Difference Between Peas and Beans (With Table)

Peas and beans are filled with nutritious values. Peas and beans are cousins as both of them belong to the family of seeds. They even look similar, but they are different in many aspects. They are not the same, although people often use these two terms as synonyms.

Peas vs Beans

The difference between peas and beans is that peas are round while beans have a wider variety of shapes. Also, they have different colours. Peas are generally green, and beans are mainly red and white. Beans have various kinds of seeds in their family. Beans possess a solid stem, whereas pea plants have hollow stems.

Peas are a type of beans. They are small, round, green seeds that grow inside pods. Peas are recharged with nutrients. They have fibre, carbohydrate, proteins and minerals. Not only for humans, but they are also used to feed livestock. Peas are harvested mainly in the winter, but canned and frozen peas are available throughout the year.

Beans are usually oval or kidney-shaped and consist of many nutrients. Beans have fibre in abundance and also contains carbohydrates, folate, proteins and minerals. Beans help to reduce blood cholesterol. Beans are part of the daily meals in many countries as they provide plenty amount of nutrients. Dry bean, navy bean and common bean are some of the popular beans.

Comparison Table Between Peas and Beans

Parameters of ComparisonPeasBeans
Shape Peas are round in shape.Beans have oval or kidney shape.
ColourPeas are usually green in colour.The Colour of the beans depends on their type, mainly it is red or white.
StemThe stem of a pea plant is empty and hollow.Beans possess very solid stems.
Cultivation timePeas can only grow in the cold so it is a winter crop. Beans are summer crops and grow in a hot and warm environment.
Growth patternPea plants have tendrils that twine around a pole to provide the support to grow. Beans plants need support to grow so they twist around a vertical structure in a spiral pattern to gain support.

What is Peas?

Peas, also known as garden peas, are a type of bean. These charming bead-shaped green beans are enriched with nutrients and minerals. Peas grow inside green pods and can be eaten even raw. Peas belong to the food group of legumes, but generally, it is considered as a vegetable.

Peas have two forms to grow that is pole and bush. Pole shaped peas have tendrils that twine around a pole to obtain the required support.

Peas are vegetable of the winter season as they need a cold environment to grow. Fresh peas are available in winter, and in summer, we can easily get canned and frozen peas.

Peas contain many nutrients, antioxidants and fibre. In peas, the amount of calories is low, and it is high in protein. The rich amount of fibre presence helps to keep the digestive system healthy. It also contains several vitamins and minerals. All the nutrients of peas are vital elements to control blood sugar.

Not merely nutritious for humans, but peas are beneficial to the soil as well. Peas are an extraordinary crop for crop rotations. This process contributes to the restoration of the minerals in the soil. Its other uses are green manure and biological fuels.

What is Beans?

Beans belong to the food group of Fabaceae or Leguminosae. Some popular beans are fava beans, red beans, lima beans and kidney beans. Beans belong to the seed family.

Beans have a solid stem, but it needs support to grow. So bean plants twist around a vertical structure in order to grow. Beans are a crop of summer, so they grow in warm regions.

These small oval or kidney-shaped seeds are a great source of nutrients. They are rich in fibre which is important for our digestive system, and they reduce blood cholesterol and blood pressure, which decreases the chances of heart disease. Beans are a great food to control obesity as well. They also contain macro and micronutrients such as carbohydrates, folate, proteins and several minerals.

Beans should be included in our daily meals. Beans are a great way to acquire nutrients as they are easily available and also inexpensive.

Beans are not only useful for animals but soil too. Beans are also used for agricultural purposes like crop rotations and intercropping. Beans are also able to generate green fertilizer and biofuels.

Main Differences Between Peas and Beans

  1. The most vivid distinctive feature between peas and beans is the shape of these two. Peas are mainly round in shape, whereas beans have the shape of kidney and oval.
  2. Peas are green in colour generally, and beans are mainly split up into two colour, red beans and white beans.
  3. Peas can only grow in cold weather, so peas are harvested in winter, and on the other hand, beans need warm hot weather to grow, so it is a crop of summer.
  4. Peas have hollow or empty stems, whereas beans have solid stems.
  5. Many plants require to have support while growing; peas use tendrils for it, these tendrils twine around a pole, but bean plants twist around a vertical structure in a spiral pattern to gain support.


Peas are a type of beans. Both of them are seeds. Both peas and beans are fantastic sources of nutrients. They have many similarities between them, and this is why people often confuse these two. This confusion also exists because, in many countries, both peas and beans have the same name.

Both of them are rich in fibre, antioxidants, protein, vitamins and minerals. They have the same sort of nutrients at a high level which again leads people to get confused, and people end up thinking both of these are the same item of food.

But even though people get confused between peas and beans, both of these seeds are popular among people and a great source of nutrients.


  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.4081/ijas.2005.177
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=G30yDwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR1&dq=peas+and+beans&ots=EV5znPlX1i&sig=hWsUaioA0hhsQzOATpDjkGtchs8
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