Difference Between Hebrew Bible and Christian Bible (With Table)

Bible is the holy scriptures of both Judaism and Christianity. The Hebrew Bible and the Christian Bible are very similar to each other. The Hebrew Bible consists of only Old Testament. The Old Testament and the New Testament are two sections of the Christian Bible. Jesus Christ is the essential distinction between the two religions, Judaism and Christianity.

Hebrew Bible vs Christian Bible

The difference between Hebrew Bible and Christian Bible is that the Hebrew Bible consists of Old Testament only. On the other hand, both the Old Testament and the New Testament are considered as the Christian Bible. Judaism doesn’t accept Jesus Christ as a God. On the other hand, Christianity accepts and worships Jesus as God himself.

The Hebrew Bible is the sacred scriptures of Jewish people. It is also known as the ‘Hebrew Scriptures’ or ‘Tanakh.’ The Old Testament is generally considered the Hebrew Bible. Jewish people believe that the laws of the first five books of the Bible and the Torah were written by Moses. The Torah was written in the Hebrew language.

The Christian Bible has two sections, the Old Testament and another is the New Testament. The books of the New Testament are written and formed by the Christians of the first century AD. It is the biblical book about Jesus. Christianity accepts Jesus Christ as the Son of God.

Comparison Table Between Hebrew Bible and Christian Bible

Parameters of Comparison  Hebrew Bible  Christian Bible  
Holy Book  The Old Testament Or Tanakh and Talmud are considered as the holy Hebrew Bible.  The Old Testament and the New Testament are two parts of the Christian Bible.  
Founder  Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Moses.  Jesus Christ  
Religion  Judaism  Christianity  
God  Believe in the oneness of God. God is the creator of the universe.  Believe in One God in three persons: Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit. The Trinity.  
Believes  You have to choose the good from the bad thing. You are responsible only for your actions, not for your thoughts.  Man has inherited ‘Original Sin’ from Adam. Humans are a fallen and broken race, and they need salvation.  
Position of Jesus  Hebrew people denied Jesus as the God or Massiah himself.  Christian people accept Jesus as God.  
Language  The Hebrew Bible is written in the Hebrew language.  Christian Bible is written in Aramaic, Greek, and Latin language.  

What is Hebrew Bible?

Hebrew Bible is the sacred text of Judaism or Jewish people. Written in the Hebrew language, the Hebrew Bible is known in the name of Tanakh. It only includes the Old Testament, which is also a part of the Christian Bible. There are three parts of Hebrew scriptures: the Torah (teaching), the Nevi’im (prophets), and the Ketuvim (writings).

Jewish people do not accept Jesus as the God and a Messiah. They consider Jesus as a simple prophet of God, moreover a good teacher. The Torah is also known as “the five books of Moses.” Jewish people consider that the first five books of the Old Testament have written by Moses himself.

The Torah consists of the five books: Genesis (Bereshit), Exodus ( Shemot), Leviticus (Vayikra), Numbers (Bamidbar), and Deuteronomy (Devarim). The story of the creation and the beginning of the God-human relationship are briefly described in the first few chapters of Genesis. The ending chapters of the Torah highlight the story of Moses, how he guided the children of Israel.

The Torah provides Jewish religious laws and traditions. It’s also known as the law of Moses. Torah is written in Hebrew, and the Hebrew canon contains a total of 24 books. Yahweh is the God of Israelites. The Hebrew Bible is all about the dealing of God with his chosen Jewish people.

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What is Christian Bible?

The Old Testament and the New Testament are generally known as the Christian Bible. The Bible is a holy book of the Christian religion. The first section of the Bible is known as the Old Testament, and the last section is called the New Testament.

The Old Testament is very similar to the Hebrew Bible. It depicts the story of the creation of the Earth. The beginning section of the Bible includes the concept of Noah and the great flood. It also narrates the history of Moses and the people of Israel.

In the New Testament, the life story of Jesus is described. It is written in the second half of the 1st century by Paul the Apostle in the Greek language. There are also four Gospels about Jesus written around 70 AD. The first Gospel was written after forty years of the death of Jesus Christ.

The last and final book of the Bible is called the book of Revelation. It is an example of apocalyptic literature, written around 95 AD. King James Bible is the most widely-known Bible edition. Christianity believes in the Oneness of God. Jesus Christ is considered the son of God in Christianity.

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Main Differences Between Hebrew Bible and Christian Bible

  1. The Hebrew Bible is the sacred text of Judaism. On the other hand, the Christian Bible is the holy text of Christianity.
  2. The Old Testament or Tanakh is known as the Hebrew Bible. On the other hand, both the Old Testament and the New Testament are accepted by the Christian people as the Christian Bible.
  3. Jewish people do not believe in Jesus Christ, and they don’t accept the 27 books of the New Testament. On the other hand, Christian people believe that Jesus is the son of God and accepts the New Testament as a holy text.
  4. The Hebrew Bible is written in the Hebrew language. The Christian Bible is written in Greek, Aramaic, and Latin language.
  5. Judaism is the Abrahamic religion based on the principles written in the Hebrew Bible and Talmud. On the other hand, Christianity was founded by Jesus and based on the ethics embodied in the Christian Bible.


The Bible is not just a holy book. It is also the faith and belief of religious people. It provides us the road map of our lives. Bible is a guide for living life. It provides many stories, historical accounts, hymns, parables, poetry, prayers, letters, prophecies, etc.

Bible is a source of divine inspiration for religious people. The Hebrew Bible and the Christian Bible are similar in many aspects. Both religions believe in the existence of God, the creator of the universe. Both religions agree on the transcendent and immanent qualities of God.

Judaism strictly rejects the notion that Jesus or any human being could be God. Both religions agree with the concepts of heaven, hell, and sin.


  1. http://scholar.google.com/scholar_url?url=https%3A%2F%2Fcrm.hcvs.org.uk%2Fsites%2Fdefault%2Ffiles%2Fwebform%2Fpdf-introduction-to-the-hebrew-bible-john-j-collins-pdf-download-free-book-e80191a.pdf&hl=en&sa=T&oi=ggp&ct=res&cd=0&d=1489169110999478998&ei=zqOLYOiaDMeSywSTm7SgCw&scisig=AAGBfm3q9jkU1AJj2N7awhOgXX3EXMk46g&nossl=1&ws=1366×664&at=
  2. http://scholar.google.com/scholar_url?url=https%3A%2F%2Fjournals.sagepub.com%2Fdoi%2Fabs%2F10.1177%2F0008429815610607&hl=en&sa=T&ct=res&cd=1&d=4483613470014414446&ei=H6SLYPGhJYvuygSir5CwBA&scisig=AAGBfm0KX6IpDwLuBvnn8KzAu2WYfQlrdQ&nossl=1&ws=1366×664&at=&bn=1

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