  4. The purpose of big data is to extract, process, and organize huge data while cloud computing aims at storing and processing data in the cloud without physical intervention in IT services.
  5. Challenges of big data are data storage, integration, processing, and resource management, while cloud computing limits availability, security, and transformation of the charging model.
Difference Between Big Data and Cloud Computing
References
  1. https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.14778/1920841.1921063
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17538947.2016.1239771

Last Updated : 15 August, 2023

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19 thoughts on “Big Data vs Cloud Computing: Difference and Comparison”

  1. The article oversimplifies some of the complexities in these technologies. While it provides a good introductory overview, it lacks depth in certain areas.

    Reply
    • I see your point, but given that this is an introductory article, it does a good job of outlining the basic differences between big data and cloud computing.

      Reply
  2. This article is very informative and provides a detailed comparison between big data and cloud computing. I appreciate the clear explanation of the key differences and the practical applications of both technologies.

    Reply
    • The comparison table is particularly helpful. It’s great to have such a comprehensive resource for understanding the distinctions between big data and cloud computing.

      Reply
  3. The article did not adequately address the potential security implications of big data and cloud computing, which are critical factors to consider in today’s digital landscape.

    Reply
    • It’s a shame that security wasn’t covered more thoroughly. Hopefully, future articles will address this topic in greater detail.

      Reply
  4. Although the article provides a solid overview, I believe it could benefit from some real-world case studies to illustrate the applications of big data and cloud computing.

    Reply
    • Great point. Real-world examples are always helpful in grounding theoretical concepts. I also look forward to seeing more practical applications in future articles.

      Reply
  5. The depth and breadth of the information presented here are truly commendable. This article has enriched my understanding of big data and cloud computing.

    Reply
  6. The humorous tone of the article made for an engaging read. Who knew big data and cloud computing could be so entertaining?

    Reply
  7. The comparisons made here are compelling and help elucidate the unique roles of big data and cloud computing in various industries. However, I wish the article delved deeper into potential challenges and limitations of each technology.

    Reply
    • I agree, understanding the limitations of these technologies is crucial. That being said, the article serves as a solid starting point for those new to the concepts of big data and cloud computing.

      Reply
    • Perhaps a follow-up article could focus on the challenges and limitations you mentioned. This piece has certainly laid a great foundation.

      Reply
  8. I found the structure of the article to be quite persuasive, effectively highlighting the distinctions between big data and cloud computing. Kudos to the author for a well-organized piece!

    Reply
    • Absolutely agree with your assessment. The clear structure of the article is a testament to the author’s expertise in these subject areas.

      Reply
    • The clarity and organization make this article a standout in its field. It’s rare to come across such a well-structured comparison piece.

      Reply

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