Bible is the holy scriptures of both Judaism and Christianity. The Hebrew Bible and the Christian Bible are very similar to each other. The Hebrew Bible consists of only Old Testament.
- Hebrew Bible, or Tanakh, contains only the Old Testament books and is used by Jews.
- Christian Bible contains both Old and New Testament books and is used by Christians.
- The Old Testament books in the Christian Bible are the same as those in the Hebrew Bible, but the order and arrangement may differ.
Hebrew Bible vs Christian Bible
Hebrew bible is a sacred scripture of the Jewish people that is also called a Tanakh or the Hebrew Scriptures, and it consists of the Old Testament. Christian bible is the holy book of the Christians that consists of two sections which is the Old and New Testament, formed from BC to AD.
The Hebrew Bible is the sacred scripture of the Jewish people. It is also known as the ‘Hebrew Scriptures’ or ‘Tanakh.’ The Old Testament is generally considered the Hebrew Bible. Jewish people believe that the laws of the first five books of the Bible and the Torah were written by Moses.
The Christian Bible has two sections, the Old Testament and another is the New Testament. The books of the New Testament were written and formed by the Christians of the first century AD.
|Parameters of Comparison||Hebrew Bible||Christian Bible|
|Holy Book||The Old Testament Or Tanakh and Talmud are considered the holy Hebrew Bible.||The Old and New Testaments are two parts of the Christian Bible.|
|Founder||Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Moses.||Jesus Christ|
|God||Believe in the oneness of God. God is the creator of the universe.||Believe in One God in three persons: Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit—the Trinity.|
|Believes||You have to choose the good from the wrong thing. You are responsible only for your actions, not for your thoughts.||Man has inherited ‘Original Sin’ from Adam. Humans are a fallen and broken race, and they need salvation.|
|Position of Jesus||Hebrew people denied Jesus as the God or Massiah himself.||Christian people accept Jesus as God.|
|Language||The Hebrew Bible is written in the Hebrew language.||Christian Bible is written in Aramaic, Greek, and Latin language.|
What is Hebrew Bible?
Hebrew Bible is the sacred text of Judaism or Jewish people. Written in the Hebrew language, the Hebrew Bible is known in the name of Tanakh. It only includes the Old Testament, which is also a part of the Christian Bible.
Jewish people do not accept Jesus as the God and a Messiah. They consider Jesus a simple prophet of God and a good teacher. The Torah is also known as “the five books of Moses.”
The Torah consists of five books: Genesis (Bereshit), Exodus ( Shemot), Leviticus (Vayikra), Numbers (Bamidbar), and Deuteronomy (Devarim). The story of the creation and the beginning of the God-human relationship are briefly described in the first few chapters of Genesis.
The Torah provides Jewish religious laws and traditions. It’s also known as the law of Moses. Torah is written in Hebrew, and the Hebrew canon contains 24 books.
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What is Christian Bible?
The Old and New Testaments are generally known as the Christian Bible. The Bible is a holy book of the Christian religion.
The Old Testament is very similar to the Hebrew Bible. It depicts the story of the creation of the Earth. The beginning section of the Bible includes the concept of Noah and the great flood.
In the New Testament, the life story of Jesus is described. It is written in the second half of the 1st century by Paul the Apostle in Greek.
The book of Revelation is the last and final book of the Bible. It is an example of apocalyptic literature, written around 95 AD. King James Bible is the most widely-known Bible edition.
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Main Differences Between the Hebrew Bible and Christian Bible
- The Hebrew Bible is written in the Hebrew language. The Christian Bible is written in Greek, Aramaic, and Latin language.
- Judaism is the Abrahamic religion based on the principles written in the Hebrew Bible and Talmud. On the other hand, Christianity was founded by Jesus and based on the ethics embodied in the Christian Bible.
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Chara Yadav holds MBA in Finance. Her goal is to simplify finance-related topics. She has worked in finance for about 25 years. She has held multiple finance and banking classes for business schools and communities. Read more at her bio page.