Difference Between MS Access and SQL

Microsoft Access is utilized in domestic or small commercial enterprise applications.

Microsoft Access isn’t always capable of coping with huge portions of database calls.

Microsoft SQL Server is for medium to huge companies that deal with a very huge number of data and wants slower response time.

MS Access vs SQL

The main difference between MS Access and SQL is that MS Access is a Microsoft application that uses a DBMS, It mixes the RADE or relational Access Database Engine with a software-development tool whereas SQL is a computer language for working with a huge number of records and data.

MS Access vs SQL

Microsoft Access is a (DBMS) that mixes the MJDE or Microsoft Jet Database Engine with software-improvement tools and GCI or graphical consumer interface.

The essential utilization of MS Access is for accounting.

MS access makes it easy to create a database within a lesser time duration.

it uses an entirely graphical user interface which made it consumer-friendly.

Structured Query Language stands for SQL.

It is just a programming language utilized by databases, It is a programming language designed for eliciting facts from databases, It uses databases to store and retrieve the desired information.

This language permits to address the facts of the usage of tables and indicates a language to question those tables and different items related.

Comparison Table Between MS Access and SQL

Parameters of ComparisonMS Access SQL
Full formThe full form of MS access is Microsoft accessThe full form of SQL is Structured Query Language
serverMS access it desktop basedSQL is a server-based database
interfaceadvanced database users should use the Access interface.it is less intuitive and takes longer to learn.
recoveryan Access file can only be restored from corruption or data loss.SQL Server allows you to create automatic backups to a network device or a media disc.
softwareMS Access is a DBMS or database management system that may be used at home or in a small business.SQL Server is designed for medium to big enterprises that require a data processing solution.

What is MS Access?

MS Access is a Database Management system.

it was developed by Microsoft.

It is part of the Microsoft Office suite and works on data in its very own format.

On November 13, 1992, the primary version of MS Access was launched through Microsoft.

Before MS access, Borland and Fox were the 2 Database Management structures that have been dominating the global marketplace.

It turned MS access into the global database management system.

Multiple adjustments have been made withinside the software and progressively Microsoft commenced freeing one-of-a-kind variations of MS Access.

Each updated edition reduced the RAM usage and was optimized according to the storage needs.

Access tables assist numerous popular discipline indices, types, and referential integrity which include cascading deletes and updates.

In a question interface, the menu is present to input records, and reviews.

You can use MS access for printing the spreadsheet as well.

The underlying Access database houses those objects.

It is a multi-consumer system and has record-locking capabilities.

Users can create tables, queries, bureaucracy, review, and join them collectively with macros.

VBA may be used by advanced users to generate rich replies with improved data processing and user control.

Access additionally has tables for data storing which could store any type of data.

What is SQL?

SQL is a query-based question language.

It is a laptop language designed for eliciting facts from databases.

SQL is a language to perform actions on databases; it consists of database creation, deletion, fetching rows, enhancing rows, etc.

SQL is an ANSI (American National Standards Institute) trendy language, however, there are numerous unique variations of the SQL language.

SQL works by providing a workable environment for programmers and different consumers to get filtered data from a database.

It uses something similar to regular English.

Sometimes SQL implementations are incompatible, and they don’t necessarily adhere to industry standards. 

SQL includes a few instructions like Select, which grabs records; Insert, which provides records to a database; Update, used to modify the data; and Delete, which deletes facts.

Other instructions exist to create, modify, and administer databases.

popular implementations of SQL generally help in finding specific data, inclusive of the TIME or DATE records types.

Maximum famous business and proprietary SQL Database Management systems use Oracle whose DATE format is known as DATE-TIME and does not have a TIME type. As a result, SQL code is rarely portable between databases without changes.

Main Differences Between MS Access and SQL

  1. MS access gives the capacity of 2 GB to store all the required information whereas  SQL databases can keep informed of over 500,000 TB.
  2. MS Access is a full-fledged program that is used for taking care of the database whereas SQL is not a program it is a full fledged DBPL or database programming language.
  3. Microsoft access stores statistics in a layout based on the Access Jet Database Engine or AJDE, Whereas SQL is designed for RDBMS.
  4. MS Access has a maximum limit of 32,000 entities per database whereas SQL can manage more than 2 billion entities.
  5. Tables, queries, forms, and reports are the four items that make up an Access database. A database object is any pre defined entity in a database which could be used to store or refer to data in SQL.
Difference Between MS Access and SQL


MS Access is a Database Management tool that changed launched by Microsoft.

The underlying Access database, which includes one’s objects, is a database handler that also handles file-locking.

Users can create queries, tables, reviews, and forms, with the help of macros.

Access has file creation abilities.

SQL is an entire primarily based query language.

It is a pc language designed for eliciting statistics from databases SQL is a language to carry out databases.

it includes database deletion, creation, improving rows, fetching rows, etc.

On the handiest level, SQL consists of only some instructions: Select, which grabs statistics; Insert, which presents statistics to a database; Update, which changes statistics; and Delete, which deletes statistics.


  1. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Rakesh-Kumar-34/publication/265296444_Comparison_of_SQL_with_HiveQL/links/54080eaa0cf2bba34c248be9/Comparison-of-SQL-with-HiveQL.pdf
  2. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-540-27811-5_22
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