Difference Between Bio Computer and Quantum Computer (With Table)

Computers are getting advanced and developed day by day. Nowadays, there are lots of technologies introduced on which computers are working. Today, there is hardly any place where computers are not used, from hospitals to schools to railways, they are used everywhere.

There are two types of supercomputers that have different applications and different concepts behind them. They both are widely used in different areas and have benefits.

Bio Computer vs Quantum Computer

The difference between Bio Computer and Quantum Computer is that they both works on a different concept of working and processing. Bio Computers use DNA and molecular biology as information and processing. Quantum computers work on the concept of Quantum mechanics and use principles of quantum mechanics.

Bio Computers are supercomputers are emerging cutting-edge technology, which uses cells for computing. They use DNA, RNA as information and data processing. They are multi-tasker, faster, self-organizer, and self-repairing. They have enabled a far more potential to work in compared to the traditional computers. They also use less energy and generate less heat.

Quantum computing is based on the concepts of Quantum mechanics and quantum theory. They use quantum interference, superposition, entanglement, such unique behaviors of Quantum physics and then apply them to computing. Unlike bits, they use qubits which made the ability of the computer to work faster as well as to solve complex problems.

Comparison Table Between Bio Computer and Quantum Computer

Parameters of ComparisonBio ComputerQuantum Computer
DefinitionA special type of microcomputer that solves complex combinatorial problems and procedures using systems of biologically derived molecules.A computer that performs digital computation using new quantum algorithms cannot be done in digital computers.
ConceptThe concept is of combining computer science and molecular biology and also uses DNA to study biological systems.The information processing in Quantum computing is new and is totally based as the name suggest, i.e. on principles of Quantum theory.
FunctionFor processing and operations, Bio computers use DNA and molecular biology.To perform operations in Quantum computing, Information is being used and loaded as qubits that are the strings of quantum bits.
Used Mainly inBio computers are mainly used in the field of computation and biology.Quantum computers are mainly used in financial sectors which include risk management and financial modeling.
ApplicationsUsed in clinical researches, medical applications, and biological researches.Applications areas are machine learning, computational chemistry, scheduling, cyber security, etc.

What is Bio Computer?

Operating at the intersection of engineering, biology, and computer science, this cutting-edge technology uses cells, DNA, and RNA for performing the task and operations done by electronic computers. The goal is to use biological hardware for computing, such as using DNA and RNA as a medium for storing the information and processing the data, connecting the neurons from each other similar to as they are connected in the brains, etc.

It is amazing how the cells can compute and works the level faster than our traditional computers. For storing data, cells use DNA, receiving the data inputs, cells use RNA, the output is produced by using protein synthesis, and Ribosomes are being used for performing complex operations. They also have the ability to self-repair and self-organize.

What is Quantum Computer?

A new paradigm in computation, Quantum computing is a rapidly-emerging technology that is based on the concept of Quantum theory. They use laws of quantum mechanics and the unique behavior of quantum physics to solve problems, and that is not possible in digital computers or classical computers.

Introducing a new approach to traditional programming areas, Quantum computing is faster and uses advanced algorithms which are suitable for complex problems without requiring much energy. They are elegant machines that use qubits instead of bits to run multidimensional quantum algorithms. Qubits are different than bits, and in place of 0s and 1s, the calculation is based on the object state’s probability before they are measured. They thus get more of their processing power due to their ability to perform the task of using 1s and 0s simultaneously and a combination of them also. It takes a long time to build one quantum computer and costs billions.

Main Differences Between Bio Computer and Quantum Computer

  1. Bio Computers are mainly used in the medical and Biology field, whereas Quantum computers are used in the field of financial sectors.
  2. Bio computers are the type of supercomputers that uses systems of biologically derived molecules for the processing to happen, whereas Quantum computers use new quantum algorithms for the procedures and operations.
  3. Bio computers are based on the concept of combining computer science and molecular biology, whereas Quantum computers are based on the concept of principles of Quantum theory.
  4. Bio computers are widely used in clinical researches, medical applications, and biological researches and labs, whereas Quantum computers are widely used in machine learning, computational chemistry, scheduling, cyber security, etc.
  5. Bio computers use DNA and molecular biology for computational processing, whereas Quantum computers use Qubits that are the string of quantum bits that are being loaded as the information for the processing to happen.

Conclusion

As seen above, computers are now developing with new technologies, and they are being widely used in different areas for making work easier. Bio computers are emerging as new technology computers, and the new concept of using DNA and Molecular biology with a blend of computer science instead of using silicon-based computer technologies is giving them the edge.

Quantum computers, on the other hand, has been developed on the concept of quantum theory and is new in information processing as it uses new quantum algorithms for digital computations. So, both these supercomputers are newly developed and have their benefits, and both use a very different concept of working.

References

  1. https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/1889/3/032032/meta
  2. https://europepmc.org/article/med/1693290
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