Land vs Water: Difference and Comparison

Land and Water are present on Earth for better living. The land has soil, minerals, and rocks in it. Water has various nutrients and minerals.

Water changes its shape as per the placement of Water. There are many distinguishing features between the two. Some basic differences are their hard and soft nature. Apart from humans, Water is essential for plants and animals also. 

Key Takeaways

  1. Land refers to Earth’s solid surface, consisting of various geological features and supporting diverse ecosystems.
  2. Water is the liquid state of H2O, covering about 71% of Earth’s surface and playing a crucial role in sustaining life.
  3. Both land and water are essential components of Earth’s biosphere, but they differ in composition, characteristics, and the life forms they support.

Land vs Water

The difference between Land and Water is that Land has a fixed shape. On the other hand, Water has no shape or structure. A Land has colors and Water is colorless. Humans can survive on earth. On the flip side, Humans cannot survive in Water. The Land has solid properties, but Water does not. 

Land vs Water

Land refers to the hard surface covered on the earth. After Water, a major area of the earth consists of Land. The measurement of Land takes place in the area.

It can be separated by creating boundaries. In general terms, A country or region is also known as Land. Kinetic energy raises the temperature of the Land.

Water refers to the light-density liquid which is colorless. Water covers seventy-one percent area of the earth. It is a necessity for life.

The measurement of Water takes place in litres. It can change its formations into solid, liquid, and gas. A huge amount of water is present in the Oceans.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonLandWater
StructureThe Molecular structure of Land is tight.On the contrary, The Molecular structure of Water is loose.
PropertiesThe Land has solid properties of matter.Water has liquid properties of matter.
IntakeThe intake of Land is not possible by humans or animals.Water is necessary for human and animals intake regularly.
SignificanceIt is a part of the earth that is not occupied by the water.It is a clear transparent liquid apart from Land, with the scientific name H2O.
AppearanceThe Appearance of Land brown, green or yellowish.The Appearance of Water is transparent or light blue in some cases.

What is Land?

The land is a part of Earth’s surface in natural phenomena. This soiled surface is present in large quantities. 29% of Earth’s area contains Land only, and the rest contains Water.

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It is green, yellow, brown, or grey. The molecular structure of land is tight. Humans cannot intake Land by mouth directly. 

For farmers, Land is the factor of production. It is not a cakewalk to buy a piece of land. One requires a large amount of savings to invest in Land.

The heating capacity of Land is less in comparison to other solid surfaces. The regular portion of Land surrounded by sea is a Landmass. 

In a Business sense, Land is a term to denote property. The transactions of the Real-estate take place based on Land Value. The owner of the Land is the seller.

Land cannot be reproduced. A specific area used for building or harvesting is known as Land. The term Land can be referred to as country or region as well. 

Unlike Water, Land has certain visible boundaries. The land does not have any perishable properties. It can be developed in many ways.

The value of land varies from place to place for example, rural and urban land has huge price differences. 


What is Water?

Water is a small molecular combination of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom.  In comparison to land, Water has occupied seventy-one percent of the Area of the Earth.

Plenty of Water is required for Human Body. Water is important in regulating our body temperature. 

It has no taste or odour. The Chemical formula for Water is H2O. Water is a perishable substance with minimal maintenance. The territories of Water are not easy to decide.

Hydrogen bonds allow absorption power to Water. Our daily activities are incomplete without Water. 

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It is vital for all living creatures on Earth. The freezing temperature of zero degrees Celsius is apt for Water into Ice.

The most common locations for Water are lakes, rivers, oceans, and glaciers. Water has a highly dense surface. It can survive in solid, liquid, and gas states.

Water helps to flush out toxins from the body. It takes up the shape of any container whenever placed in. It is simple to change the color of the water. 

Water purification takes place through the process of Precipitation. Our ecosystem cannot work without Water. Ninety-nine percent of living beings start their day with Water. 


Main Differences Between Land and Water

  1. Area of Usage: Land has occupied less area on earth. On the other hand, Water has occupied more area on the earth.
  2. Heating Capacity: Land has a low heating capacity compared to Water’s heating capacity.
  3. Cost of Buying: Land is costlier and cannot be purchased easily. On the other hand, Water is inexpensive.
  4. Maintainance: Land required more maintenance. On the other hand, Water requires less maintenance.
  5. Shelf-Life: Land has more Shelf life as compared to Water. It has a shorter life expectancy.
  6. Measurement: The measuring scale of Land is an area, and The measuring scale of Water is in litres.
Land vs Water – Difference Between Land and Water



Last Updated : 27 July, 2023

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