Difference Between Low Beams and High Beams (With Table)

Vehicles are an important part of life, especially when it comes to travel. Barely anyone prefers walking overusing the vehicle. And especially nowadays when there are so many updations with each vehicle that it has become easier to use them. There are many features, whether it is related to comfort, security, visions, etc., one of the important parts of the vehicles is the light of beams used in them.

There are mainly two types of beams used in vehicles, low beam and high beam. Both of them have the same function, but despite them, they are different in several terms. Following are the differences and other information related to both of them.

Low Beams vs High Beams

The difference between low beams and high beams is in their angle and focus. Low beam is focused on short-range, is less strong, and angles directly at road, whereas high beams are strongly focused for long-range, covering more distance and is angled straight or upwards. Low beams can cover a maximum distance of 40 meters, while high beams can cover a maximum distance of 100 meters that is twice the distance covered by low beams. These are the reasons why people choose high beams, and as for low beams, there are pretty good reasons too for getting chosen. For example, it is never responsible for blinding the other driver and can be used perfectly in a foggy, rainy, and snowy climate. Other than these differences, they also differ in terms of their suitability.

Low beams are beams used for vehicles that have a shorter range and less focus. They are best suitable in high traffic areas due to many reasons, one of them being it won’t cause blinding to the other drivers. The beam focuses for about 40 meters and directly towards the road. One of the best things about it is that it can be used in all types of climates, including rainy and foggy.

High beam is beams used for vehicles that have a higher range and more focus. They are best suitable for places with less traffic or fewer number of other vehicles’ presence, the reason could be it can blind other drivers making them unable to see further anything. The beam focuses on about 100 meters and in front of the vehicles rather than on the road.

Comparison Table Between Low Beams and High Beams

Parameters of ComparisonLow BeamsHigh Beams
Suitability  With the presence of other vehiclesWhen a driver is alone
Beam angleTowards the roadUpwards
FocusShort-rangeLong-range
Blinding the driversNoYes
Usage  Can be used in fog, rain, and snowCannot be used in fog, rain, and snow

What are Low Beams?

Low beams earlier have to be used manually by the user when he feels the darkness around, but with new technology and updates now vehicles can automatically detect the darkness and switch on the low beams. This function is useful for someone who is not aware of the switching on and off of the beams or headlights. It is mainly used in cities or states as these areas are more prone to heavy traffic.

Along with this, it is more versatile when it comes to environmental issues. In places that have different climatic conditions, low beams are very important as only they can provide a view in rainy and foggy weather when a front view can be quite difficult.

In a low beam, the light does not focus completely in one direction by scattered all around due to which makes the distance around the vehicle visible as well for a short distance. 

There is some disadvantage of it as well, as it can make things visible that are close to the vehicle; otherwise, it won’t be visible.

What are High Beams?

High beams are used manually. There is no automatic feature of it, this may be due to the reason it is best suitable for a place with no or fewer other vehicles. High beams should only be used in such places as they can cause blindness to other drivers due to their high and front focus. It focuses strongly with sharp light in the upward direction from the road or in front of the driver to a long distance. Due to its force, the beam is not best suitable for the rainy or foggy climate. But in areas where curves are frequent, they can play an important role to make the curve visible from a far distance that is not the same in the case of low beams.

As the light focuses in one direction, the things in the other direction might not be visible as clearly as the front. But for the front view, it is best as it can cover 100 meters.

Main Differences Between Low Beams and High Beams

  1. Both of them are suitable for different situations, not all of them can be used for high traffic. When it comes to high traffic or the presence of a large number of vehicles, low beams are ideal, whereas for low traffic or in the presence of fewer vehicles, high beams are more suitable, and in opposite situations, beams won’t be of any use.
  2. When both beams are used, they produce light at a definite angle. In the case of low beams, the angle is towards the roads or is downwards, while with high beams, the angle is in front or comparatively upward.
  3. Both beams are mainly differentiated on the basis of their focus. Low beams focus on short range. Therefore, it will be visible till short distance when compared to high beams that are focused on longer ranger giving view to the longer distance.
  4. One main disadvantage of high beams is that it is that focused that sometimes it can lead to blinding the driver, making them unable to see the road or other passing vehicle while no such blinding case arises with low beams as their focus is comparatively low and safer for others.
  5. In terms of activation, there are two options with low beams. It can be activated automatically or manually, while for activating the high beams, there is only one option i.e. manually.
  6. Lastly, both of them cannot be used in all of the climatic conditions. For instance, in foggy, rainy, or snowy climates, low beams can be used, while in the same climatic conditions, high beams cannot be used. Thus making an advantage for the low beams.

Conclusion

Therefore, they are all the differences between low and high beams. It is important to understand the difference between them to choose the best among them. They are important as they provide the view by focusing on the road or in front during dark or night time when seeing things can be quite difficult. In the absence of these beams, there is a higher chance of accidents and mishappenings.

It is difficult to say which is better as both of them are their respective advantages and disadvantages. The consumer must consider important factors such as climate and usage before choosing between them. But one thing that should be used at any cost is the beams whiter it is low or high.

References

  1. https://trid.trb.org/view/309076
  2. https://aip.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.46975
x
2D vs 3D